LONDON/ZURICH Switzerland sold its stake in UBS for 5.5 billion Swiss francs ($5.1 billion) on Thursday, making a solid profit from last year's rescue of its largest bank.
The sale of the 9 percent stake comes a day after the country agreed to reveal the names of thousands of UBS's rich U.S. clients to Washington, settling a tax-avoidance dispute that dented its prized reputation for banking secrecy.
In a sign of the legal pitfalls threatening the industry, the United States indicted a Swiss banker who worked at UBS and a Swiss lawyer on charges of helping wealthy Americans hide their assets from U.S. tax authorities.
There have been eight cases before Thursday. More could threaten Switzerland's thriving banking sector and its status as the world's largest off-shore center.
The latest indictment mentioned Neue Zuercher Bank, where the former UBS employee worked, and Julius Baer, where a UBS client was encouraged to move his account. Baer is one of several banks that have previously been mentioned as possible targets for investigation.
Swiss authorities said the sale showed UBS had found a solid footing again after becoming one of the biggest victims in the credit crisis. Analysts said the government exit could herald a recovery at the bank.
The U.S. deal "obviously helps to rebuild UBS's reputation. With that, one of the most threatening items for UBS on the way back to profitability falls away," said Rainer Skierka, analyst at Swiss bank Sarasin.
Switzerland sold 332 million shares at 16.50 Swiss francs each -- at the top end of its price range -- for a total of 5.5 billion francs ($5.16 billion), the finance ministry said, with order books oversubscribed "multiple times."
It also received 1.8 billion francs to compensate for lost interest on mandatory convertible notes, allowing it to make a 1.2 billion franc gain on its investment, a number that it said had been "conservatively rounded."
Berne made a 30 percent yield on the 6 billion francs it paid for the stake in October, part of a set of emergency measures at the height of the global financial crisis, which cost UBS its spot as the world's biggest private bank.
The stake sale was run by Credit Suisse, Morgan Stanley and UBS itself, traders said. The Swiss government paid fees of about 1.1 percent for the deal, or around 60 million Swiss francs ($56 million), according to people familiar with the deal.
Switzerland, like most other Western countries, took over part of its banking industry after the credit crisis threatened a systemic collapse. The sale means it is ahead of some others in finding an exit.
The UK and the United States still hold big stakes in major banks, while Sweden remains the largest shareholder in Nordea after it stepped in to rescue lenders in the early 1990s.
The Swiss National Bank said the government sale indicated the market was more confident in UBS, while Switzerland's financial regulator FINMA said it supported the sale since the bank now had a "stable, sound capital base."
UBS shares rose 4.5 percent to close at 17.50 francs, while the DJ Stoxx bank sector index was up 1.7 percent. The bank's U.S.-listed shares surged 9.5 percent in afternoon trading on the New York Stock Exchange.
In February, UBS agreed to pay $780 million and disclose about 250 client names to settle a criminal probe by U.S. authorities. One former UBS banker testified that he smuggled a client's diamonds in a tube of toothpaste.
"This announcement today should send a signal, no matter what institution you're with, the IRS is willing to pursue both the institution and the individual," Internal Revenue Service Commissioner Doug Shulman said on Wednesday.
Switzerland's private banks manage around $2 trillion of foreign wealth and it is home to dozens of often secretive and privately held banks for rich clients.
(Additional reporting by Katie Reid and Rupert Pretterklieber in Zurich, Steve Slater and Daisy Ku in London, Jeremy Pelofsky in Washington, Tom Brown in Miami and Anshuman Daga in Singapore, Editing by Will Waterman and Erica Billingham)
($1=1.065 Swiss Franc)