North Korea's Kim moves to anoint youngest son as heir

SEOUL Tue Jun 2, 2009 1:44pm EDT

1 of 2. North Korean leader Kim Jong-il shows his ballot during the 12th Supreme People's Assembly in Pyongyang, April 9, 2009.

Credit: Reuters/KRT via Reuters TV

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SEOUL (Reuters) - North Korean leader Kim Jong-il has signaled the anointment of his youngest son as heir to the ruling family dynasty, South Korean media said on Tuesday as the rival Koreas built up their forces along a disputed sea border.

North Korea, whose military posturing after last week's nuclear test prompted U.S. and South Korean forces to raise the alert level, is readying mid-range missiles for test launches, the South's Yonhap news agency reported a lawmaker as saying after a defense briefing.

But in Washington, a senior U.S. official said North Korea would probably ease tensions now that the succession issue appeared to have been settled and said Pyongyang would likely return to six-party talks.

The news of possible new missile tests unsettled financial markets in Seoul, adding to worries over reports the impoverished state was preparing to test fire a long-range missile that could fly as far as U.S. territory. The main Seoul index closed slightly down.

Analysts believe that Kim Jong-il, whose power base stems from his support for the military, may be using the growing tension to give him greater leverage over power elites at home to nominate his own successor.

It has raised alarm in the region over how far Kim, 67 and thought to have suffered a stroke last year, may be prepared to take his latest military grandstanding.

North Korea has asked the country's main bodies and its overseas missions to pledge loyalty to Kim's youngest son Kim Jong-un, various South Korean media outlets quoted informed sources as saying.

"I was notified by the South Korean government of such moves and the loyalty pledges," Park Jie-won, a member of the opposition Democratic Party, said in a statement.

He declined to name his source but Yonhap said Park was among a group of lawmakers briefed on Monday night by the country's spy agency about the succession plans.

Kim Jong-un, born either in 1983 or early 1984, was educated in Switzerland and intelligence sources have said he appears to be the most capable of Kim's three known sons.

Even by North Korea's opaque standards, very little is known about the son, whose youth is a potential problem in a society that adheres closely to the importance of seniority.

"There is a significant link between North Korea's recent military provocations and succession issues," said Lee Dong-bok, an expert on the North's negotiating tactics.

STOCKPILED AMMUNITION

North Korea, which has hundreds of mid-range missiles that can hit all of South Korea and most of Japan, is readying at least three or four missiles for firing, Yonhap quoted the lawmaker as saying after a briefing with defense officials.

The missiles could include the Rodong, which has been deployed since the 1990s, and a new intermediate range missile that can fly 1,900 miles, the report said.

The missiles take little time to prepare, while it takes weeks to ready its longest-range rockets.

South Korea's Chosun Ilbo newspaper quoted a military source as saying the North had stepped up military training, stockpiled ammunition and imposed a no-sail order off its west coast waters to prepare for a possible fight with the South.

In Seoul, the navy said it was deploying a guided-missile naval vessel to the same area in the Yellow Sea, close to the disputed border that has seen two deadly clashes between the rival states in the past 10 years.

The navy rarely announces such moves and it underscores the hard line being taken toward its communist neighbor by conservative South Korean President Lee Myung-bak, who earlier in the day won support at a meeting he hosted of Southeast Asian leaders who jointly condemned last week's nuclear test.

Many analysts say the North may opt for a skirmish on the sea border as the next step as it ratchets up tension but few believe it would dare put its million-strong but poorly equipped army into direct battle with the U.S.-backed South Korean military.

The senior U.S. official said North Korea, which wants to kill off six-nation talks on its nuclear ambitions in favor of bilateral negotiations with the United States, was under pressure from allies China and Russia. The six-party negotiations also include Japan and South Korea.

"Even Russia and China, which in the past have been extremely reluctant to apply pressure to North Korea, now recognize that the North Koreans have gone too far," said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity.

At the United Nations, French Ambassador Jean-Maurice Ripert said he hoped the Security Council would be able to agree to a sanctions resolution on North Korea before the end of the week.

The foreign ministers of Russia and China, whose countries are both permanent members of the council, expressed their support for a "convincing response" to North Korea by the U.N. Security Council, the Russian foreign ministry said.

GUARDED SECRETS

The succession has been one of the most closely guarded secrets in the highly secretive North.

Yonhap quoted an informed source as saying the request for an oath of loyalty by North Korean officials to the youngest son came shortly after the nuclear test on May 25, which was hailed by the North's propaganda as a crowning achievement in Kim Jong-il's "military first" rule.

In April, Kim Jong-il put to rest any doubt about whom he sees as his second in command when he elevated his brother-in-law Jang Song-taek to a powerful military post, analysts said.

Analysts said they see the energetic and urbane Jang, 63, as the real power broker after Kim who will groom the successor. Jang, who once fell out of Kim's favor, has in recent year's been Kim's right hand man, they said.

(Additional reporting by Kim Junghyun and Jungyoun Park; and Paul Eckert in Washington; editing by Jonathan Thatcher and Eric Beech)