Libya's NTC unveils new government line-up

TRIPOLI Tue Nov 22, 2011 2:28pm EST

Delegates sing the national anthem during the first General Conference of the National Army in Benghazi November 20, 2011. REUTERS/Esam Al-Fetori

Delegates sing the national anthem during the first General Conference of the National Army in Benghazi November 20, 2011.

Credit: Reuters/Esam Al-Fetori

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TRIPOLI (Reuters) - Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC) named a new government Tuesday with a line-up that dropped several seasoned officials in favor of appointees who will soothe rivalries between regional factions.

On a visit to Tripoli, the International Criminal Court's chief prosecutor conceded that the captured son of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam, may be tried in Libya rather than in The Hague, meaning he faces the death penalty if convicted.

The NTC faced the tricky task of forming a government which would reconcile regional and ideological interests whose rivalry threatens to upset the country's fragile stability, three months after the end of Gaddafi's 42-year rule.

"All of Libya is represented," Prime Minister Abdurrahim El-Keib told a news conference as he unveiled the line-up. "It is hard to say that any area is not represented."

Western countries, which backed the revolt against Gaddafi and have a big stake in seeing his replacements succeed, welcomed the new government, saying it would guide the oil exporting country toward democracy.

The NTC's choices to fill ministerial posts appeared to have put regional affiliation ahead of experience or a track record.

Foreign diplomats had been expecting the foreign minister's job to go to Libya's deputy envoy to the United Nations, Ibrahim Dabbashi.

A respected diplomat, he had rallied other Libyan officials to turn against Gaddafi soon after the revolt erupted against his rule.

Instead, the job was given to Ashour Bin Hayal, a little-known diplomat from the eastern city of Derna, a long-standing anti-Gaddafi stronghold.

"Until the prime minister made his announcement, every diplomat in Tripoli was expecting Dabbashi as foreign minister. It's a big surprise," said one diplomat. "We don't know him (Bin Hayal) at all. We are trying to find out where he is."

Ali Tarhouni, a U.S. academic who returned from exile to manage the oil and finance portfolios in the rebellion against Gaddafi, had no role in the new government.

Hassan Ziglam, an oil industry executive, was named as finance minister, and Abdulrahman Ben Yezza, a former executive with Italian oil major ENI, was made oil minister.

The new cabinet will include as defense minister Osama Al-Juwali, commander of the military council in the town of Zintan.

Juwali appeared to have staked his claim to the job after his forces captured Saif al-Islam at the weekend and flew him to their hometown, instead of transferring him to the capital.

A spokeswoman for the European Union's foreign policy chief, Catherine Ashton, said after the Cabinet was named that the EU was "confident that the interim leadership now in place will enable the country to embark on the political transition ahead."

In a symbolic step for Libya, a deeply conservative Muslim society, the cabinet included two women, heading the ministries of health and social affairs. El-Keib said those appointments showed women enjoyed more equality than ever before.

Absent from any strategic jobs in the government were the Islamists who were persecuted under Gaddafi but have been gaining in power since his downfall. Their rise has worried secularist Libyans, and some neighboring countries.

LIBYAN PROSECUTION

A month after Muammar Gaddafi was captured and killed, Libya is wrestling with the task of building new institutions out of the wreckage of his one-man rule, when corruption was rampant and state institutions were left to decay.

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the last of the former Libyan leader's sons whose whereabouts were still unknown, was captured Saturday in an ambush deep in the Sahara desert.

An NTC official called his arrest "the last chapter in the Libyan drama."

The Hague-based ICC has indicted Saif al-Islam for crimes against humanity, but chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo said on a visit to Tripoli that Saif al-Islam could be tried inside Libya as long as the trial complies with ICC standards.

"Saif is captured so we are here to ensure cooperation. Now in May, we requested an arrest warrant because Libyans could not do justice in Libya. Now as Libyans are decided to do justice, they could do justice and we'll help them to do it, so that is the system," he told reporters on his arrival in Tripoli.

"Our International Criminal Court acts when the national system cannot act. They have decided to do it and that is why we are here to learn and to understand what they are doing and to cooperate."

Libyan officials have promised a fair trial but the country still has the death penalty on its books, whereas the severest punishment the ICC can impose is life imprisonment.

"The law says the primacy is for the national system. If they prosecute the case here, we will discuss with them how to inform the judges and they can do it. But our judges have to be involved," said Moreno-Ocampo.

An official in Zintan told Reuters steps were already underway for Saif al-Islam's prosecution. "A Libyan prosecutor met with Saif (on Monday) to conduct a preliminary investigation," said Ahmed Ammar.

(Additional reporting by Marie-Louise Gumuchian in Tripoli, Alastair Macdonald in Cairo, and Oliver Holmes in Zintan; Writing by Christian Lowe; Editing by)

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Comments (3)
cris_PT wrote:
If the ICC is minimally involved (as they seem to be demanding) in the trial against Saif al-Islam in Libya then the ICC will never allow his execution if he is found guilty because it is against the principles of the charter the ICC guides itself by. The media is just dramatizing the situation.

Of course, even if Saif is innocent, the NTC and their foreign masters will surely be lining up “witnesses” to find him guilty one way or another.

And if the NTC has not even charged him with anything yet, under what grounds are they holding him prisoner, parading him on videos in front of kalashnikov-clad thugs, or questioning him without a defense team present?

Is this why Moreno-Ocampo declined to meet with Saif al-Islam today? Indeed, it would look a tad bit dodgy for the chief prosecutor of the ICC to be witness to this defendant’s fundamental rights being denied already.

Nov 22, 2011 9:53am EST  --  Report as abuse
dingodoggie wrote:
The policy to include politicians from various regions to balance the government is a very good sign. The German government has followed this policy successfully, painstakingly balancing between the states, the two major denominations (Protestant and Catholic) and, more currently, between men, women and other orientations. Seems to work. We had no major civil war incident since 1949.

I only wonder if the setup is also balanced between dog lovers and people preferring cats. Need to inquire on that.

Nov 22, 2011 4:26pm EST  --  Report as abuse
ChrisJay wrote:
I have been following this news on Libya on TruthTube.com. If the NTC is successful I believe it would cause a paradigm shift in the Arab world. With all the unrest in Egypt, Syria and now slowly occurring ion Jordan, Arab leaders are looking for a political modality that can succeed. While I still think it will take months for the different Libyan fractions to come together, this does provide some hope.

Nov 22, 2011 6:33pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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