Stern Advice: Debit cards don't deserve their popularity

WASHINGTON Wed Dec 15, 2010 2:16pm EST

A shopper pays with his credit card in a supermarket in Nice southern France, February 25, 2008. REUTERS/Eric Gaillard

A shopper pays with his credit card in a supermarket in Nice southern France, February 25, 2008.

Credit: Reuters/Eric Gaillard

Related Topics

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Shoppers are leaving their credit cards and checkbooks (ha! remember them?) at home and using debit cards instead. But that may not be the best idea; those debit cards might be offering them fewer rewards and carrying more risks than they realize.

Debit card use continues to grow; they have outstripped credit cards and checks for years. In 2009, one in three non-cash transactions was done with a debit card, the Federal Reserve reported. In the last year, another 8 million consumers have given up their credit cards, so the 2010 numbers should show even bigger growth in debit card use.

But you won't find them in the wallets of top consumer advocates. "We are very clear on that matter. We do not recommend that people use debit cards," Beth Givens, director of the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, said. "We think they can be dangerous." Experts at the Consumer Federation of America have made similar pronouncements.

Furthermore, the Federal Reserve is expected to issue rules which could make debit cards less profitable to the banks that issue them. And that could ultimately reduce the benefits consumers get from using them.

Here's why you may want to keep that debit card at home next time you head to the mall.

* It's your checking account. It is true that banks and credit card users have offered debit card holders "zero liability" promises when their cards (or their card numbers) get stolen. But there are limits to those promises. They don't have the same legal authority as credit card protections, and may not always kick in, says Joanna Crane of the Federal Trade Commission.

Most banks do back their debit cards in the event of fraud. The bigger issue is the time it takes to resolve. Fraud investigations can take weeks or months, and during that time you aren't likely to have access to your funds.

The average debit card fraud amounted to $3,677 in 2009, and went undetected for an average of 35 days, according to data from Javelin Strategy and Research. Once detected, it took issuers an average of 24 hours to resolve; that was longer than the 20 hours it took to fix a credit card problem. Some take longer. Unless you have a big cushion in your checking account, fraud conducted with your debit card number can throw the rest of your payments into disarray.

* Disputes can get tricky. If you have a dispute with a merchant, you can take it to your credit card company and await resolution, and not pay for the item or service until the dispute is resolved. You can do the same thing with most debit cards, but you've already paid the money out of your checking account. "With a debit card, that's my money. The burden is on me to get it back from the bank," says Jim Brown, professor emeritus of the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, who has studied payment systems. "It's a burden of proof thing and that's a big deal."

* Rewards may disappear. Most cash-back cards will give you at least 1 percent back on your purchases. That used to be true of debit cards, but it is becoming less and less true. The Federal Reserve Board is expected to issue rules on Thursday, December 16, that would limit the amount of money debit card issuers could collect from merchants that take their debit cards. That's expected to cost banks millions of dollars when it kicks in next summer. "Banks have previously offered rewards programs with debit cards. You'll see them either go away in their entirety or be scaled back in terms of richness," said Samir Kothari of Billshrink, a savings and card comparison website.

* You have other options. If you qualify for a credit card and have the discipline to pay the bill in full every month, you are usually better off just using your credit card and not using your debit card. If you can't qualify for a credit card, you can get a secured credit card instead of a debit card. That may cost you some fees, but it will help you build a better credit profile while keeping your bank account balance protected.

Don't jump at the banks' latest answer for shoppers: prepaid plastic, which is gaining users. Stored value (or prepaid) cards may not carry the risks of a card linked to your checking account, but they effectively require you to spend the money even before you go shopping. Does that sound like a good deal to you?

(The Personal Finance column appears weekly. Linda Stern can be reached at linda.stern(at)thomsonreuters.com and tweets at www.twitter.com/lindastern)

(Editing by Gunna Dickson)

FILED UNDER:
We welcome comments that advance the story through relevant opinion, anecdotes, links and data. If you see a comment that you believe is irrelevant or inappropriate, you can flag it to our editors by using the report abuse links. Views expressed in the comments do not represent those of Reuters. For more information on our comment policy, see http://blogs.reuters.com/fulldisclosure/2010/09/27/toward-a-more-thoughtful-conversation-on-stories/
Comments (12)
alexoiknine wrote:
Honestly, I wouldn’t take that line from anyone, but it’s saddening to hear theoretical consumer advocates actually arguing for credit and debt. I’ve thought this trend to actually buying things from our own pocketbook has been relieving.

Debit cards might have a harder time getting around liability compared to credit cards, but it’s a lot easier to handle than cash if the card is stolen. And cash and debit are the only two things I ever want to go through again unless something’s an honest-to-god emergency, like a broken leg.

To be quite honest, I’ve become more and more of a cash person lately. Credit cards ready to take you down to the left, claims of other items trying to take you down to the right. Seems the best way to avoid leaving an electronic trail is by having a paper existence.

Dec 16, 2010 7:00am EST  --  Report as abuse
djlowballer wrote:
If cash gets stolen its gone. If your card is stolen you can cancel it immediately and at least attempt to dispute the purchases. If you are terrified of your whole savings being at risk, simply use a savings account. Transfer money as needed and you will never have a problem. Its much better to deal in cash/debit than credit.

Dec 16, 2010 7:52am EST  --  Report as abuse
daymay wrote:
Using your debit card makes complete sense. You don’t have to pay interest to use the bank’s money, you don’t have to pay a yearly fee to the credit card company, and you don’t have to pass a credit check, yet another ding on your credit report. You are spending your own money, and when you don’t have it, you don’t have it. I live on less then $700.00 monthly, I rent a room for $350.00 and somehow survive with the rest. My life isn’t perfect, but I have no debt, and have learned how to budget every penny. I have done this for many years. Disability has denied a cost of living increase for the 4th year in a row, food stamps and medical coverage has made drastic changes and reductions, and the poor are suffering more and more by the day, but I have the personal pride of knowing I am spending my own money and not being abused by my bank, as there is a small yearly fee for my card and nothing else. Who ever wrote this piece must surely work for, or be associated with the credit card industry, which is what is destroying our country, making debt another excuse to live our daily lives. If our country can’t help us get out of debt, we have to help ourselves, and spending our own money is the beginning of relieving our debt.

Dec 16, 2010 1:23pm EST  --  Report as abuse
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.

California state worker Albert Jagow (L) goes over his retirement options with Calpers Retirement Program Specialist JeanAnn Kirkpatrick at the Calpers regional office in Sacramento, California October 21, 2009. Calpers, the largest U.S. public pension fund, manages retirement benefits for more than 1.6 million people, with assets comparable in value to the entire GDP of Israel. The Calpers investment portfolio had a historic drop in value, going from a peak of $250 billion in the fall of 2007 to $167 billion in March 2009, a loss of about a third during that period. It is now around $200 billion. REUTERS/Max Whittaker   (UNITED STATES) - RTXPWOZ

How to get out of debt

Financial adviser Eric Brotman offers strategies for cutting debt from student loans and elder care -- and how to avoid money woes in the first place.  Video