Obama signs bill to ease U.S. manufacturers' costs

WASHINGTON Wed Aug 11, 2010 4:16pm EDT

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WASHINGTON Aug 11 (Reuters) - President Barack Obama signed a bill on Wednesday aimed at easing costs for U.S. manufacturers by reducing tariffs on materials used to make the products they sell.

The bill is part of a "Make it in America" agenda Obama's Democrats are pushing ahead of the Nov. 2 congressional elections. Backers say the initiatives will reduce the huge U.S. trade deficit with China and other countries by bolstering American manufacturing firms.

"Our economy has fallen into the habit of buying from overseas and not selling the way it needs to but it is vitally important that we reverse that trend," Obama told an audience of businesspeople gathered at the White House for the bill signing.

Obama said the bill would make it "cheaper and easier for American manufacturers and American workers to do what they do best: build great products and sell them around the world."

The manufacturing legislation passed overwhelmingly in the U.S. Congress last month and has the support of many business groups.

The National Association Manufacturers has said it would boost U.S. manufacturing output by $4.6 billion and support about 90,000 jobs.

It would reduce or suspend tariffs on a list of raw materials and component parts no longer produced in the United States but used by American companies to make other products.

Some examples include shoe leather used by companies such as New Balance to make running shoes and some types of computer chips used to make computers.

The global financial crisis led to a major slowdown in trade, causing the U.S. trade deficit to shrink to $375 billion in 2009 from $699 billion in 2008.

As economic growth has returned, the trade gap is on the rise again.

A wave of consumer goods imported from China led to a surprising widening of the U.S. trade deficit in June, according to a report from the Commerce Department on Wednesday. The trade gap hit $49.9 billion, the highest since October 2008. (Editing by Bill Trott and Jerry Norton)

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