Financial crisis panel to call Greenspan, Cox

WASHINGTON Thu Jan 14, 2010 6:32pm EST

Chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Sheila Bair speaks at the Women's Conference 2009 in Long Beach, California October 27, 2009. REUTERS/Phil McCarten

Chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Sheila Bair speaks at the Women's Conference 2009 in Long Beach, California October 27, 2009.

Credit: Reuters/Phil McCarten

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. regulators admitted to failing to head off the 2008 financial crisis as they appeared before a panel whose chairman said he plans to seek testimony from former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan.

As President Barack Obama proposed slapping a special fee on banks and criticized bankers' bonuses, the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission heard regulators confess that they were lulled into inaction by soaring bank and Wall Street profits.

To learn more, commission chairman Phil Angelides said on Thursday he will seek testimony from Greenspan, current Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke and former chairmen of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including Christopher Cox.

"We'll be asking them to come before us because they were the watchers, and I will assure you, we will be as probing of the regulators who were on the scene at the time as we will be of people in the private sector," said Angelides, a former state treasurer of California.

In testimony that urged stricter oversight in future while admitting past errors, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp Chairman Sheila Bair headlined the commission's second day of hearings.

"Not only did market discipline fail to prevent the excesses of the last few years, but the regulatory system also failed in its responsibilities," she said.

When financial firms are making money, even amid questions about how they are doing it, it can be difficult for regulators "to take away the punch bowl," she told the commission created by Congress.

Obama on Thursday proposed imposing a fee of up to $117 billion on Wall Street to repay taxpayers for the government bailouts that stabilized the financial system in 2008 and 2009. He slammed bankers for massive profits and obscene bonuses.

"My commitment is to recover every single dime the American people are owed," Obama said.


The 10-member inquiry commission, in its first public hearing on Wednesday, heard a tale of misjudgments and regret from top banking executives, but got no outright apology or any new explanations for the debacle that shook world markets.

The bankers acknowledged taking on too much risk and having choked on their own financial cooking in the subprime mortgage market, but they defended their pay packages and the huge size of their businesses in the face of proposals to break them up.

The banking titans set off a media circus on Capitol Hill on Wednesday, but the regulators met with a half-empty hearing room. Discussion between them and the panel was more subdued than the sometimes combative exchanges with the bankers.

A day after Goldman Sachs' business practices were questioned by Angelides, the company went to the defense of Chief Executive Lloyd Blankfein, insisting his testimony exonerated the firm of any wrongdoing.

"Mr. Blankfein does not believe, nor did he say, that Goldman Sachs had behaved improperly in any way," the company said in a statement, charging that media reports had falsely portrayed Blankfein as admitting to improper practices.

Angelides compared Goldman's practice of creating, then betting against, certain subprime mortgage-backed securities to "selling a car with faulty brakes and then buying an insurance policy on the buyer."

In addition to Bair, the commission heard Thursday from Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Mary Schapiro, who said a program set up by the SEC in 2004 to supervise investment banks was a failure. The program was ended in September 2008.

The Consolidated Supervised Entities program, based on voluntary regulation, was inadequately staffed; over-stretched the SEC's traditional capabilities; and unwisely let firms hold lower levels of capital, she said.

"We have to conclude that that program was not successful," she said of the ill-fated attempt by the SEC to oversee global giants such as Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch and Bear Stearns.

Schapiro said the SEC is now reviewing investment bank practices in markets for subprime mortgage-backed securities and collateralized debt obligations in the real estate bubble.

State regulators criticized their federal counterparts for letting the mortgage crisis spiral out of control and for hobbling their own attempts to avert the looming disaster.

Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan told the commission on Thursday that she recalled attending a 2006 meeting with federal regulators in which she urged them to implement tougher home loan standards.

"At that time, Wall Street was still making tremendous amounts on mortgage-backed securities. The federal regulators did not share my concerns," she said.


Bair was an early critic of subprime mortgage market excesses that helped inflate a historic housing price bubble well into 2007. When it broke, the aftershocks paralyzed capital markets and panicked the Bush administration.

Multibillion-dollar taxpayer bailouts and the deepest recession since the 1930s followed, saddling President Barack Obama with profound economic challenges and a political backlash that is still far from over.

The Angelides panel is modeled after the Pecora Commission, which probed the 1929 Wall Street crash. Its findings helped lead to the creation of the SEC and other reforms. Whether the new commission will be as substantive remains to be seen.

Its work coincides with efforts in Congress to overhaul financial regulation, a process now more than a year old and in which Bair has emerged as a key innovator.

The House of Representatives last month approved a sweeping reform bill over the objections of Republicans and banks. The Senate is working on a bill. By summer, a compromise House-Senate bill could reach Obama.

(Additional reporting by Karey Wutkowski, Jeremy Pelofsky, Rachelle Younglai, Steve Eder, Alister Bull, Caren Bohan, Dan Margolies; Editing by Tim Dobbyn)

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Comments (5)
Llyndda wrote:
We really don’t need to continue to have hearings about 3-4 years after the damage is done. We could create a climate of open discourse and enforce the laws we already have.

I’m disgusted that the U.S. Government bailed the auto companies out starting decades ago. I’m disgusted that our U.S.Government gave money to bankers.

We need to stop having a double standard.

If you’re rich, you have good access to health care and to the law. You can get money from the government to keep your business in business even if you’re business is failing.

If you’re a normal person, your health care could be very spotty, your access to law fairly lame, and you will get no financial support for business regardless of how well you are doing generally.

Small businesses are the engine that runs the American economy. Yet, the paper work required by our Government for the smallest things takes to much time away from production of goods and services.

A business owner can actually make more money for his own family if he/she has fewer employees.

People in government have never had to make a payroll or meet a buyer’s deadline. Our system needs to become user friendly.

Instead of continuing to have hearings and make more laws so “this doesn’t happen again,” we need simple, straight forward laws and enforce the laws we already have.

We need to reintroduce common-sense into our lives.

A kid upstairs broke into the condo of a guy downstairs. The son in the bottom condo happened to be home, the invader heard the presence of the intruder, the intruder ran upstairs. Dogs next door to me were barking and everyone felt the skinny/grayish kid upstairs had been the intruder. The police couldn’t do anything because there was no eye witness. This intruder should be rounded up and put into treatment/jail to get his recovery process going. But, oh no. No eye witness. This is just silly. There are other ways to know something has happened and eyes can sometimes see what they expect to see or even something else.

Common sense is what we need. We used to call it horse sense.

To our government who is going to have a polite conversation with those who robbed the American people with a pen…I say pathooie! What a waste of time.

Too much talk. Too many whinners. Too many lawyers.

Too few producing goods and services.

Jan 14, 2010 7:18am EST  --  Report as abuse
muchstardude wrote:
Stagflation is the buzz word for 2010. Food and Oil are rising while the banks are sucking wind on falling home prices and the consumer is ailing from unemployment. Banks can’t lend with one arm chopped off. Http:// has the most read foreclosure story on the web today, hands down

Jan 14, 2010 8:10am EST  --  Report as abuse
fred5407 wrote:
I see some real problems here. There is a system in place to reward those businesses and people who contribute to the Democratic or Republican Party. The bottom line is that the contributors did not want regulation of the financial industry and that is what they got. We will continue to have a poor government until we have no private contributions to the parties, term limits, and government funded elections with limits on spending. It is not just the financial industry, but all industries are suffering due to poor government.

Jan 14, 2010 3:15pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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