UPDATE 1-Romney campaign defends JPMorgan loss as market risk
* Romney adviser says investors, not taxpayers took hit
* Regulations cannot put 'wet blanket' on economy -adviser
WASHINGTON May 15 (Reuters) - U.S. Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney's campaign said on Tuesday that JPMorgan Chase & Co's huge trading losses were an unfortunate part of a free market economy.
Romney adviser Eric Fehrnstrom told NBC that, while Romney supports some financial regulation, the losses at one of the nation's largest banks involved investors, not taxpayers, and that rules for Wall Street should not hamper investments.
"The leadership of that company will be held accountable for this trading loss, but we don't want to punish companies, he told NBC's "Today" program. "There was no taxpayer money at risk. All of the losses went to investors, which is how it works in a public market."
The Romney campaign's comments come the day after President Barack Obama said the huge trading loss highlighted the need for Wall Street reform. Some JPMorgan executives have already left the bank, which could see additional fallout when its shareholders meet later on Tuesday.
Wall Street reform has become a top campaign issue for Obama, a Democrat, and his presumptive Republican rival leading up to the Nov. 6 presidential election.
Obama has faced opposition in implementing new rules for Wall Street, one of his signature domestic policy achievements. Romney has stressed his experience as a business executive.
"Mitt Romney is not advocating that there be no regulation," Fehrnstrom said. "But our regulation should be effective, it should be streamlined. It should not be cumbersome, and it should not act as a wet blanket or a damper on the economy."
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said on Tuesday that the rules required by the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial oversight law, including new capital requirements, would strengthen the ability of banks to absorb losses like those JPMorgan announced last week.
"The test of reform is not whether you can prevent banks from making mistakes," Geithner said at an event sponsored by the Peterson Foundation. "The test of reform should be, do those mistakes put at risk the broader economy, the financial system or the taxpayer."