North Korean leader cements control over army

SEOUL Wed Jul 18, 2012 10:24am EDT

1 of 2. North Korea leader Kim Jong-un (C) speaks while surrounded by soldiers in this undated still image taken from video at an unknown location in North Korea released by North Korean state TV KRT on January 8, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/KRT via Reuters TV

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SEOUL (Reuters) - North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was named marshal of the army, the country's top military rank, in a move that adds to his glittering array of titles and cements his power in the isolated and impoverished state that has a 1.2 million strong military.

The decision was made on Tuesday and reported on Wednesday by North Korea's state media. It comes after the country's top general was purged.

The new title completes Kim Jong-un's elevation following the death of his father Kim Jong-il in December. He already heads the Workers' Party of Korea and is First Chairman of the National Defence Commission.

Kim -- believed to be in his late 20s -- has steadily worked to impose his own stamp on the top leadership of North Korea, and on Sunday ousted Vice Marshal Ri Yong-ho, the country's leading military figure, who was seen as close to Kim Jong-il.

Key to Kim's rule is a lineage that stretches back to his grandfather, Kim Il-sung, who founded the North Korea and is still revered as its eternal president.

"The personality cult surrounding Kim family has been really shifted to Kim Jong-un," said Daniel Pinkston of the International Crisis Group, who visited North Korea earlier this month and spoke to reporters in the South Korean capital on Tuesday.

China, the North's most important diplomatic and economic backer, gave a guarded reaction. It noted the new title but stopped short of an outright message of congratulation.

"China and North Korea are friendly neighbors and we wish for the smooth development of all undertakings in North Korea under the leadership of comrade Kim Jong-un and the Workers' Party of Korea," China's foreign ministry said in a statement.

The North suffered a famine in the 1990s, when Kim Jong-un's father ruled, and its economy was devastated by the collapse of the Soviet Union, a major backer. It has been almost completely isolated by international sanctions over its nuclear and missile programs.

Kim Jong-un's brief term in office since his father's death is, at least on the surface, a sharp change from the former leader's dour rule which took North Korea deeper into isolation, abject poverty and large-scale political repression.

Once the official mourning period was over, the youngest Kim to rule North Korea was seen laughing with fusty old generals, gesticulating in delight at a military parade and, the biggest shock of all, speaking in public. Most North Koreans went to their graves never having heard Kim the elder speak.

Both Kim Jong-il and Kim Il-sung were named Generalissimos of the North Korean army, one of the world's largest.

Ri's removal was widely seen as a purge and was followed by the promotion of relatively unknown military man Hyon Yong-chol to the rank of vice marshal.

Experts says the latest moves have more to do with a shifting of the guards surrounding the young leader than any fundamental changes in policy.

(Additional reporting by Ju-min Park, and Ben Blanchard in Beijing; Editing by David Chance and Jonathan Thatcher)

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Comments (39)
GBayes wrote:
Kim Yong-Un selects prospective military leaders after a thorough game of “Smell My Finger”.

Jul 17, 2012 11:56pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
piazzaAtl wrote:
the little, fat, dumb munchkin has made himself supreme everything at the age of 30 years old. Smart move, especially since he has not spent one day in the military or had any training. This is what Ronald Reagan meant when he said “freedom is only a generation from extinction.” We need to be careful how many “free”*** goodies we vote people into office to give us (***no government goodies are “free”). We voted ourselves government controlled healthcare- which Obama said as POTUS its his job to worry about- OUR PERSONAL OPERATIONS! That is the road to a place we as Americans don’t want to go to. I bring this up as the Kim Jung (very) ill clan was only started by this 30 year old fatty’s grandfather in the 1940/1950s- which is only 60 years ago, yet North Koreans live in among the poorest, most improvised, least advanced (no electric for 95% of the population), etc.,- in December when Jung Un’s daddy expired, citizens of NK who didn’t cry enough or display enough grief over the old wacko’s death were beaten, arrested and even tortured. Seems like a swell place to bring to the US. (Oh, I believe they have socialized medicine).

Jul 17, 2012 12:20am EDT  --  Report as abuse
domowames wrote:
someone smoke this guy.

Jul 17, 2012 12:28am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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