LONDON James Murdoch, fighting for his career, held his line that he was innocent of covering up phone-hacking at the News of the World tabloid and blamed other former executives in a UK parliamentary hearing on Thursday.
But the 38-year-old News Corp executive and son of media mogul Rupert had no answer during his two-and-a-half-hour grilling to accusations he should have asked more questions, particularly when approving a huge payoff to a hacking victim.
Murdoch blamed his former editor and legal chief of misleading him and parliament, after Colin Myler and Tom Crone publicly contradicted his previous testimony to the committee of British MPs investigating the phone-hacking.
"This was the job of the new editor who had come in ... to clean things up, to make me aware of those things," said Murdoch, appearing confident under interrogation by lawmakers even when compared by MP Tom Watson to a Mafia boss.
Observers said Murdoch, who as executive chairman of News Corp's British newspaper arm News International was ultimately responsible for the now-defunct tabloid, acquitted himself well by not damaging his reputation any further.
"There was definitely no knock-out punch delivered," said Ian Whittaker, media analyst at Liberum Capital.
But his performance will have done nothing to win over those with doubts about his ability to run a large company such as News Corp, at whose helm he was until recently expected to succeed his father.
"Murdoch stood up well to two-and-a-half hours of questioning, did not concede anything of significance, but simply reinforced the two major questions that either he was not telling the truth or he was not in full control of News International," said Ivor Gaber, director of a political journalism program at London's City University.
The committee will now draw up a report of its findings, which it expects to publish by Christmas.
"Mr. Murdoch, I think, did do his best to give his full account to the committee. Clearly there are contradictions between what he said and others have told us," the committee's chairman, John Whittingdale, told reporters after the hearing.
"We are going to have to spend a long time, I suspect, deliberating before we reach decisions and conclusions. However it is plain that those two accounts we've heard -- one of them cannot be true," he said.
The News of the World was revealed this year to have run an industrial-scale operation to hack into the phones of murder victims including schoolgirl Milly Dowler as well as celebrities and politicians.
The scandal caused a wave of public anger which ultimately brought about the closure of the tabloid, shook the political establishment and saw the head of the country's largest police force resign.
Prime Minister David Cameron was also damaged by his decision to hire former News of the World editor Andy Coulson as his communications chief in 2007.
Previously, News Corp had maintained the hacking at its tabloid was the work of a lone, "rogue" royal reporter, Clive Goodman, and private detective Glenn Mulcaire.
Both went to jail for the offence in 2007.
In 2008, James Murdoch approved a payoff of about 750,000 pounds ($1.2 million) to hacking victim and soccer boss Gordon Taylor, who had in his possession an email of hacking transcripts appearing to show the hacking went beyond Goodman.
He reiterated to MPs on Thursday he had approved the unusually large payoff only because he was following legal advice, and not because he knew the so-called "for Neville" email could implicate other journalists.
"I was given sufficient information and only sufficient information to authorize the increase of the settlement offered, that Mr. Crone and Mr. Myler had already eagerly been increasing in order to achieve a settlement even before it had come across my desk," he said.
Opposition Labour Party MP Tom Watson, the toughest member of the committee, asked Murdoch: "Do you think Mr. Crone misled us?" Murdoch answered: "It follows that I do, yes."
Last week, a journalist working for sister newspaper The Sun was arrested on suspicion of bribing police. When asked, Murdoch said he could not rule out shutting down the daily tabloid, should widespread malpractice be discovered there.
Any notion that News International was a reformed organization was undermined this week by its admission that the News of the World had put lawyers defending hacking victims under surveillance as recently as this year.
James Murdoch also said that members of the parliamentary committee questioning him had been put under surveillance, for which he apologized "unreservedly."
Mark Lewis, who is representing victims including the Dowler family, told Reuters: "It's useful that I have an apology for something that shouldn't have happened."
"But we need to know what did happen, who was doing it, why were they doing it, the full extent and why they were bothering to trail my family."
Murdoch survived a massive protest vote against his membership of the board of News Corp last month, and faces a shareholder vote on his chairmanship of British satellite broadcaster BSkyB at the end of November.
Liberum's Whittaker said he expected him to remain as chair of the company he used to run and which News Corp tried to buy last year, unless new revelations intervened.
"Does he get forced out as Sky chairman? Unless something new that directly contradicts his evidence comes out, my guess would be no," he said.
James Murdoch adopted a more contrite tone than on his previous appearance before the committee together with his father Rupert in July.
"It is a matter of great regret that things went wrong at the News of the World in 2006. The company didn't come to grips with those issues fast enough," he said.
The sometimes testy Murdoch also failed to rise to the bait when Watson compared him to a Mafia boss, responding mildly: "Mr. Watson, please, I think that's inappropriate."