EU climate chief: science shows Canada oil sand risk

BRUSSELS Thu Oct 27, 2011 11:20am EDT

The Shell Muskeg River Mine demonstration tailings pond in northern, Alberta in seen in this undated handout photo. REUTERS/Handout

The Shell Muskeg River Mine demonstration tailings pond in northern, Alberta in seen in this undated handout photo.

Credit: Reuters/Handout

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BRUSSELS (Reuters) - The European Commission's plans to class fuel from oil sands, including Canada's, as highly polluting are based on science and it will proceed with talks with EU member states to implement the measure, its climate commissioner said on Thursday.

Canada, which has huge deposits of the unconventional crude oil, has hit back fiercely at a European Union proposal to label oil sands as carbon-intensive, in a ranking designed to help fuel suppliers choose the most environmentally friendly option.

Canada fears the ranking could damage the market for its oil. Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver has said the Commission's proposal is based on politics, not science.

Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard denied that it is politically motivated.

"We have the knowledge and the fact that oil sands are more CO2-polluting than other kinds of fuel," Hedegaard told a conference in Brussels.

"And therefore we say it should have a specific value. It's nothing targeted against this particular fuel. We are doing that with all our different biofuels. It's the same methodology that we are applying for different things in the same directive," she said.

"And now we are discussing this also with our member states, with the Commission, which has proposed this."

The 2008 fuel quality directive assigns greenhouse gas emissions values for a range of transport fuels, most of which were dealt with by the end of last year.

After earlier lobbying by Canada delayed the process, it was only provisionally approved earlier this month that oil sands would be included in the EU's fuel quality directive.

The news on October 4 triggered another round of lobbying by Canada, which has won the support within the 27-member European Union from Britain and Eastern European states, EU sources said.

Environmental groups have strongly supported the Commission.

"Canada's plans for tar sands will put the world on track for 6 degrees of warming, way past the globally accepted limit of 2 degrees," said Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace.

"Six degrees would be game over."

The proposed ranking assigns oil sands crude a default greenhouse gas value of 107 grams of carbon per megajoule, compared with 87.5 grams for conventional oil.

Two of the other unconventional fuel sources have higher values than oil sands. They are oil shale at 131.3, found in EU-member Estonia, and coal-to-liquid at 172.

The EU has a set of 2020 goals to make its energy mix more environmental, including cutting the amount of carbon it releases by 20 percent compared with 1990 levels.

As part of that target it has agreed to reduce the carbon intensity of its transport fuels by 6 percent.

(Writing by Barbara Lewis; editing by Rex Merrifield and Anthony Barker)

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Comments (3)
SueHalina wrote:
All transportation fuels generate the same amount of CO2, regardless of the origin of the crude oil from which the fuel was refined. In addition, the mining, transportation and refining of all crude oils add a small amount of additional CO2, and that is true even for the lightest crudes. The overall CO2 generation, from well to tailpipe, varies very little amongst oils from the various sources.

Oct 27, 2011 3:46pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
Gasoline that is combusted in vehicles produces the identical amount of carbon dioxide, whatever the source of the crude from which the gasoline is refined. Oil sands bitumen yields a higher proportion of diesel than the lighter crudes, a factor that more than offsets the fact that the mining and refining of that crude is marginally more carbon-dioxide intensive than mining the lighter crudes. Policies and regulations should be based on facts, and not emotional twaddle pretending to be “science”.

Oct 27, 2011 6:35pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
seakat wrote:

Have you seen what a blight on the earth the tar sands mining is? Do you know how it is effecting the people near the mining sites? Policies and regulations should be based on how much harm they do to the environment. And while you’re at it, add in the costs of health care.

Oct 27, 2011 10:18pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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