Exclusive: Justice Department probing Chinese accounting

WASHINGTON Thu Sep 29, 2011 5:26pm EDT

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Justice Department is investigating accounting irregularities at Chinese companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges, said an official with the Securities and Exchange Commission, suggesting criminal charges may be brought in addition to civil proceedings.

"There are parts of the Justice Department that are actively engaged in this area," Robert Khuzami, director of enforcement at the SEC, said in an interview on Tuesday.

He told Reuters that a number of federal prosecutors around the United States were taking part in the investigation, but he declined to name them.

Involvement of U.S. attorneys general in various locations adds investigative firepower to the SEC and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which are also probing the accounting methods of certain U.S.-listed Chinese companies.

"I think that you will see greater (Department of Justice) involvement as time goes on," Khuzami said when asked if criminal charges would be filed in the investigation.

A former federal prosecutor, he declined to elaborate on which Chinese companies or auditors were being scrutinized by the Justice Department.

An SEC review of accounting problems at foreign-based stock issuers sharpened its focus earlier this year when dozens of China-based companies began disclosing auditor resignations or book-keeping irregularities.

For example, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu CPA Ltd in May resigned as auditor of Chinese software company Longtop Financial Technologies Ltd, saying it had found falsified financial records and bank balance confirmations.

Shares of some Chinese companies listed in the United States fell on Thursday after Khuzami's statements became public. Among them, Sohu.com Inc closed 4.7 percent lower at $50.62, Baidu Inc fell 9.2 percent to $110.29, China Sky One Medical Inc declined 3.8 percent to $2.29, and Sina Corp ended down 9.7 percent at $73.23.

The SEC has struggled to gain access to documents it needs in the investigation because strict Chinese laws have made auditors reluctant to turn them over.

The FBI has an embedded agent in an SEC working group on Chinese companies that enter the stock market through so-called reverse mergers with U.S. shell companies.

Officials from the SEC and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) are due to meet with their Chinese counterparts in Washington, D.C. in October for a second round of talks on joint inspections of auditing firms in China.

"Not having proper accounting and reliable audit review for publicly traded companies with operations in China is just not acceptable. We have to find a path to resolution of this issue," Khuzami said. "It is ... a big issue for us."

Earlier in September, the SEC sought a federal court order to force the Shanghai arm of Deloitte to turn over its work papers regarding Longtop Financial.

The results of the Deloitte subpoena enforcement action will be closely watched by other auditing companies, Khuzami said. The federal government is also pursuing other options to ensure better accounting practices at U.S.-listed companies based in China, he said.

"Obviously, the results here will inform the conduct of others that are similarly situated. In that sense, it's going to be instructive," Khuzami said. "At the same time, we're not a one-trick pony; There are other efforts to reach resolution of these issues. We continue to work closely with our regulatory counterparts in China and in other countries to find a path to resolution."

In a recent interview with Reuters, Assistant Attorney General Lanny Breuer, head of the Justice Department's criminal division, underscored the government's commitment to fighting accounting fraud of any kind. He declined, however, to comment on specific cases that could be brought against Chinese firms listed in the United States.

The Justice Department declined comment for this story, saying it does not confirm or deny investigations.

In any criminal case, the question would be whether the company lied to the auditor, or whether the auditor acted recklessly or knowingly in not detecting the alleged fraud.

Merely not providing records under these circumstances -- as in the Deloitte case -- would not likely rise to the level of criminal violation, Khuzami said.

The PCAOB, the agency that oversees auditors of public companies, has inspection authority over auditing firms, while the SEC has enforcement authority over those companies.

Together, the two agencies have greater leverage over auditing firms than do criminal authorities, Khuzami said.

(Reporting by Andrea Shalal-Esa and Sarah N. Lynch; Editing by John Wallace and Tim Dobbyn)

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Comments (8)
JamVee wrote:
Some Chinese industries may think that they are exempt from the law, because they have enjoyed the safety of the Chinese government’s protective umbrella for years. Nobody dared to indict certain of the government’s “little darlings” inside China. However, they could get a wake up call, trying the same criminal practices here in the US. Our laws come down seriously on companies that “cook their books”(that is, once we figure it out, which may take a while). If they are convicted, it is too bad we can’t lure their top execs here to the US, so we could put them behind bars like some of the Enron folks.

Sep 29, 2011 1:24pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
China_Lies wrote:
Sadly, honesty and integrity play a very little part in modern day china.

Wasn’t it Deng Xiaoping that proclaimed, “it doesn’t matter if it’s a black cat or a white cat, as long as it catches mice it is a good cat.”

This quote is being interpreted by today’s chinese citizens as, “it doesn’t matter how you get rich, as long as you get rich.” Hence the currency manipulation, the protective trade barriers, the limited market access to foreigners, the economic espionage, the accounting scandals, the bribery and corruption, etc.

china is completely morally bankrupt.

Sep 29, 2011 2:28pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
Intriped wrote:
Not the honest mainland China, oh no never.

Sep 29, 2011 3:25pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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