Bosnia opens trial of Muslims for war crimes

SARAJEVO Thu Apr 19, 2012 1:32pm EDT

A child puts flowers on one of the 11,541 red chairs along Titova street in Sarajevo, as the city marks the 20th anniversary of the start of the Bosnian war, April 6, 2012. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic

A child puts flowers on one of the 11,541 red chairs along Titova street in Sarajevo, as the city marks the 20th anniversary of the start of the Bosnian war, April 6, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Dado Ruvic

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SARAJEVO (Reuters) - Eight Bosnian Muslim wartime officials went on trial on Thursday accused of the torture and abuse of Serbs in detention camps near the Serb-besieged capital Sarajevo, 20 years after the start of the 1992-95 war.

Few cases have been opened against Muslim officials since the war, fueling Serb accusations against the Sarajevo authorities of practicing selective justice.

In the latest case, camp guards and local officials are accused of crimes committed in three detention camps in the Sarajevo suburb of Hadzici during the 43-month siege of the city by Bosnian Serb forces on the hilltops.

Prosecutor Marjan Pogacnik said four prisoners died in the camps.

"The detainees there were taken into hallways and beaten or forced to beat each other by guards and other individuals until they fainted," Pogacnik said. "They were denied medical assistance or access to international humanitarian agencies."

Some 11,500 people died in the siege of Sarajevo, while Bosnian Serb forces seized large parts of the country and cleansed them of non-Serbs after Muslims and Croats voted for independence from socialist Yugoslavia.

The vast majority of the 100,000 people killed in the war were Muslims, but war crimes were also committed by Bosnian Muslim and Croat forces.

Pogacnik said defendants Mustafa Djelilovic, the former head of the nearby Hadzici local assembly, and Fadil Covic, the former police chief in the neighborhood, were aware of the inhumane conditions at the camps but failed to act or move the prisoners. The six other accused were guards at the camps.

The Bosnian court was opened in 2005 to prosecute low- and mid-ranking war crime cases and ease the burden on the Hague-based war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which focuses on top war crimes indictees such as Bosnian Serb wartime leader Radovan Karadzic and his military chief Ratko Mladic.

(Reporting By Maja Zuvela)

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Comments (2)
KenH wrote:
I have wondered how the Serbs had been so atrocious and yet the Muslims had not. Now that it comes out that they, too, were guilty of war crimes, it makes more sense.

Apr 19, 2012 3:29pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
iko wrote:
Ken H, the issue is one of scale- it is to with the numbers and the timing of the events. Put things into a broader context and it is not surprising that there were such acts, it is surprising there were not more of such, considering what was being executed there by the Bos Serb nationalists and their masters in Serbia and the environment of desperation and fear that it created. This is not to condone such acts- they were as criminal as those perpetrated by the Bos Serbs.

The first 9 months of the conflict was an orchestrated blood bath by separatist Serbs, most of the civilian casualties occurred then, the overwhelming majority of which were Bos Moslems, culminating in the Srebrenica massacres. The psychosis of war is one thing but the calculated extermination and ‘cleansing’ of the lands of unwanted occupants is quite another. Murder is always about motivation and execution.

Apr 20, 2012 10:12am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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