FACTBOX-U.S. states in South and West gain clout from Census

WASHINGTON Tue Dec 21, 2010 3:11pm EST

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WASHINGTON Dec 21 (Reuters) - U.S. Census figures released on Tuesday showed a population shift from Democratic states in the Northeast and Midwest to conservative states in the South and West, giving the winners more seats in the House of Representatives. [ID:nN21166431]

The figures kick off the intensely partisan, once-a-decade fight over redrawing congressional lines to ensure each House district represents roughly the same number of people, as required by the U.S. Constitution.

The figures also could play a role in the 2012 White House race as the number of House seats determines each state's representation in the Electoral College, which is used to elect a president.

Here is a look at the winners and losers in the reapportionment of House seats:

WINNERS

* Texas gains four seats

* Florida gains two seats

* Washington, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Georgia and South Carolina gain one each

LOSERS

* Ohio and New York lose two each

* Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Louisiana and Massachusetts lose one each.

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