WASHINGTON - U.S. regulators are in the early stages of an antitrust probe into whether Google Inc, the top player in Web display advertising, breaks antitrust law in how it handles some advertising sales, a source told Reuters on Thursday.
LONDON - From ketchup to hot drinks, family-run investment firms are shaking up the consumer deals market, squeezing out private equity players and forcing them to change strategy.
BEIJING/HONG KONG - China reiterated its opposition on Thursday to a European Union plan to limit airline carbon dioxide emissions and called for talks to resolve the issue a day after its major airlines refused to pay any carbon costs under the new law.
Bain and 3Com deal stalled on Chinese stake
PHILADELPHIA (Reuters) - Bain Capital Partners has withdrawn its application for U.S. security approval of its $2.2 billion purchase of 3Com Corp COMS.O with a Chinese investor -- killing the deal in its current form, a source familiar with the situation said on Wednesday.
Bain and 3Com announced the withdrawal after being unable satisfy the concerns of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) about the deal, in which China's Huawei Technologies Co Ltd HWT.UL could hold as much as a 20.5 percent stake of the network equipment maker.
The deal "cannot proceed under its current structure," the source said.
The companies said they were still in discussions and the proposed transaction had not yet been terminated.
Shares of 3Com fell 73 cents, or 19.6 percent, in afternoon trading on Nasdaq to $3 as the possibility of the takeover proceeding seemed remote.
"We are very disappointed that we were unable to reach a mitigation agreement with CFIUS for this transaction," said 3Com President Edgar Masri.
"While we work closely with Bain Capital Partners and Huawei to construct alternatives that would address CFIUS' concerns, we will continue to execute our strategy to build a global networking leader," Masri said.
"It's better to withdraw the application than to have it rejected, but it's a bad sign that they couldn't reach an agreement in the review window," said one arbitrageur who declined to be named.
Bain agreed in September to buy 3Com in a deal that would also give Huawei Technologies a 16.5 percent minority stake. Huawei could increase its stake in 3Com by up to an additional 5 percent.
The deal was subject to scrutiny by CFIUS, an interagency U.S. governmental panel that reviews corporate acquisitions involving foreign buyers.
In October, eight U.S. lawmakers were backing a bill suggesting that the planned buyout of 3Com "threatens the national security of the United States."
3Com previously said Huawei would not have access to sensitive U.S. technology or U.S. government sales and it would lack operational control or the ability to make decisions for the firm.
Last week, Bain offered various concessions. including one proposal under which it would divest 3Com's Tipping Point unit, which makes national security software, a source familiar with the situation previously said.
Tipping Point makes "intrusion prevention" systems to protect networks at large businesses and government agencies. 3Com acquired Tipping Point in late 2004 for $430 million.
Last year, 3Com had planned to spin off Tipping Point through an initial public offering, but that plan was pulled when the Bain deal was announced.
Tipping Point was expected to have fiscal 2008 revenues of $121.0 million, and fiscal 2009 revenues of $158.3 million, according to a filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
A Treasury Department spokesman confirmed that Bain and 3Com had withdrawn their CFIUS application but declined to comment on the specifics of the case.
In late January, President George W. Bush issued an executive order clarifying procedures for such security reviews in the wake of several deals by sovereign wealth funds to invest billions of dollars into major U.S. banks.
Bush's order spelled out how CFIUS conducts its reviews and informs Congress, including stating that it may impose conditions on a deal to address any potential national security risks after a threat-analysis by the U.S. director of national intelligence. But the order also states that the U.S. remains open for business and welcomes foreign investment.
"The (Bush) administration has worked hard to implement the CFIUS process in a manner that ensures the protection of national security while also encouraging investment from abroad," U.S. Treasury spokesman Robert Saliterman said.
Without a buyout, 3Com would face some challenges in the network equipment sectors, analysts said.
"We remain concerned about (3Com's) core business on limited upside and continued muted fundamentals in an increasingly competitive switching market," said Lehman Brothers analyst Inder Singh.
(Reporting by Jessica Hall in Philadelphia and David Lawder in Washington; Editing by Gerald E. McCormick and Tim Dobbyn)
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