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UPDATE 5-Pakistani president vows support for embattled PM
* President backs PM Gilani after coalition partner quits
* Unclear if opposition will press for confidence vote
* Government lacks seats to ensure survival in vote
(Adds meeting of biggest opposition party, Musharraf)
By Kamran Haider and Augustine Anthony
ISLAMABAD, Jan 3 (Reuters) - Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari expressed full confidence on Monday in the country's beleaguered prime minister, who is scrambling to prevent his government from falling after a key coalition partner quit.
Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani's U.S.-backed government lost its majority in parliament on Sunday when the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) bolted to the opposition due to government fuel price policies it said were "unbearable" for Pakistanis.
Gilani's government could fall if the divided opposition decides to pursue a no-confidence vote. Zardari's backing on Monday suggested that president would not bow to any opposition pressure and push Gilani to seek a vote in parliament himself.
There has been speculation in the media that ties between the president and prime minister have grown strained, but both are from the same political party.
"(Zardari) has full confidence in Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani and solidly stands behind him in foiling any attempt to destabilise the coalition government" said the presidential spokesman in a statement.
The political upheaval comes at a time when the United States has increased pressure on Pakistan to go after Islamist militant groups to help it turn around the faltering war in Afghanistan.
It adds to the government's troubles as it battles domestic militants and struggles to meet demands by the International Monetary Fund, including over politically sensitive tax reforms, in return for an $11 billion loan.
Even before the latest setback, the government faced opposition from almost all political parties to its bid to implement a reformed general sales tax (RGST) -- a key condition for the release of a sixth IMF tranche.
Factbox on political risks to watch [nRISKPK]
Q+A on possible political outcomes [ID:nL3E7C30I4]
Q+A on the political crisis and the IMF [ID:nSGE70202G]
INSTANT VIEW on MQM move [ID:nSGE701010]
For more Pakistan stories click: [nAFPAK]
Pakistan blog: blogs.reuters.com/pakistan/
Analysts doubt that Gilani will see out his term, which ends in 2013, but the chances of the opposition being able to unite and form a new ruling alliance are slim because it is so divided.
Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif's Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N), the biggest opposition party in parliament, is expected to hold a meeting on Tuesday to decide a course of action.
It is likely to be the pivotal force in determining the government's fate, as it is the only opposition party that has the numbers to force a no-confidence vote on its own.
Following the defection of the MQM, the government is 12 seats short of the number it would need to ensure survival in a no-confidence vote.
Were it to lose such a vote, the country would hold early elections. Gilani has been scrambling to win the support of opposition leaders to save his alliance.
"From this point onward, the government will be on crutches. The no-confidence vote is a threat for it," said analyst Ahmed Bilal Mehboob.
The country's main stock index .KSE ended 1.44 percent lower, in contrast with rising stocks elsewhere in Asia, reflecting concerns over the stability of the government, traders said.
MILITARY INTERVENTION SEEN UNLIKELY
Analysts say they do not expect the military to intervene, but do not rule it out if the situation degenerates into chaos. The military has ruled Pakistan for more than half of its history.
On Monday, exiled former President Pervez Musharraf said from Dubai that the new party he launced in October, the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML), stood ready to contest early elections if they came.
The MQM said its senators had submitted a motion seeking a rollback of fuel price rises, but had not taken a decision on whether to press for a no-confidence vote on the government.
Petrol prices were raised by 9 percent on January 1, adding to inflationary pressure in a country where frustration is spreading over poverty, corruption and power cuts.
While anger over fuel prices prompted MQM to leave the coalition, it has been complaining for months that the government is not doing enough to improve security in its home base of Karachi, Pakistan's financial capital and biggest city.
The MQM pullout came after Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam (JUI), a pro-Taliban religious party, quit the coalition last month and went into opposition because Gilani sacked one of its ministers.
The party repeated its call for Gilani's resignation and said it ruled out rejoining the coalition.
"Gilani has no moral grounds to stay in power. He should step down himself instead of someone else throwing him out," said deputy party leader Abdul Ghafoor Haideri. (Additional reporting by Zeeshan Haider, Faisal Aziz, Sahar Ahmed and Rehan Sheikh; Writing by Michael Georgy; Editing by Noah Barkin) (For more Reuters coverage of Afghanistan and Pakistan, see: here)
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