Turkey's Erdogan attacks France on genocide law

PARIS/ANKARA Tue Jan 24, 2012 7:35am EST

Franco-Turkish protesters demonstrate near the Senate in Paris, January 23, 2012, ahead of a vote on a bill to make it illegal to deny the mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks nearly a century ago was genocide, raising the prospect of a major diplomatic rift between two NATO allies. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol

Franco-Turkish protesters demonstrate near the Senate in Paris, January 23, 2012, ahead of a vote on a bill to make it illegal to deny the mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks nearly a century ago was genocide, raising the prospect of a major diplomatic rift between two NATO allies.

Credit: Reuters/Pascal Rossignol

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PARIS/ANKARA (Reuters) - Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan attacked the French parliament on Tuesday for passing a "discriminatory and racist" bill which makes it illegal to deny that the mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks nearly a century ago was genocide.

However, Erdogan said there was still hope that NATO ally France "would correct its mistake" and that any retaliatory measures would be held back, depending on French actions.

The French Senate approved the draft law on Monday, which the lower house also backed in December, prompting a furious response from Ankara.

"We will not allow anyone to gain political benefit at the expense of Turkey; the bill which was passed in France is clearly discriminatory, racist," Erdogan said.

"We will adopt a rational and dignified stance, we will implement our measures step by step. Right now we are still in a period of patience," he told his AK Party's deputies in the Turkish parliament.

The bill now goes to President Nicolas Sarkozy to be ratified. Turkey accuses Sarkozy of trying to win the votes of 500,000 ethnic Armenians in France in the two-round presidential vote on April 22 and May 6.

As Erdogan spoke, a couple of hundred protesters gathered outside the French embassy in Ankara and consulate in Istanbul.

Many Turks see the bill as an insult to their nation, a travesty of history and an infringement on free speech.

French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe, who was personally against the move, said the new law was "ill-timed", but called on Ankara to remain calm.

"We need good relations with it and we need to get through this excessive phase," Juppe said on Canal+ television. "We have very important economic and trade ties. I hope the reality of the situation will not be usurped by emotions."

Some Turkish newspapers listed possible measures that Ankara might take against France.

These included the recall of its ambassador from Paris and telling the French ambassador to go home, reducing diplomatic ties to charge d'affaires level, and closing Turkish airspace and waters to French military aircraft and vessels.

Speaking shortly before Monday's Senate vote, Erdogan said the issue of future official visits to France would be thrown into uncertainty if it passed the bill.

French firms stand to lose out in bids for defense contracts and other mega-projects such as nuclear power stations.

Turkey could also seek to trumpet allegations that French actions in Algeria in the 1950s and 1960s were also tantamount to a genocide.


Morning headlines in Turkish newspapers were anything but calm. "A guillotine to free thought" said Star, while Aksam described the French move as "A guillotine to history".

"Shame on France" cried the Vatan daily. While Sozcu, a small newspaper that usually directs its scorn at Erdogan, found a new target with "Satan Sarkozy".

The mayor of Ankara has spoken of renaming the street where the French embassy is located to Algeria Street and erecting a memorial to Algerian victims of French colonial oppression in front of the embassy.

When the lower house backed the bill in December, Ankara cancelled all economic, political and military meetings with Paris and briefly recalled its ambassador for consultations.

Sarkozy is expected to ratify the bill before parliament is suspended in February before the presidential election.

However, it could still be rejected if about 60 lawmakers agree to appeal the decision at France's highest court and this body considers the text unconstitutional. The Constitutional Council would have one month to make its decision.

Analysts believe Turkey might delay announcing measures to see how Sarkozy handles the process.

Turkey's ambassador in Paris, Tahsin Burcuoglu, said the vote would lead to a "total rupture" of relations between the two countries and Ankara could seek to downgrade its diplomatic presence in the French capital.

Turkey cannot impose economic sanctions on France, given its membership of the World Trade Organisation and its customs union accord with Europe, but French firms could lose out on state-to-state-contracts, notably in the defense sector.

France is Turkey's fifth biggest export market and sixth biggest supplier of imports of goods and services, and bilateral trade was $13.5 billion in the first 10 months of last year.

Armenia, backed by many historians and parliaments, says about 1.5 million Christian Armenians were killed in what is now eastern Turkey during World War One in a deliberate policy of genocide ordered by the Ottoman government.

The Ottoman empire was dissolved after the end of the war, but Turkish governments and most Turks feel the charge of genocide is an insult to their nation. Ankara argues there was heavy loss of life on both sides during fighting in the area.

The influential Armenian diaspora in France and the United States has relentlessly lobbied for international support to bring Turkey to account over the mass killings.

Their success in France will encourage those in the United States to try harder in their annual efforts to get Washington to call what happened a genocide.

U.S. presidents have so far ensured that those efforts have been blocked to avoid alienating Turkey, an important regional ally. However, President Barack Obama faces re-election this year and could come under more pressure from the Armenian lobby, analysts say.

Some ethnic Armenians in Turkey saw the French move as unhelpful, while saying wounds needed to be healed.

"This only will provide more grounds to nationalism and reactions in Turkey," said Robert Koptas, editor of Agos, a Turkish-Armenian newspaper.

"I do not think the Turkish state will change its attitude," said Koptas, a son-in-law of Hrant Dink, a prominent Turkish-Armenian journalist who was murdered in 2007 who had angered nationalists with his articles on Armenian identity.

(Reporting By John Irish in Paris and Tulay Karadeniz and Jonathon Burch in Ankara; Writing by Simon Cameron-Moore; editing by David Stamp)

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Comments (10)
Seanchans wrote:
Several things seem odd to me about this issue. One of the arguments against recognizing the genocide is that it might affect trade with Turkey. And a vast majority of Turks feel that the word “genocide” is an insult to them. Do you think the 1.5 million Armenians who were murdered felt insulted? Since when is economic benefits more important than acknowledging the deaths of men, women, and children… that your ancestors were responsible for doing? What is the life of a person worth? How about the price for 1.5 million people? Turkey should admit the wrong they did in 1915 and stop hiding behind empty threats about diplomatic relations. A country that is not responsible enough to admit it’s mistakes is a country that is not yet ready to enter the EU, let alone any other credible interaction among countries. It is a fact of history that Turkey attempted to destroy an entire culture. One third of all Armenians at that time were murdered – sounds like genocide to me.

Jan 24, 2012 6:00am EST  --  Report as abuse
DrCruel wrote:
The Religion of Peace yet again uses threats to silence the truth.

Well, they can get as mad as they want about it – in Turkey. If they try their antics in France they’ll be arrested, jailed then deported at the end of their sentence. They should be thankful the French don’t behave like Ottoman barbarians, because if they did the punishment would be much worse.

Jan 24, 2012 6:28am EST  --  Report as abuse
NinoBookman wrote:
Can’t both sides agree that the period and actions of that time should be condemned by both sides? This is one of the most ridiculous issues I have ever heard of. And why pass a law that really is not enforceable in any way? If a person wants to deny the actions they can and will. Aren’t there more important issues to freak out about? Insanity is alive and well…unfortunately.

Jan 24, 2012 6:33am EST  --  Report as abuse
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