Wall Street Week Ahead: Will earnings spark further declines?

NEW YORK Fri Apr 6, 2012 10:10am EDT

The Wall Street sign is seen outside the New York Stock Exchange, March 26, 2009. REUTERS/Chip East

The Wall Street sign is seen outside the New York Stock Exchange, March 26, 2009.

Credit: Reuters/Chip East

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Since October, estimates for first-quarter earnings growth have tumbled while the S&P 500 has surged. With the earnings season starting next week, the outlook is not as sunny as in previous quarters.

Investors will assess whether slower growth is priced into the U.S. stock market, or if the S&P 500's retreat from Monday's four-year high is the start of a larger decline - if results disappoint.

After the S&P 500's rise of about 30 percent since October, there is concern that buying interest is not strong enough to drive further gains, particularly after soft March U.S. employment figures were released on Friday.

"It seems like we're hitting resistance," said Jack Ablin, chief investment officer of Harris Private Bank in Chicago. "I think the market will grind higher, but it will be at a much slower pace. Earnings and jobs aren't helping."

Friday's nonfarm payrolls report was a disappointment, with just 120,000 jobs added in March, short of expectations for a gain of 203,000 jobs. Stock futures fell 1 percent in a shortened session, with the cash market closed entirely.

Fund managers will look for earnings to offer insight into how companies are faring amid mixed economic indicators and a resurgence of concerns about Europe. Strong results could extend the multi-month rally while weak ones could provide a catalyst for further declines.

"If management commentary indicates that business is holding up despite the apparent slowing of European economies, that would be very encouraging for stocks," said John Carey, portfolio manager at Pioneer Investment Management in Boston, who helps oversee about $260 billion.

"On the other hand, if orders are dropping or consumer spending doesn't appear sustainable, that could lead to some downward pricing action and earnings revisions."


The latest trends haven't been encouraging. Analysts have trimmed estimates, management teams have grown more cautious, and overall growth rates have fallen sharply.

S&P 500 companies' earnings are seen rising 3.2 percent in the first quarter, according to Thomson Reuters data, compared with growth of 9.2 percent in the fourth quarter and a jump of almost 19 percent in the first quarter of 2011 over the year-ago period.

Analysts have been cutting estimates steadily in the last few months, but the ratio of cuts to increases leveled off in March, Bank of America-Merrill Lynch wrote in a recent note. That indicates "analysts are still cutting estimates, but at a decreasing rate."

Bank of America-Merrill Lynch also pointed out that corporate management teams were becoming more cautious relative to expectations as well. Overall, data from StarMine, a unit of Thomson Reuters, shows most sectors with declining estimates, particularly materials and telecom stocks.

"We feel it is too early to switch to a positive short-term signal, given worrisome trends in guidance and sales revisions," Bank of America-Merrill Lynch wrote to clients.

SanDisk Corp (SNDK.O) warned on Tuesday that weak demand would hurt its revenue and margins, an outlook that sparked a steep dive in the flash-memory maker's stock and hurt chip makers.

On the positive side, Bed Bath & Beyond (BBBY.O) posted better-than-expected results late Wednesday, driving its stock to an all-time high on Thursday.

Alcoa Inc (AA.N) will mark the start of the earnings season with results after the closing bell on Tuesday. Google Inc (GOOG.O), JPMorgan Chase & Co (JPM.N) and Wells Fargo & Co (WFC.N) are all slated to report later in the week.

Over the last several weeks, growth estimates have dropped markedly even as economic data has generally shown improved U.S. demand and the equity market has rallied.

On the first of October, first-quarter earnings were seen growing more than 10 percent. While estimates have dropped by more than two-thirds since then, the S&P 500 has climbed 27 percent, raising the question of whether the slowing growth has been priced into the market.

Tobias Levkovich, chief U.S. equity strategist at Citigroup, wrote that the season "may generate the next obstacle for investors," saying they had become "too accustomed" to upside surprises.


The second quarter got off to a weak start. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index .SPX ended the quarter's first week with a loss of 0.7 percent - its worst weekly performance since December. That was in sharp contrast to the rally on Monday - the quarter's first trading day - when the S&P 500 ended at 1,418.90, its highest close since mid-May 2008.

At Thursday's close, the Dow Jones industrial average .DJI was down 1.2 percent for the week, while the Nasdaq Composite Index .IXIC was down 0.4 percent.

It is possible that analysts have become too pessimistic.

Warnings have dominated the pre-earnings season. Of the 121 pre-announcements, 68 percent are negative ones, compared with 58 percent in the first quarter a year ago.

"The reduced expectations leave more room for upside surprises," said Michael Mullaney, a portfolio manager who helps manage $9.5 billion at Fiduciary Trust Co in Boston.

However, there is still concern that the recent burst of economic growth will prove transitory - and that demand will sag after a warmer-than-usual winter in the United States.

"Earnings are expected to be weak this quarter, and if you strip out Apple Inc (AAPL.O), the picture is even worse. That could be a big headwind, especially at a time when the macro environment is less than friendly."

(Wall St Week Ahead runs every Friday. Questions or comments on this column can be emailed to: ryan.vlastelica(at)thomsonreuters.com)

(Additional reporting by David Gaffen; Editing by Jan Paschal)

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Comments (4)
Troubador wrote:
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Apr 06, 2012 1:03am EDT  --  Report as abuse
jcfl wrote:
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Apr 06, 2012 6:19am EDT  --  Report as abuse
gAnton wrote:
I saw a video today where one of the better known economists said that there would be an economic recovery, but only after a 1930′s type depression in the near term future. I think he’s got it right about the depression part, but I think that Niall Ferguson (author of the recently published book “Civilization \ The West And The Rest”) is absolutely right about the about the inevitable and final termination of the US empire and the decline and fall of Western nation economies and society in general. So let Bernanke print money with abandon and let Obama, et al fabricate an Alice In Wonderland economy based on economic statistics and definitions the only purpose of which is to obscure the current economic reality. Let them enjoy it while the can, because it will soon be all over!

Apr 06, 2012 10:31pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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California state worker Albert Jagow (L) goes over his retirement options with Calpers Retirement Program Specialist JeanAnn Kirkpatrick at the Calpers regional office in Sacramento, California October 21, 2009. Calpers, the largest U.S. public pension fund, manages retirement benefits for more than 1.6 million people, with assets comparable in value to the entire GDP of Israel. The Calpers investment portfolio had a historic drop in value, going from a peak of $250 billion in the fall of 2007 to $167 billion in March 2009, a loss of about a third during that period. It is now around $200 billion. REUTERS/Max Whittaker   (UNITED STATES) - RTXPWOZ

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