IMF presses Europe to contain debt crisis

WASHINGTON Sat Apr 21, 2012 5:22pm EDT

1 of 9. (L - R) Bank of England Governor Mervyn King, Britain's Finance Minister George Osborne and U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke attend the G20 meeting during the spring International Monetary Fund (IMF)-World Bank meetings in Washington April 20, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Yuri Gripas

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Europe was pressed by other world powers on Saturday to take strong measures to fix its debt-heavy economy and restore growth to a level that would lift the cloud hanging over the fragile global recovery.

A day after top economies agreed to lend more money to the International Monetary Fund to help contain Europe's debt crisis, the IMF's governing panel said the euro area must cut government debt burdens, make bold economic reforms and stabilize its financial systems to restore growth.

Debt problems will resurface unless these steps are taken, the head of the IMF's governing panel, Singapore Finance Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam, warned.

"What was really critical in all our minds was to get back to normal growth over the medium term and preferably sooner rather than later, in other words within two to three years," he told a news conference.

"If we don't get back to normal growth, if we don't get GDP back to its potential levels, than fiscal sustainability is not possible either," he warned.

In its policy statement the IMF panel warned against overly harsh budget cuts that could have negative consequences.

"In advanced economies further actions are needed in many countries to achieve credible fiscal consolidation and government debt reduction, while avoiding excessively contractionary fiscal policies," it said.

The United States also piled on pressure.

"The success of the next phase of the crisis response will hinge on Europe's willingness and ability, together with the European Central Bank to apply its tools ... flexibly and aggressively to support countries as they implement reforms," U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner told the IMF's steering committee.

The committee called upon central banks in advanced economies to retain their accommodative monetary policies, as long as growth remains weak and inflationary expectations under control.

ECB officials resisted pressure at the meetings in Washington to do more to help the euro zone economy, which is at risk of a recession. The IMF last week said the ECB should cut interest rates further from their current level of 1 percent.

U.S. AND JAPAN

Europe was not the only economy under heightened scrutiny for excessive budget deficits that if left unaddressed could threaten global growth.

"The United States and Japan in particular need to tackle their public deficits and debt," German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble told his fellow finance ministers.

"This requires a credible medium-term strategy. We understand the political constraints but there is no way around it and there is urgency," Schaeuble said, echoing the IMF's recommendations.

Europe, however, presents the most urgent challenge and was the only economy singled out for policy advice by the IMF panel.

Japan's finance minister, Jun Azumi, said strengthening the IMF's war chest for crisis fighting only buys Europe time. The recent rises in European sovereign debt yields indicate the debt problems continue to pose "considerable" risk to the global economy, he said, as he warned the European policymakers must remain vigilant in their actions.

"Policymakers of individual countries should avoid slipping into complacency and exploit the temporary breathing space that was acquired by the efforts made so far," Azumi said.

Investors are more concerned about the situation in Europe than elsewhere. Spanish and Italian bonds faced pressure on Friday. The yield on Spain's 10-year bond topped 6 percent before retreating..

The IMF committee called on members to ratify "expeditiously" a 2010 plan to increase the representation on emerging economies on the IMF's executive board to better reflect their growing clout in the world economy. Brazil had pressed this point as essential before it agreed to more IMF funding.

The voting reforms are unlikely to get approved by the IMF's October meetings unless Washington, facing a bitter presidential election race, can persuade Congress to agree.

"I did not hear any clear announcement from the U.S. that they will be able to deliver before the annual meetings," Schaeuble said, adding that Europe will have agreed by then.

That would add to tensions between the United States, which had insisted upon the reforms, and emerging markets.

(Additional reporting by Reuters IMF reporting team; Editing by Leslie Adler)

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Comments (9)
lucky12345 wrote:
Now we have the IMF begging the G-20 to help bail out Europe and “insulate” the global economy from “dark clouds” appearing over certain parts of the world. Where do these people come up with this stuff? Stop the bail outs and force governments to spend only what they extract from the private sector. Stop government borrowing NOW, the government Freeloaders don’t understand, nothing is free and all the stuff they want has to be paid for by somebody, but as long as it’s not them, they don’t careā€¦

Apr 20, 2012 9:49pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
erikcorr wrote:
Where did almost half a trillion dollars come from? And why doesnt the Media ask this? It was created out of thin air by computers! From 2008 to Now about 17 trillion dollars was created out of thin air by central banks and not only that for the past 20 years they created ten trillion to maintain exchange rates between different currencies due to trade surplus and tradde debts. How long can that go on? It cant go on forever. Yet hard questions like this are NEVER asked by the media.

Apr 20, 2012 9:56pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
gee.la wrote:
IMF will be the contagion hub, which functions to widen and coordinate the future crisis from local ones to a global one. IMF is doing the things that Dao mandates it to do. Contagion is pointed to the fear and confidence deflation, instead of disease. When people around the globe are seeing at the time IMF and G20 fail to contain the crisis (in fact, IMF will be far from acquiring the enough power to contain the crises currently inhabited on the planet Earth), they will realize the crisis is now global and affects everyone and every nation and no one can beat it by that time. So IMF functions not to contain crises, but to synchronize the individual crises to be a single huge global crisis. G20 will have to do the same thing- aggregating the fears and accelerating the development. I have to agree the dark energy actually affect our humans from the beginning, since our fate and our universe fate are both in its hand.

Apr 20, 2012 12:18am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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