UPDATE 4-Russia punishes Mechel with enforced coal price cuts
(Adds analyst comment, share price data)
MOSCOW Aug 14 (Reuters) - Russian miner Mechel (MTL.N) must slash domestic coking coal prices and pay a "below average" fine for abusing its market position, anti-trust authorities said on Thursday, as fears of a state attack on the company subsided.
Mechel, Russia's largest producer of coal for steel makers, lost half its market value in three trading days in July after Prime Minister Vladimir Putin twice attacked its pricing policy and sparked fears of a Kremlin-backed drive to punish the firm.
Analysts said potential lost revenues of $600 million in the second half of the year, plus a fine of up to $200 million, was a small price to pay for escaping the fate of YUKOS, the once-mighty oil company destroyed by massive back tax claims.
"The chances of this most radical of outcomes has been reduced to near zero," Alfa Bank analysts said in a note.
Mechel's case has drawn special attention after Putin's public attacks erased $8 billion off the company's value and triggered a wider sell-off that dragged Russian shares to their lowest levels in nearly two years when the war in Georgia also erupted.
The Federal Anti-Monopoly Service (FAS) found Mechel guilty of abusing its dominant market position and demanded the company, owned by billionaire Igor Zyuzin, switch to long-term contracts for its coking coal supplies from 2009.
"Our demand will be for a significant reduction," FAS head Igor Artemyev told reporters, referring to Mechel's coal prices. He did not specify the level of the reduction, which Russian media have reported could be in the region of 30 percent.
In return, Mechel would receive a below average fine, Artemyev said. Its violation carries a fine of 1-15 percent of annual revenues from sales of the commodity concerned.
FAS said it would rule within 10 to 20 days on the fate of Raspadskaya (RASP.MM), Mechel's closest competitor in coking coal, and a trading unit of steel maker Evraz Group HK1q.L, which are also under investigation for alleged market abuses.
The watchdog said Mechel had been penalised because it had set discriminatory conditions for some market players and refused without justification to trade with other participants.
A Mechel spokesman said the company would refrain from commenting until it received official notification of the FAS ruling. FAS has not publicly disclosed the size of the fine.
Mechel, also Russia's sixth-largest steel maker, posted 2007 revenues of $6.7 billion. Its mining segment contributed $1.8 billion, although it has not disclosed the contribution of its coking coal mines, the amount on which any fine would be based.
Uralsib Financial Corp estimated Mechel might face a fine of between $15 million and $220 million, while Deutsche Bank forecast a fine between $20 million and $200 million.
More damaging, said analysts, would be the loss of potential revenues incurred as a result of a reduction in coal prices.
Dmitry Smolin, mining analyst at UralSib, said Mechel could miss out on $600 million in second-half revenues.
Another analyst, UniCredit Aton's Marat Gabitov, said losses in revenue could amount to $950 million for the whole of 2008.
The ruling could have knock-on effects for the entire coking coal mining sector, which has enjoyed booming prices in the last year as a global shortage combines with runaway demand.
"Mechel is the largest coking coal miner in Russia, so all other producers will be required to follow suit," said Smolin.
"The sector will become regulated by the state, and this could lead to a negative re-evaluation of the entire sector."
Mechel shares rose over 3 percent when the New York market opened, before retreating to $26.62, down 1.1 percent on the day, by 1600 GMT.
This is 27 percent below the closing price on July 23, the day before Putin launched his first public attack, but 65 percent above the low of $16.12 to which the stock plunged after his second attack on July 28. (Writing by Robin Paxton; editing by Tony Austin/Rory Channing)
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