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Bailout watchdogs slam Obama housing programs
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Obama administration housing rescue programs have been ineffective at preventing a rise in home foreclosures even as the government's support for the mortgage market grew by nearly $700 billion in the past year, U.S. bailout watchdogs said on Wednesday.
Neil Barofsky, special inspector general for the Troubled Asset Relief Program, heaped more criticism on the Treasury for its failure to adopt more realistic goals for the number of people expected to benefit from its program to modify mortgages and slash monthly payments.
"Treasury's continued indications that this is a successful program without identifying these goals and benchmarks is simply not credible," Barofsky told the U.S. Senate Finance Committee. "And I fear that the growing public suspicion that this program is an outright failure will continue unless and until Treasury adopts this recommendation and comes clean with what its goals and expectations are."
The Treasury has stated its goal for the $75 billion Home Affordable Modification Program was to cut monthly payments for 3 million to 4 million "responsible" homeowners by the end of 2012 -- excluding speculators or those who bought vacation homes.
The Treasury released figures this week showing it had assisted 1.3 million homeowners so far, but over 40 percent of them -- around 530,000 -- have dropped out of the program. In fact, more borrowers dropped out than those who achieved permanent status in June.
Barofsky and Elizabeth Warren, who chairs the bailout Congressional Oversight Panel, told lawmakers the program was doing little to provide real housing relief.
Warren, considered a leading candidate to lead the new Consumer Financial Protection Bureau signed into law by President Barack Obama on Wednesday, said the program had not kept up with the deterioration in the housing market.
"It's too small, it's too slow," she said. "The program is based on the assumption that we will pay the servicers a bribe to make a deal between the homeowner and the investor who's still holding the paper and it has not worked well."
U.S. Treasury officials defended their efforts, saying that monthly payments were permanently reduced for nearly 400,000 homeowners and the program was adapting to changing conditions by offering forbearance to unemployed people and extra funding for the hardest-hit markets.
Herbert Allison, Treasury assistant secretary for financial stability, said the mortgage modification program could not adopt specific targets for individual components because it needed to stay flexible.
"This is a dynamic crisis. It started out as a subprime crisis, it's evolved into an unemployment-driven and underwater mortgage crisis, and we've had to continually adjust. For us to say we're going to have a finite number of people in each one of these programs could constrain us from the type of flexibility we need to deal with a dynamic problem."
Barofsky, in a new quarterly oversight report, again pressed his recommendation that the Treasury consider making mortgage principal reduction mandatory instead of voluntary, saying this would do more to aid "underwater" homeowners, who owe more than their homes are worth.
The Treasury has declined to adopt the recommendation, citing the prospect that it would prompt mortgage servicing firms to opt out of the program. It also has expressed concerns about fairness, as reductions in principal would help not only "responsible" homeowners hit by value declines, but also those who overleveraged their properties in refinancings.
$3.7 TRILLION TAB
Barofsky's report also estimated that total U.S. taxpayer support for the financial system grew by $700 billion in the past year to around $3.7 trillion -- including TARP, Federal Reserve programs, asset guarantees and federal bank deposit insurance, among other commitments.
The increase was largely due to the government's pledges to supply capital to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, to buy their securities and guarantee mortgages to prop up housing, it said.
Increased guarantees for loans backed by the Federal Housing Administration, the Government National Mortgage Association and the Veterans Administration increased the government's commitments by $512.4 billion alone in the year to June 30, according to the report.
Barofsky said the overall increase was "the equivalent of a fully deployed TARP program" -- a reference to TARP's original $700 billion price tag.
The increased government commitments more than offset a decline of about $300 billion in the U.S. Treasury's TARP commitments in the past year as programs have closed and banks have repaid taxpayer funds.
The new financial reform law limits the Treasury's TARP authority to $475 billion and prevents it from taking on any new obligations. The Treasury said on Wednesday it is shrinking several programs and dropping a TARP small business lending program allocated at $30 billion.
A new overall cost estimate for TARP after repayments is expected to be issued on Friday, when the White House updates its budget forecasts. Allison said the current estimate of $105 billion was "conservative."
(Editing by Dan Grebler)
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