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Fed economist calls for US government MBS guarantees
* Fed economist wants asset-backed securities guaranteed
* Would avert Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac collapse, he argues
* Suggests guarantees similar to FDIC's structure
* Comments come as fate of Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac debated
By Joe Rauch
ATLANTA, Jan 3 (Reuters) - A U.S. Federal Reserve economist called on Sunday for the creation of a new federal institution to backstop losses on asset-backed securities to prevent any future collapse of mortgage finance giants Fannie Mae FNM.N and Freddie Mac FRE.N.
The government had to take over the mortgage finance companies in 2008 as a devastating financial crisis worsened. The two had been shareholder owned, but their congressional charters and Treasury lines of credit lent their debt securities a status just short of U.S. Treasuries in the eyes of investors.
"There ought to be government-backed ABS," said Fed economist Wayne Passmore in a presentation to the American Economic Association.
Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank President Dennis Lockhart participated in the session but did not make comments.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, even under government control, play a major role in U.S. mortgage finance, and President Barack Obama has promised to propose early in 2010 how the companies should be structured in the future.
Passmore and Fed economist Diana Hancock argued for the creation of an agency that would guarantee all forms of asset-backed securities. It would be capitalized by insurance premiums charged to financial institutions, much like the current Federal Deposit Insurance Corp system, Passmore said.
"It resolves the problems associated with systemic risk," Passmore said.
Fannie and Freddie, he argued, should also expand to securitize a host of new assets, like credit cards portfolios, that the private sector already handles. (Editing by Padraic Cassidy)
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