NEW YORK/FRANKFURT (Reuters) - Deutsche Boerse is in advanced talks to buy NYSE Euronext in a deal that would create the world's largest trading powerhouse and put a bastion of American capitalism into foreign hands.
The discussions, announced on Wednesday, came only hours after the London Stock Exchange's said it had agreed to buy Canadian stock market operator TMX, marking a shake-up for an industry under intense cost pressure from upstart electronic rivals, but one that offers new opportunities after the financial crisis in on-exchange derivatives trading.
The deals sent shares in other exchanges soaring on speculation that further match-ups would follow.
"People are staking their positions today with the intention of being a survivor," said Michael Holland, chairman of New York-based money manager Holland & Co. "It may be a good time to be Darwinian."
The LSE's purchase of the Toronto stock market operator would make it the world's fourth largest and a top center for growth sectors of mining and energy, with $4.1 trillion of stock changing hands each year.
But that deal would be dwarfed by a Deutsche Boerse-NYSE Euronext merger, which would give it annual trading volume exceeding $20 trillion.
The combined group would have headquarters in New York and Frankfurt, with Deutsche Boerse shareholders holding about 60 percent of the combined company and NYSE shareholders owning the rest.
The companies said NYSE Euronext Chief Duncan Niederauer would be chief executive of the merged company and Deutsche CEO Reto Francioni would be chairman.
Deutsche Boerse and NYSE Euronext said they could cut costs by 300 million euros ($400 million) a year in a merger that European sources said should be finalized this month.
Aggressive, upstart trading venues have eaten deeply into the market shares of these traditional exchanges, forcing the Big Board, the LSE and others to invest heavily in trading technology and to look to higher-margin areas to grow.
"The smaller players have really changed the face of these larger players around the world, and so they're forced to merge," said William Karsh, former chief operating officer at Direct Edge, one of two privately run U.S. venues that took on the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq in recent years.
Shares of NYSE Euronext and Nasdaq OMX Group Inc, its chief U.S. rival, soared on Wednesday, reaching their highest levels in more than two years.
The takeovers of such national capital markets, and indeed prominent symbols of a country's business prowess, require the approval of securities regulators.
In Canada, the pact met a lukewarm response and may run into political hurdles. Early signals out of Ottawa suggested the government will not quickly approve the takeover of the Toronto Stock Exchange's parent company.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission declined to comment on the possibility of a German-based company acquiring the NYSE, which lies at the heart of Wall Street and long has been a proud symbol American finance where share trading first began under a buttonwood tree in 1792.
"That's as big as deals get," said Edward Ditmire, exchanges analyst at Macquarie. "There would be competition concerns, and a list of regulators with a purview over one or the other of these businesses as long as your arm."
MEGA MERGERS ALL OVER AGAIN
The two takeovers -- along with Singapore Exchange's planned $7.8 billion purchase of Australia's ASX -- revive a wave of international exchange mergers last seen in 2006 and 2007.
Deutsche Boerse-NYSE Euronext would become a giant with a strong grip on profitable derivatives trading. It also would be well positioned to play a bigger role in the over-the-counter swaps market as regulators press for more transparent trading venues and clearinghouses in the wake of the financial crisis.
Last week, both CEOs met in Amsterdam with lawyers, investment banks and staffers and agreed in principle on the deal and to exchange information, though no due diligence has yet been done yet, a source close to the German exchange said.
Deutsche Bank AG and JPMorgan Chase & Co are advising Deutsche Boerse on the merger, while Perella Weinberg is advising NYSE Euronext, a source said. A final deal is expected this month, other sources said.
The banks declined to comment.
Deutsche Boerse was up 8.7 percent in U.S. over-the-counter trading, while NYSE Euronext stock soared 14 percent to $38.10. LSE shares rose 9 percent after the deal was announced and TMX Group closed up C$2.57 at C$ 42.85.
Deutsche Boerse and NYSE Euronext -- rumored on and off to be in talks over the last few years -- both run stock and options markets and sell market data, and each owns a major European futures market.
European regulators could take issue with the combined company's share of the derivatives market. For instance, it would dominate trading in stock and index derivative products, which had a trading value of 115 billion euros last month, according to Federation of European Securities Exchanges data.
The two companies also are major interest rate and commodity exchanges.
"Even if an agreement is reached, difficulties remain huge," said Martin Peter, analyst at LBBW in Frankfurt. "You also have to keep in mind the cultural differences."
In the United States, experts said they doubted the NYSE takeover would face considerable antitrust concerns. It would create a major competitor for Chicago-based CME Group Inc, currently the world's largest derivatives exchange.
Speculation that further mergers would follow sent CBOE Holdings Inc shares rising 4.6 percent to $25.60.
Such options exchanges have been growing fast, while stock market trading has been moving away from traditional exchanges and toward electronic trading venues like privately held BATS.
(Additional reporting by Ludwig Burger, Philipp Halstrick and Harro ten Wolde in Frankfurt, Victoria Howley, Luke Jeffs and Sudip Kar-Gupta in London, David Ljunggren, Pav Jordan and Solarina Ho in Toronto, Paritosh Bansal, Maria Aspan, Phil Wahba and Rodrigo Campos in New York, and Ann Saphir in Chicago; additional writing by Douwe Miedema and Dan Wilchins; Editing by Andrew Callus, David Cowell, John Wallace and Steve Orlofsky)
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