Global business groups warn India over new tax plan

MUMBAI/NEW DELHI Mon Apr 2, 2012 12:41pm EDT

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh attends a joint news conference with European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso and European Council President Herman Van Rompuy at the EU-India summit in New Delhi February 10, 2012. REUTERS/B Mathur

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh attends a joint news conference with European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso and European Council President Herman Van Rompuy at the EU-India summit in New Delhi February 10, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/B Mathur

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MUMBAI/NEW DELHI (Reuters) - International trade groups representing more than 250,000 companies have told Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh in a letter that his government's new retrospective tax proposals have led foreign businesses to reconsider their investments in the country.

India's federal budget last month outlined a proposal to enable the tax authorities to make retroactive claims on overseas corporate deals and bring in new anti-avoidance measures, moves that have been criticized for further denting investor sentiment.

On Monday the UK's finance minister George Osborne also raised his concerns over the issue with his Indian counterpart.

The letter from seven foreign business groups delivers the broadest criticism yet made by the overseas business community of an Indian government that has failed to enact economic reforms to spur investment and revive growth.

"The sudden and unprecedented move (on tax) ... has undermined confidence in the policies of the Government of India towards foreign investment and taxation and has called into question the very rule of law, due process, and fair treatment in India," the groups said in the March 29 missive to Singh.

"This is now prompting a widespread reconsideration of the costs and benefits of investing in India," continued the letter, signed by bodies including the U.S.-based Business Roundtable, the Confederation of British Industry, the Japan Foreign Trade Council and Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters.

The Business Roundtable is chaired by Boeing's chief executive, James McNerney, and represents companies with more than $6 trillion in revenues.

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Full trade association letter: r.reuters.com/cuq47s

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India's reputation among global investors has taken a beating over the past year as the government has lurched from crisis to crisis, including a botched attempt to allow foreign supermarkets into the country and a long-running stand-off with South Korea's POSCO over a $12 billion steel plant.

Sluggish investment is partly to blame for slowing growth in Asia's third-largest economy, which grew an annual 6.1 percent in the December quarter, the weakest in nearly three years.

INCREASING UNCERTAINTY

More recently a long-running tax struggle between London-listed Vodafone Group Plc, India's largest overseas investor, and the Indian government has come to symbolize the perils facing foreign investors in the country.

Vodafone won a five-year legal battle in January when India's Supreme Court dismissed a demand made by the Indian authorities for a $2.2 billion capital gains withholding tax on the British company's acquisition of Hutchison Whampoa Ltd's Indian mobile assets in 2007.

That ruling was hailed by business groups as a victory for clarity in the country's investment climate, which has suffered due to policy paralysis, regulatory uncertainty and widespread corruption allegations against the government.

But the proposal in the recent budget to retroactively impose a capital gains tax on merger and acquisition deals conducted overseas where the underlying asset is located in India would amend 50-year-old-tax laws and allow New Delhi to pursue taxes on long-concluded transactions.

"We are concerned about the proposed budget measure," Osborne told reporters after his closed meeting with Mukherjee.

"Not just because of its impact on one company, Vodafone, but because we think it might damage the overall climate for investment in India."

"What India needs, like all countries, is a stable and predictable tax system to encourage investments, and we have concerns that this budget proposal would not add to that," Osborne said, adding he had raised his concern with Mukherjee.

Parliament is expected to consider the new tax proposals during the last week of April.

The proposals, if written into law, could also affect Kraft Foods Inc' s 2010 acquisition of Cadbury's Indian business and deals involving Indian assets sold by AT&T Inc and SABMiller Plc's purchase of Fosters.

"Some of our member companies had already begun re-evaluating their investments in India due to increasing levels of controversy and uncertainty regarding taxation in recent years," the collective letter to Singh said.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) in India stood at $35.3 billion in the first nine months of the 2011-12 fiscal year, powered by two multi-billion-dollar energy deals, more than the $32.9 billion registered in the 12 months to March 2011, according to data from the Reserve Bank of India.

India needs increasing FDI and foreign institutional inflows to offset a rising trade deficit, which is likely to have hit $175 to $180 billion in the year that ended in March.

"India will lose significant ground as a destination for international investment if it fails to align itself with policy and practice around the world," the letter said.

TURMOIL IN TELECOMS

Vodafone said on March 30 it was considering a number of actions after the budget proposal, which it described as "grossly unjust".

In a March 26 letter to Singh, Vodafone's chief executive Vittorio Colao said the budget proposal contained "extraordinary retrospective provisions, going back 50 years and removing the protection of the courts from investors".

"Arbitrary and punitive retrospective treatment of one of India's most prominent long-term foreign investors by the tax authorities could only tarnish the image of India as a destination for inward investment," he wrote in the letter, a copy of which was seen by Reuters.

Confusion already reigns in India's telecoms market since the Supreme Court last month ordered all 122 mobile network licenses awarded in a scandal-tainted 2008 sale be revoked.

As a result Abu Dhabi's Etisalat has already announced the winding down of its Indian operations. Meanwhile Norway's Telenor has been embroiled in a dispute with its Indian partner, Unitech Ltd, and has said it would seek to move the business to a fresh venture with a new partner.

(Additional reporting by Devidutta Tripathy and Rajesh Kumar Singh in New Delhi; Editing by Tony Munroe and Greg Mahlich)

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Comments (4)
Gen wrote:
What are the facts about the tax? What type of tax and how much? It is not surprising that multinational corporations would write a letter to keep their favorable tax treatments….but what is the fairness of the tax?

Apr 02, 2012 4:50am EDT  --  Report as abuse
Gen wrote:
What are the facts about the tax? What type of tax and how much? It is not surprising that multinational corporations would write a letter to keep their favorable tax treatments….but what is the fairness of the tax?

Apr 02, 2012 4:50am EDT  --  Report as abuse
John2244 wrote:
Tax is neither fair nor unfair. Its a fact which companies need to use to decide how to invest in other countries. One thing stable development needs is consistency and accepted norms in rule of the law.

If you take consistency, if a company like POSCO works in partnership with the local authorities and then the tax regime is specifically changed after the deal to target one mega-deal – that is not accepted as normal.

If you take accepted norms, then it is not normal to retroactively ask for corporate tax from 1976 by changing a rule.

Multi-nationals should not complain too much about high tax rates and such – these are business decisions. There are many high tax countries that multi-nationals go to. What they are complaining about is changing rules.

If you take Ireland, they put in a low corporate tax rate and many companies opened operations there. Now after a huge debt crisis they may change the system. But it is OK to do this when successive governments honored the initial lure and kept the low tax regime in place for 20+ years. Companies came, adapted and have become part of the Irish landscape. But if the Irish had changed the rate the year after Intel, Microsoft or others came – then that would impact corporate views on if Ireland genuinely wants to grow its economy and generate tax off multipliers or just want to lure a company and tax them.

India’s new tax law is completely wrong. They could make a lot more money if they just collected a few rupees tax from the 100′s of millions of citizens that dont pay.

Apr 02, 2012 6:05am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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