Mars rover finds first evidence of water: a river of it

CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida Thu Sep 27, 2012 8:33pm EDT

1 of 5. This set of NASA handout images compares the Link outcrop of rocks on Mars (L) with similar rocks seen on Earth (R). The image of Link taken September 2, 2012 and released September 27, 2012, was obtained by NASA's Curiosity rover and shows rounded gravel fragments, or clasts, up to a couple inches (few centimeters), within the rock outcrop.

Credit: Reuters/NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS and PSI/Handout

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CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida (Reuters) - NASA's Mars rover, Curiosity, dispatched to learn if the most Earth-like planet in the solar system was suitable for microbial life, has found clear evidence its landing site was once awash in water, a key ingredient for life, scientists said Thursday.

Curiosity, a roving chemistry laboratory the size of a small car, touched down on August 6 inside a giant impact basin near the planet's equator. The primary target for the two-year mission is a three-mile (five-km) -high mound of layered rock rising from the floor of Gale Crater.

Scientists suspect the mound, known as Mount Sharp, is the remains of sediment that once completely filled the crater. Analysis of a slab of rock located between the crater's north rim and the base of Mount Sharp indicate a fast-moving stream of water once flowed there.

Images taken by Curiosity and released on Thursday show rounded stones cemented into the rock, which rises like a piece of jack-hammered sidewalk from the planet's surface.

The stones inside the rock are too big to have been moved by wind, Curiosity scientist Rebecca Williams, with the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona, told reporters on a conference call.

"The consensus of the science team is that these are water-transported gravel in a vigorous stream," she said.

The rock is believed to be from the floor of an ancient stream which was once between ankle- and knee-deep.

The analysis is based on telephoto images taken by the rover, which is en route to a patch of land named Glenelg where three different types of rock intersect.

Scientists have not yet decided if the slab of rock warrants a chemical analysis, or if there are better targets for Curiosity to look for the building blocks of life and the minerals to preserve it.

"The question about habitability goes beyond the simple observation of water on Mars," said lead scientist John Grotzinger at the California Institute of Technology.

"Certainly flowing water is a place where microorganisms could have lived. This particular kind of rock may or may not be a good place to preserve those components that we associate with a habitable environment," he said.

The $2.5 billion Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity mission is NASA's first astrobiology mission since the 1970s-era Viking probes.

(Editing by David Adams and Eric Walsh)

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Comments (3)
VeronicaLodge wrote:
But, the real question is: Does Mars Need Women?

Sep 28, 2012 2:16pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
AZWarrior wrote:
What is this about? We have known for years Mars had surface water. Previous rovers found water ice below the dust in some places. Is this NASA tring to gin up some public interest so they can get some funding? Perhaps that should be the story.

Sep 28, 2012 12:03am EDT  --  Report as abuse
morbas wrote:
Adam Steltzner-’Curiosity’ “embodies a fundamental attribute that defines us as humans.” Yes, AZWarrior-”We have known for years Mars had surface water”, but not streams, streams perhaps mean weather (atmosphere). Finding these artifacts leads to the next question of persistence and duration. If the spark of organic life was terminated and frozen (in time), what were the pre-life starting blocks? This is an ‘opportunity’ to ‘spirit’ forward…:)

Sep 29, 2012 8:51am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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