TIMELINE: Conflict in Sudan's Darfur

Mon Jul 14, 2008 3:14pm EDT

Related Topics

(Reuters) - The International Criminal Court's (ICC) prosecutor on Monday charged Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, with genocide and crimes against humanity in Darfur.

Below is a chronology of some major events in the conflict in western Sudan:

February 2003 - Two rebel groups rise up, saying government neglects arid region and arms Arab militia against civilians.

April 8, 2004 - Government, Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebels agree ceasefire, later agreeing it should be monitored by foreign forces.

May 5, 2006 - Sudan's government and SLA sign new peace deal. Rival SLA faction and the smaller JEM reject the deal.

August 31 - U.N. Security Council votes to create a U.N. peacekeeping force of 26,000 U.N. troops and police in Darfur, but Sudan rejects the idea of foreign troops.

February 27, 2007 - International Criminal Court's chief prosecutor names first two war crimes suspects in Darfur. Sudan says the ICC has no jurisdiction and rejects arrest warrants.

May 29 - U.S. President George W. Bush imposes new U.S. sanctions on Sudan and asks for support for an international arms embargo to end what he calls genocide in Darfur.

Aug 1 - The U.N. Security Council authorizes 26,000 troops and police for Darfur's hybrid mission and approves the use of force to protect civilians.

Oct 27 - Darfur peace talks open in Libya and the government declares an immediate unilateral ceasefire, but key rebel groups are absent.

February 3, 2008 - Chad's President Idriss Deby survives attack on capital by rebels he says were backed by Sudan. Khartoum denies this.

May 5 - Sudanese government bombs hit primary school and market place in Darfur, killing at least 13 people in latest upsurge of violence.

May 10 - Fighting inside Khartoum. Darfur rebels say they have entered the city.

May 11 - The last of the Darfur rebel forces leave Sudan's capital after unprecedented battles in the Khartoum suburb of Omdurman.

-- Sudan accuses Chad of backing the rebels and cuts diplomatic relations. Chad denies involvement.

May 12 - JEM leader Khalil Ibrahim says he will keep launching attacks until President Bashir's government falls.

May 21 - Up to 60 heavily armed men ambush and take weapons from Nigerian troops of the joint U.N./African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) close to the capital of West Darfur, El Geneina.

May 29 - A Ugandan officer working for UNAMID is found dead in the North Darfur capital of El Fasher. The Ugandan was the first peacekeeper killed since UNAMID troops arrived.

June 5 - Luis Moreno-Ocampo, ICC prosecutor says he will seek new indictments against top officials, accusing Sudan's "entire state apparatus" of involvement in crimes in Darfur.

June 30 - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the AU chairperson appoint Djibril Yipene Bassole, Burkina Faso's foreign minister, as Darfur mediator.

July 8 - Darfur militiamen ambush and kill seven members of UNAMID and wound 22 others in North Darfur. Darfur's main rebel groups deny any involvement.

July 13 - Thousands of protesters chant anti-American slogans as they rally in Khartoum to protest against a potential arrest warrant against the president.

July 14 - Moreno-Ocampo asks the ICC for an arrest warrant for Bashir on crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur.

-- Sudan says it does not recognize the ICC indictment but pledges to continue with peace moves in Darfur.

Comments (0)
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.

Full focus