Islamist stakes claim to Egypt middle ground
CAIRO (Reuters) - Abdel Moneim Abol Fotouh was jailed by Hosni Mubarak but has emerged as a front-runner for his old job as president of Egypt, staking claim to the political centre in this nascent democracy with a moderate Islamist platform that has found broad appeal.
A senior figure in the Muslim Brotherhood until he parted ways with the group last year, he is part of the generation of Islamist activists that spawned al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri. Both doctors, they spent time in adjoining jail cells in 1981. For the most part, that's where the similarities end.
Abol Fotouh presents himself as a champion of moderate Islam, yet he has been able to win the backing of hardliners thanks partly to a political brain which many say sets him apart from the Brotherhood. Even some liberals, impressed by his reformist zeal, say they could vote for the bespectacled 60-year old.
With his presidential bid, he is charting new waters for the Islamist mainstream, reaching out to the tens of millions of Egyptians who played no role in politics in Mubarak's days but are expected to flock to the polls for the May 23-24 vote.
"It's the Egyptian mainstream I am banking on, the ones I have been working to win over since I started my campaign, who make up more than 90 percent of Egyptians ... who understand (Islamic) sharia law correctly," he said in an April 23 television interview. "Wherever we look out for people's interests, we serve them, we are implementing God's law."
If the sketchy opinion polls that are available are anything to go by, Abol Fotouh is doing well. A poll published on Monday by a state-run research centre showed him second to ex-Arab League chief Amr Moussa and polling well ahead of Mohamed Mursi, the candidate fielded by the Muslim Brotherhood.
Abol Fotouh was expelled from the group last year over his decision to seek the presidency - a move that defied its wishes.
At that stage, the Brotherhood had decided against running. Abol Fotouh's departure from the Brotherhood seemed an inevitable step for a reform-minded politician who had been at odds with the conservatives who still run the movement.
"He is not afraid of anyone," said Mohamed Habib, a former deputy head of the Brotherhood, recalling two occasions in 2009 when Abol Fotouh had clashed with Mahdi Akef, then the leader of the group. "He is brave and decisive," added Habib, who also left the group last year and plans to vote for Abol Fotouh.
As a student leader in the 1970s, Abol Fotouh is remembered for confronting President Anwar Sadat in a debate, famously telling him he was surrounded by hypocrites.
In 1981, he was arrested by the Sadat government in a crackdown against dissidents. Under Mubarak, his activism landed him in jail twice for a total of more than six years.
Campaigning under the slogan "Strong Egypt", Abol Fotouh has stressed the need to finish the country's unfinished revolution by rooting out remnants of the Mubarak era from the state.
He pledges to increase health and education spending, to make Egypt's army the most powerful in the region and to turn its economy into one of the 20 strongest in the world. His program says he will adhere to Islamic law.
Like other candidates, he has called for a review of Egypt's 1979 peace treaty with Israel, which he says was "imposed" on Egypt.
While the Brotherhood has faced broad criticism for alienating other parties in the year since Mubarak was toppled, Abol Fotouh is credited with reaching out across the political spectrum.
His efforts appear to be paying dividends. While the Brotherhood's Mursi has tried to cast himself as the only Islamist in the race, Abol Fotouh managed to convince leading hardline Salafi groups they should endorse him instead.
The Nour Party, a Salafi group that won a fifth of the seats in parliament, has endorsed him. So too has al-Gama'a al-Islamiya, a Salafi group that took up arms against the state but disavowed violence in 1997.
The Wasat Party, a centrist party run by ex-Brotherhood members who left in the 1990s, has also endorsed Abol Fotouh.
A member of the Brotherhood's executive board from 1987 to 2009, Abol Fotouh still commands respect in the group. His candidacy is also endorsed by Sheikh Yousef al-Qaradawi, a cleric held in high regard by Brotherhood followers.
"In terms of ideology, there is little difference to me between Mursi and Abdel Moneim. As for the organization, of course there is a difference, but the idea is the same," Helmi el-Gazzar, a Brotherhood member of parliament, told Reuters.
Habib, the former Brotherhood leader, said much of Abol Fotouh's Islamist vision tallied with the Brotherhood's, though he was more liberal than some of its members on issues such as the right of Christians and women to seek the presidency.
In a recently published book, Abol Fotouh reflects on how he had once been hostile towards Sufism, or Islamic mysticism, but moderated his views after meeting Sufi Muslims at university.
Some of his critics say Abol Fotouh is trying to be all things to all people. But he says there has been no change in his views since he quit the Brotherhood.
In his April 23 interview, Abol Fotouh said: "I have not changed my principles or ideas regardless of my administrative link: whether I was Brotherhood or now I am outside the administration of the Brotherhood."
He added: "I don't think there is a fair liberal, or a fair Salafi, or a fair leftist, who says Dr. Abdel Moneim says one thing and hides another."
(Writing by Tom Perry; Editing by Peter Graff)