U.S. presses Libya to halt crackdown and threatens action

WASHINGTON Mon Feb 21, 2011 2:10am EST

Related Video

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States on Sunday issued its strongest condemnation yet of Libya's violent crackdown on protesters, citing what it called credible reports of hundreds of deaths and injuries and threatening to take "all appropriate actions" in response.

The State Department said it had raised strong objections with Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi's government about the "use of lethal force against peaceful demonstrators" as the country has gotten caught up in a wave of unrest shaking the Middle East and North Africa.

With Washington stepping up pressure on Tripoli, one of Gaddafi's sons, Saif al-Islam, said on state television that his father would fight against the popular uprising to "the last man standing." But he also promised a dialogue on reforms and wage increases.

"We are analyzing the speech of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi to see what possibilities it contains for meaningful reform," a U.S. official said in Washington.

U.S. President Barack Obama's administration also signaled that the Libyan government might face consequences if it did not take heed of warnings to rein in its security forces and respect its citizens' right to protest.

"We are considering all appropriate actions," the U.S. official said, without specifying what kinds of measures might be at Washington's disposal.

While denouncing the Libyan crackdown on demonstrators demanding an end to Gaddafi's four-decade rule, U.S. officials have stopped short of calling for a change of government in Tripoli.

The United States would appear to have far less leverage with Gaddafi than it has exercised in recent week with close U.S. allies like Egypt and Bahrain, where autocratic leaders gave ground in the face of U.S. criticism over political rights.

LIMITED U.S. OPTIONS

Gaddafi had been reviled by the West as a supporter of militants and revolutionary movements, but in recent years he has been trying to bring his oil-rich desert nation out of international isolation.

He has left little doubt, however, of his disappointment that the West has not embraced him more. The concessions he made to end U.S. and United Nations sanctions included renouncing banned weapons programs and handing over suspects in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

Washington's few options in response to Gaddafi's protest crackdown might include reimposing some sanctions, possibly even touching on Libya's oil industry. But such moves would take time, would require a unified Western stand and could also hurt U.S. oil companies' interests.

Some Libya watchers have said the chances of an Egyptian-style nationwide revolt overthrowing Gaddafi was less likely because of his popularity in parts of the country and his ability to spread around Libya's oil wealth to smooth over social and political problems.

Despite that, Washington was paying close attention to fast-moving developments in Libya, where unrest spread to the capital Tripoli after scores of protesters were killed in the east of the country.

Obama was being briefed regularly, and his administration was seeking "clarification" from senior Libyan officials about the actions of their security forces, the U.S. official said.

Gaddafi's son said earlier that the army stood behind his father as a "leader of the battle in Tripoli" and would enforce security at any price.

But Saif al-Islam also said the General People's Congress, Libya's equivalent of a parliament, would convene on Monday to discuss a "clear" reform agenda.

"The United States is gravely concerned with disturbing reports and images coming out of Libya," State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said.

The State Department said U.S. Embassy dependents were being encouraged to leave Libya and U.S. citizens were urged to defer nonessential travel to the country.

Libya is a major energy producer with significant investment from Britain's BP, Exxon Mobil of the United States and Italy's ENI among others.

(Additional reporting by Arshad Mohammed; Editing by Jackie Frank)

We welcome comments that advance the story through relevant opinion, anecdotes, links and data. If you see a comment that you believe is irrelevant or inappropriate, you can flag it to our editors by using the report abuse links. Views expressed in the comments do not represent those of Reuters. For more information on our comment policy, see http://blogs.reuters.com/fulldisclosure/2010/09/27/toward-a-more-thoughtful-conversation-on-stories/
Comments (3)
bobw111 wrote:
P.J. Crowley continued “Libya is really being quite naughty about this. If they don’t promise to play nice we shall insist that the United Nations give them a stern talking to. If that doesn’t work we shall definitely demand a UN resolution giving Libya a ‘Time Out’.”

Feb 21, 2011 11:26am EST  --  Report as abuse
nofriction wrote:
In a Statement issued by CIA Director Leon E. Panetta, the uprising has been described as a ‘peaceful demonstration coordinated by the young and an as yet unnamed Google executive, completely unrelated to the incident in Egypt.’.

Feb 21, 2011 1:30pm EST  --  Report as abuse
Onerioi wrote:
Here’s the other headline for the day “Government shutdown threat looms over budget fight” So who is going to be pressing anyone to do anything if we can’t even have a government? Why bother to listen to the US? We certainly don’t even have our own s^$t together.

Feb 21, 2011 5:28pm EST  --  Report as abuse
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.