Medicare, Medicaid chief urges states to implement health law

WASHINGTON Fri Jul 13, 2012 3:51pm EDT

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The head of the U.S. government's Medicare and Medicaid health programs urged Republican state governors to implement President Barack Obama's healthcare law to extend coverage to millions of uninsured Americans, many of them poor or handicapped.

Opposition to Obama's signature domestic policy achievement has become a rallying cry among Republicans, with at least five governors saying they would not implement the law's expansion of the Medicaid program for the poor and handicapped.

With the U.S. Supreme Court upholding the law as constitutional earlier this month, Republicans are now focused on winning control of the White House and enough seats in Congress in the November 6 elections to repeal it.

Marilyn Tavenner, the acting head of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), wrote that states have no deadline for when they have to comply with the Medicaid expansion mandated under the new law, but should not waste "a good deal," according to a letter sent on Friday.

Medicare is the healthcare program for the elderly.

"We hope that states will not turn down the resources and flexibility offered in the Affordable Care Act (Obama healthcare law), and will put aside old political battles to move forward with implementation," she wrote in a letter addressed to Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell.

McDonnell is head of the Republican Governors Association.

In its ruling upholding the healthcare overhaul, the Supreme Court allowed states to opt out of the expansion of Medicaid, which is jointly funded by federal and state governments and represents the biggest spending item in most state budgets.

The expansion would raise the limit on annual income for eligible families, and aims to extend health coverage to 16 million Americans.

Some state officials are worried about a rise in Medicaid costs in the wake of the ruling, even with the government's commitment to fund the entire Medicaid expansion in the first three years and 90 percent of it thereafter.

In her letter, Tavenner was responding to concerns raised by McDonnell earlier this week. McDonnell wrote to Obama that he was also worried about the uncertainty surrounding the subsidized health insurance exchanges which must be set up as part of the law to extend health coverage.

LAW TAKES FULL EFFECT IN 2014

States that decline to submit plans for their own exchange by November 16 would require the federal government to step in and operate them, but McDonnell said it was unclear if the government will be ready or have the funds to fully implement the law when it takes full effect in 2014.

"We believe it is incumbent upon the authors of (the law) and your administration to detail precisely how you intend to address this situation," he said in the letter to Obama, which was sent on behalf of Republican governors.

McDonnell also included 30 specific questions about the Medicaid expansion and healthcare exchanges.

So far, 13 states have committed to establishing a state-based health insurance exchange, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. At the same time, 17 states have made no significant progress towards establishing an exchange or rejected the idea, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation, which tracks healthcare issues.

Some health experts fear many states holding off on exchanges will wait for the outcome of the November elections. Since building the technological infrastructure requires time, states that wait could be ill-prepared by the autumn of 2013 when the federal government wants the exchanges to accept enrollment.

CMS' Tavenner said the government was open to working with the states, and said they could apply for federal funding to implement exchanges or expand Medicaid. She said they would not have to pay the money back if they ultimately decided not to participate.

"We expect that, as states study their options, they will recognize that this (law) is a good deal," she said.

A spokesman for Virginia's McDonnell said Tavenner's letter did not address his questions specifically, but rather said more guidance will be issued later.

"That's exactly the problem," Jeff Caldwell, press secretary for Governor McDonnell, said in an email.

"Governors need that 'guidance' now in order to make decisions involving significant amounts of taxpayer dollars. We hope that this letter is merely a precursor to a much more substantive and thorough response in the weeks ahead."

(Additional reporting by David Morgan; Editing by Michele Gershberg and Todd Eastham)

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Comments (4)
Dave6280 wrote:
Why would a state who probably already has a budget deficit want to be part of a program that will shift the burden of it’s cost onto the state after a few years.

Jul 13, 2012 2:51pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
USAPragmatist wrote:
It would be nice if the GOP governors would listen to the will of the people and implement these changes, as the one state that has the basics same plan has VERY high approval ratings in that state because they have seen how well it can work. But if they are not reasonable it will be the responsibility of the voters in each state to vote out those governors as they see how much better/less costly healthcare people are receiving in states that fully implement the PPACA. That is how Democracy works.

Jul 13, 2012 3:24pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
walfourth wrote:
They have little incentive to cooperate. The Affordable Care Act still has low poll numbers in most opinion surveys. Also, with the federal budget deficit so very high, assurances of continued assistance are dodgy at best. No governor in their right mind would want to be stuck having to radically raise taxes to make up for inadequate federal funding of the Affordable Care Act. You are now even seeing some Democratic governors baulking on expanded Medicaid coverage. Most of them remember what happened with “No Child Left Behind”. The mandates remained, but the promised funding levels were never met by the federal government. That is one reason why President Obama is signing waivers for states that relieve them from the burden of actually measuring the performance of their students in any real way.

Jul 14, 2012 8:58am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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