FACTBOX-Chile copper mines, oil refineries, ports hit by quake

Sat Feb 27, 2010 6:04pm EST

 (Updates throughout)
 SANTIAGO, Feb 27 (Reuters) - Up to one-fifth of Chile's copper mine
capacity was shut on Saturday after the world's biggest producer was rocked by
a huge magnitude-8.8 earthquake, but the facilities were undamaged and expected
to resume operations quickly as power was restored.
 The nation's oil refineries appeared to be at greater risk, with its
largest plant located near the epicenter; both were forced to shut down for
further investigation. [ID:nN27177467]
 The central copper-export port of San Antonio was shut down, but the major
northern ports of Antofagasta and Mejillones were unaffected, as were
operations at the biggest copper desposits in the north.
 Following are details on the impact to energy and mining operations after
the earthquake that struck 70 miles (115 km) northeast of Concepcion and about
200 miles (320 km) south of Santiago. For a full story see: [ID:nNLDE61Q02]
 For a map showing the epicenter, click here
 State energy firm ENAP shut down both its 116,000 barrel pre day (bpd) Bio
Bio oil refinery, which is located just north of the city of Concepcion, as
well as its roughly 100,000 bpd Aconcagua refinery near the capital.
 Mining Minister Santiago Gonzalez told Reuters it would take until Sunday
to assess the damage to Bio Bio. ENAP said it would need to increase diesel
imports to meet demand. It said it had sufficient gasoline stocks to last two
weeks and diesel stocks for 10 days. [ID:nN27176503] [ID:nN27202760]
 With almost all major copper producers confirming their status after the
quake, operations at mines producing over 1 million tonnes a year -- near
one-fifth of the country's total 5.4 million tonnes last year -- had been
suspended by the quake, but they appeared undamaged.
 Officials confirmed that the two biggest mines in the far north --
Escondida and Chuquicamata -- were unaffected.
 State-run Codelco said only its El Teniente and Andina mines were impacted
because of electricity cuts after the quake, but they were otherwise undamaged.
El Teniente is the world's biggest underground copper mine with output of
404,000 tonnes in 2009.
 Gonzalez said Codelco's 435,000 tonne per year Caletones smelter had been
halted, and that it could take two days for the mines to resume production.
 A spokesman for Anglo-American (AAL.L) said it had shut its Los Bronces and
El Soldado mines, which together produce around 280,000 tonnes of copper
annually. It has been planning to expand the 238,400 tonnes per year Los
Bronces deposit, one of the world's biggest.
 Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc (FCX.N) said the quake did not damage
its two mines, but it is facing a power outage at its Candelaria mine, which
will result in a temporary shutdown. [ID:nWEN0976]
 Smaller miners reported little impact. Barrick Gold Corp (ABX.TO), Kinross
Gold Corp (K.TO) and Breakwater BWR.TO said its mines had not been affected.
Teck Resources Ltd (TCKb.TO) said the quake had not impacted its Andacollo and
Quebrada mines, though they could still be hit by power supply restrictions.
 The Chilean copper-exporting port of San Antonio is closed, Denis Yanez,
leader of a union federation representing port workers, told Reuters.
 But the key copper-exporting ports of Antofagasta and Mejillones were
operating normally, said Christian Salfate, union leader at Antofagasta.
 Here is an overview of major mines and smelters in Chile:
 Mine          Location            Operator       Output  Status  KM Dist from
 El Teniente   75km S of Santiago  Codelco        404,000  ops suspend  240
 Andina        50km NE of Santiago Codelco        210,000  ops suspend  320
 Los Bronces   65km NE of Santiago Anglo-American 235,000  shut         335
 El Soldado    132km N of Santiago Anglo-American  50,000  shut         400
 Los Pelambres 200km NE of SantiagoAntofagasta    310,000  n/a          480
 Candelaria                        FreeportMcMoRan185,000  power outage 650
 Escondida     far north           BHP Billiton   780,000  ops normal   750
 Collahuasi    far north           Xstrata/Anglo  435,000  ops normal 1,000
 Chuquicamata  far north           Codelco        565,000  ops normal 1,140
 Top smelters   Near               Operator       Capacity Status KM Dist from
 Caletones       El Teniente       Codelco        435,000  halted       250
 Potrerillos                       Codelco        195,000  ops normal   750
 Altonorte       Antofagasta Port  Xstrata        268,014  n/a          926
 Chuquicamata    Chuquicamata      Codelco        590,130  ops normal 1,140
 * Status as of 1700 GMT on Saturday from Reuters reports.
 * Output as of 2009 from Metals Production Database; Teniente/Andina output
as of 2009 from company; Bronces/Soldado output as of 2008 from company
 * Location is based on company information, public data
 * Distance best estimate using company data, Google Maps
 (Reporting by Alonso Soto and Eduardo Garcia; Additional reporting by Euan