* Ligouri takes over as interim CEO
* Ratings have disapppointed
* Winfrey and Ligouri to seek new CEO by year end (Adds Winfrey memo, shares, byline)
NEW YORK, May 6 (Reuters) - Discovery Communications Inc (DISCA.O) and Oprah Winfrey have pushed out Christina Norman as chief executive of OWN, the Oprah Winfrey Network, after a tough start for the five-month old cable network.
Discovery Chief Operating Officer Peter Ligouri will take over from Norman on an interim basis, in addition to his current role.
OWN, which launched in the United States on Jan. 1, has struggled to win ratings in its first five months.
In a memo to staff on Friday, Winfrey thanked Norman for her hard work in getting OWN on air but said the new network had much to do.
"Given all that we have to do, the OWN board felt it was necessary that we have a different kind of leadership in place for the next phase of OWN's growth," Winfrey said in the memo, a copy of which was obtained by Reuters.
OWN, a joint venture between Discovery and Winfrey's production company, offers largely female-oriented programming with a combination of lifestyle, advice and uplifting shows.
Winfrey, regarded as the most influential woman on U.S. television, is expected to devote more energy to OWN in the coming months after the last original episode of her popular syndicated TV show, "The Oprah Winfrey Show," airs on May 25 on Walt Disney Co's (DIS.N) ABC.
Discovery CEO David Zaslav said on a conference call last month that OWN's ratings had been "below our expectations."
"We have been digging in. We are focused on what does the audience want from OWN. We are fully committed to the brand."
Discovery has said it will probably invest more in OWN in addition to the $215 million that it used to fund the joint venture through the first quarter.
Executives have said additional investment will depend on the progress of ratings through the next several quarters.
Ligouri, speaking late last month, said Discovery intended to produce about 400 hours of prime time original programming from then until the end of the year.
Winfrey said she would work with Ligouri to find a replacement for Norman over the remainder of the year.
The exit of Norman, a former MTV executive, has already sparked speculation Discovery might turn to another former MTV executive, Judy McGrath, some 24 hours after she stepped down as CEO of MTV Networks, a unit of Viacom VIAb.N.
Discovery shares closed up 1.16 percent at $44.66 on Nasdaq. (Reporting by Yinka Adegoke, editing by Gerald E. McCormick, Dave Zimmerman and Ted Kerr)