Accused Nazi dies just before U.S. citizenship trial

SEATTLE Mon Jan 31, 2011 3:40pm EST

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SEATTLE (Reuters) - Accused Nazi war criminal Peter Egner, suspected of helping commit genocide as a transport guard on Auschwitz-bound death trains during World War Two, has died before he could be brought to trial next month.

Egner, 88, who had been a resident of the Silver Glen Cooperative, a retirement and assisted-living community in Bellevue, Washington, near Seattle, died there last week, according to a representative of the facility who refused to give her name.

She declined to give any details about the circumstances of his death.

Egner's lawyer, Robert Gibbs, declined to comment, as did officials for the U.S. Justice Department in Washington. But court documents filed in recent days showed that a pretrial conference on his case set for last Friday was canceled, as was a telephone conference that had been scheduled for last Wednesday.

Egner was listed by the Nazi-hunting Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles as the most wanted Nazi war criminal still known to be residing in the United States.

Efraim Zuroff, the center's Israel director and chief investigator, told Reuters by telephone that Egner was typical of many mid-level and low-level Nazi operatives "who were actively involved in the mass-murder process."

He said that hundreds of such individuals are believed to remain alive around the world, "but the chance of bringing these people to justice is not very high these days. There are very few countries seeking out Nazi war criminals."

An ethnic German born in Yugoslavia, Egner entered the United States in 1960 and became a citizen in 1966. Serbia issued an international arrest warrant for him in April last year and formally requested his extradition in November.

Egner had admitted he belonged to a despised Nazi-run security unit but denied he committed war crimes.

The U.S. Justice Department had asked the federal court to revoke his U.S. citizenship based on evidence of his role in a Nazi mobile execution unit that participated in the mass murder of more than 17,000 Serb civilians, mainly Jews, Roma and political opponents, between 1941 and 1943.

He was accused of concealing his Nazi past when he applied for U.S. immigration and naturalization.

A U.S. proceeding to consider whether to revoke his citizenship was scheduled to begin on February 22 at U.S. District Court in Seattle.

Court documents say Egner was a member of the Nazi-run security police unit known as Sicherheitsdienst, or SD, in Nazi-occupied Serbia, and served in the Belgrade Einsatzgruppe, a special mobile unit of the German extermination program.

Egner stated that he guarded four transports of prisoners, including one to the Auschwitz death camp in Poland.

"Whenever the train stopped, Egner and the other guards would get off the train and stand on either side of the car with their guns to ensure that no prisoner escaped. If one had tried to escape, Egner states he guessed he would have shot at them," according to court records.

Egner also guarded two transports of prisoners from security police headquarters to Semlin concentration camp and one to Avala, the documents said.

After settling in the United States, Egner worked for a hotel chain in the Pacific Northwest as a food and beverage manager before retiring in 1980. He married, spent years living in Portland, Oregon, and came to the Seattle area to live with family after his wife died in 2005.

(Additional reporting by Steve Gorman; Editing by Greg McCune)

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