U.N. Security Council to vote on a Syria resolution on Wednesday

UNITED NATIONS Mon Jul 16, 2012 6:47pm EDT

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council will vote on Wednesday on a Western-backed resolution that threatens Syrian authorities with sanctions if they do not stop using heavy weapons in towns, despite a declaration by Russia that it will block the move.

The resolution, proposed by Britain, the United States, France and Germany, would extend a U.N. observer mission in Syria for 45 days and place international envoy Kofi Annan's peace plan under Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter.

Chapter 7 allows the 15-member council to authorize actions ranging from diplomatic and economic sanctions to military intervention. U.S. officials have said they are talking about sanctions on Syria, not military intervention.

"Russia and China still expressed objection to Chapter 7, but when challenged they were unable to come up with any convincing reasons why," Britain's U.N. Ambassador Mark Lyall Grant told reporters on Monday after another round of talks.

"Obviously, we're happy to have further negotiations. We've scheduled a vote for Wednesday afternoon," he said.

According to the Western-backed resolution, Syria would face sanctions if it does not stop using heavy weapons and withdraw its troops from towns and cities within 10 days of the adoption of the resolution.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in Moscow on Monday that Russia would block the Western-backed resolution because of the threat of sanctions.

Russia and China have previously vetoed resolutions designed to pressure Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Russia, a key ally of Syria, has also put forward a resolution to extend the U.N. mission for 90 days, but it does not contain a threat of sanctions. It was not immediately clear when or if Russia planned to put its draft resolution to a vote.

"If our partners decide to block our resolution no matter what, then the U.N. mission will not have a mandate and will have to leave Syria. That would be a pity," said Lavrov, whose country is one of Syria's main arms suppliers.

NO TO STATUS QUO

The Security Council must decide the fate of the U.N. mission, known as UNSMIS, before its mandate expires on Friday.

When asked if the United States would block the Russian resolution, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice said she did not believe the Russian draft resolution had enough support to pass in the first place.

Resolutions are legally binding and need nine votes in favor and no vetoes from the five permanent council members - the United States, Britain, France, Russia and China - to pass.

"We think it's very important that 18 months nearly into this conflict with over 100 people on average dying a day, the council do something different to change the dynamic on the ground," Rice said of the Western-backed resolution.

"The status quo is leading to intensified civil conflict with real potential to spill over in the region," she said.

China's U.N. Ambassador Li Baodong said Beijing believed it was important to show support for Annan's peace plan, but that there needed to be a "unified voice from the Security Council."

"We have problems with Chapter 7 elements, but we think that the council members should continue consultations to solve the differences," Li told reporters.

If the U.N. mission in Syria is renewed, U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon has recommended shifting the emphasis of the work of UNSMIS from military observers to civilian staff focusing on a political solution and issues including human rights.

UNSMIS suspended most of its monitoring activity on June 16 due to increased risk from rising violence.

While the mandate for 300 unarmed military observers is likely to be unchanged, diplomats said they have been told that only half that number would be required for the suggested shift in focus of the mission. The others would return to their home countries, but be ready to redeploy again at short notice. (Editing by Todd Eastham)

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Comments (2)
kafantaris wrote:
Surprise, surprise.
Russia again says that the U.N. should not boot out Assad from Syria.
And again we are shocked, dismayed and disappointed.
Why?
Russia and China have their own reasons not to lift a finger in Syria — but we are not waiting for them anymore.
Rather, we will join other countries willing help to take care of the necessary business in Syria — just as we had done in Libya.
This time around, Russia and China had their chance to be part of the solution. Over and over, they have refused — less they ultimately rattle their own house of cards.
Fine.
But their inaction has committed them to getting out of the way. They can do so and save face, or that they can continue to be obstreperous and lose more face.
Either way, we are moving forward without them.
As for Lavrov’s claim that the West is blackmailing Russia, most countries see it the other way around.

Jul 16, 2012 12:21am EDT  --  Report as abuse
Kailim wrote:
If the western powers really want to stop the ongoing bloodshed in Syria instead of interfering and manipulating politics of other nations. I have a proposal.

The powers can simply go ahead to invade Syria without any UN resolution as the US did in the Iraqi war. No nations can do anything nowadays before the military might of the US and other western powers except yelling.

The powers invade and disarm the whole of Syria and subject Syria to strict military governance afterward for stopping bloodshed and reinstate social order. Then gather all political leaders from all sides in Syria at their gunpoint and let them talk to each other and negotiate the future of their own nation without any interference and applying any wsetern political doctrines until solid consensus and agreement are reached. I believe all Syria leaders from both sides will calm down and behave rationally without guns at their command. The majority of common populace in Syria will support this because they can then live a normal life without the fear of violence and bloodshed. The main attitude of the western powers should remain absolute neutral and non-interference of Syria’s politics and future, just let them work their own way out.

I think the whole process shall last not more than a year and can bring peace to the nation. It will cost the western powers far less contrary to dragging on over 10 years in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Jul 16, 2012 12:34am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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