Arizona governor vetoes law demanding return of federal lands

PHOENIX Tue May 15, 2012 12:39am EDT

Arizona Governor Jan Brewer speaks to the press outside the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, April 25, 2012, following arguments in the Arizona vs United States immigration enforcement law case. REUTERS/Jason Reed

Arizona Governor Jan Brewer speaks to the press outside the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, April 25, 2012, following arguments in the Arizona vs United States immigration enforcement law case.

Credit: Reuters/Jason Reed

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PHOENIX (Reuters) - Arizona Governor Jan Brewer on Monday vetoed a bill demanding the U.S. government turn over millions of acres of its property to the state, dealing a surprise blow to the "sagebrush revolt" against federal control over vast tracts of land in the West.

The much-publicized measure, which cleared the Republican-dominated Arizona legislature last month, called for federal agencies to relinquish title to roughly 48,000 square miles (124,000 square km) of land they hold in the Grand Canyon state by 2015.

Brewer, a Republican and staunch conservative who had been widely expected to support the measure, said in a statement that the legislation failed to "identify an enforceable cause of action to force federal lands to be transferred to the state."

"I am also concerned about the lack of certainty this legislation could create for individuals holding existing leases on federal lands. Given the difficult economic times, I do not believe this is the time to add to that uncertainty," she said.

The bill, SB 1332, was similar to legislation signed into law by Governor Gary Herbert in the neighboring state of Utah in March in a revival of a Republican drive to diminish federal land ownership in the West.

Utah's law seeks to claim some 47,000 square miles (122,000 square km) of federal property and was enacted despite warnings from state attorneys that it was likely unconstitutional and would trigger a costly and ultimately futile legal battle.

The moves in Utah and Arizona cap years of rising indignation among political conservatives in several big Western states over the fact that major portions of their territory are owned by various federal agencies, much of it by the Interior Department's Bureau of Land Management.

The decades-old federal-state conflict in the West, widely known as the sagebrush rebellion, has flared off and on over control of a wide range of natural resources, frequently pitting various extraction industries against environmental protection.

In Arizona, the U.S. government controls 42 percent of the state's total land mass, compared with some 60 percent in Utah.

The Arizona bill would have sought state title to most of the federally owned land within its borders, including national forests, national monuments and national wildlife refuges, in addition to Bureau of Land Management land. Military bases and national parks were exempt.

Backers of the measure have complained that federal control puts too much land off-limits to commercial activities, such as energy development, mining, logging and grazing - limiting the state's potential tax base for schools and other public services. They called Brewer's veto illogical.

"It amazes me that she would mention employment when the radical ... policies of the federal agencies have stifled and almost killed the lumber industry, the mining industry and cattle grazing on federal lands," said Al Melvin, a Republican state senator who sponsored the bill.

Opponents of the measure, including the Sierra Club, had argued that the state has proved to be a poor steward of the public lands already in its possession. They welcomed the veto.

"The idea that the state could manage our public lands was ludicrous when we are not even funding or properly maintaining our state park system," Sandy Bahr, director of the Sierra Club Grand Canyon Chapter, told Reuters.

"Plus it ignores the fact that these lands belong to all Americans, including future generations ... Few would agree with the Arizona Legislature's proposal to acquire them and then sell them off," she added.

(Editing by Steve Gorman, Lisa Shumaker and Mohammad Zargham)

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Comments (4)
AZWarrior wrote:
Much more to this story (as usual when haters report on Arizona). In 1912, the Arizona Territory was told that our petition for statehood would only be accepted if the state lands were deeded over to the federal government – a pretty standard demand at the time by politicians who wanted to gain land to give to supporters like the big railroads and such. The thinking in today’s “sagebrush rebellion ” states is that this was coercion and therefore makes the statehood pacts invalid. Don’t know about the legal stand, but the federal government controls far too much of the western states. Given the “wonderful” track record of the Federal Government in the care and use of these lands, I think you can see why the States want them back. Oh by the way, when you choose to use tne most unflattering photo of our governor you can find, you just prove your hateful bias against us.

May 14, 2012 12:29am EDT  --  Report as abuse
RoaringFish wrote:
What you are saying then, is that Republicans want to renege on a deal that was signed a century ago?

Apart from it being another example of why it wise to never trust a Republican, one has to ask why they want free land from the Federal Government? So they can sell it, perhaps?

If they had any morals, these activist states would offer to *buy* the land.

May 15, 2012 9:38am EDT  --  Report as abuse
JamVee wrote:
AZ Warrior is right on target. Perhaps, if the states in the rest of our country were to donate, say 40% of their land to the US government, we Westerners, might feel the situation was a bit more fair. I don’t think our Governor is against the intent of this bill, but feels it is inadequately specific and well defined. Besides, I agree with her, we have more than enough troubles on our plate, than to introduce another piece of legislation that will be sure to face a stiff, if not insurmountable opposition.

May 15, 2012 10:05am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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