Scotland seals terms of historic independence vote

EDINBURGH Mon Oct 15, 2012 2:12pm EDT

1 of 6. The First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond (L) and Britain's Prime Minister David Cameron, sign the referendum agreement in St Andrew's House, Edinburgh, Scotland October 15, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Gordon Terris/Pool

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EDINBURGH (Reuters) - Scotland set up a historic independence referendum on Monday after its leader and Britain's prime minister finalized arrangements for a vote that could lead to the demise of its three-centuries-old union with England.

Scotland's drive for sovereignty, led by its nationalist leader Alex Salmond, echoes separatist moves by other European regions such as Catalonia and Flanders which feel they could prosper as separate entities inside the European Union.

Signed in the Scottish capital Edinburgh, the referendum agreement allows Scotland to ask its people in a 2014 vote whether their homeland should become an independent country or stay within the United Kingdom.

"It's a historic day for Scotland," a visibly excited Salmond said after signing the deal with Prime Minister David Cameron. "Do I think we can win this campaign? Yes, I do."

One of the most contentious issues at stake is the ownership of an estimated 20 billion barrels of recoverable oil and gas reserves beneath the UK-controlled part of the North Sea.

Britain is also worried about the future of its nuclear submarine fleet based in Scotland as Salmond says there would be no place for nuclear arms on Scotland's soil after independence. Moving the fleet elsewhere would be costly and time-consuming.

Cameron, who did not address reporters alongside Salmond, opposes Scotland's push for independence but agrees it is up to its people to determine their future in a vote.

Many Scots are unconvinced. A Comres poll for ITV News found only 34 percent supported independence and 55 percent agreed that Scotland's economy would suffer as an independent country.

To convince doubters, Salmond is banking on his skill as an orator to tap into a centuries-old rivalry with England and show that independence would allow his country to pursue a more distinct left-leaning agenda than its southern neighbor.

He has also won a major concession from London to allow Scotland to lower the voting age to 16 from Britain's countrywide 18 - a coup for Salmond who believes that young people are more likely to vote in favor of independence.

In Edinburgh, a vibrant city festooned with Scotland's blue-and-white flags, few people shared Salmond's excitement.

"I consider myself British and I prefer to stay British. I was in the British army fighting on the side of the English and the Welsh and the Northern Irish," said Murray Poole, 24.

"But some of my friends are up for it (independence), they don't like England ... They want to become Scottish."

FLAG AND IDENTITY

Back in London, the debate surrounding Scotland's fate has failed to capture people's attention at a time when many are concerned with deepening budget cuts and unemployment.

"Couldn't give a Scooby dooby doo," said a builder outside London's wool exchange. Jamie Smith, a young professional, said: "Scotland would be foolish to go it alone. They get more out of it than they put in."

Speaking to reporters after the signing, Cameron argued Britain would be stronger if it stayed together.

"I passionately believe that Scotland would be better off in the United Kingdom but also crucially that the United Kingdom would be better off with Scotland," said Cameron. "I will be arguing to keep the family together."

Scotland already has many of the trappings of an independent nation such as its own flag, legal system, sports teams, as well as a distinctive national identity.

Nationalists have timed the 2014 referendum to coincide with the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn when Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeated English invaders.

Now that the agreement has been signed, the Scottish government will bring forward legislation setting out the exact referendum date, who can vote, and the wording of the question, along with rules on campaign financing.

Salmond accepted London's key demand that there should be only one straightforward "in or out" question. He had earlier campaigned for a second question on whether Scotland should be given more powers in the so-called "devo max" form of enhanced devolution that stops short of independence.

A former oil economist, he believes an independent Scotland would be prosperous because it would be entitled to the lion's share of North Sea oil revenues.

But London argues that an independent Scotland - home to about five million people - would struggle to make ends meet as the bulk of is current funding comes from a 30-billion-pound ($48 billion) grant from the UK government.

"Independence is about Scotland leaving the UK, becoming a separate state, taking on all the burdens and risks that go with that and losing the benefits and opportunities that we have as part of the UK," UK Scottish Secretary Michael Moore told the BBC on the eve of Monday's signing.

"When we look at the economy, at defense, at our place in the world, on all these big issues, people across Scotland will continue to support Scotland being in the United Kingdom."

(Additional reporting by Peter Schwartzstein and Isla Binnie in London; Editing by Andrew Osborn and Michael Roddy)

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Comments (6)
Raelyn wrote:
Go Scotland! They may be better off as part of UK, but it is hard to forget events of the last 500 years. Same with Ireland. On the other hand, the millions of Scots and Irish forced to flee to the New World have made the U.S. and Canada very strong and prosperous. Yay for Campbell’s soup and McDonalds!!!

Oct 15, 2012 9:29am EDT  --  Report as abuse
DeanMJackson wrote:
In fact, since the USSR and East Bloc still exist, the Scots would be wise to remain a part of the Union. Now is not the time to break with the Union.

Scotland, read the following to protect the liberties that your Union with England (and Ireland) helps to ensure:

Take a look at who the “electorates” of several “former” USSR republics have been electing back into power for President since the “collapse” of the USSR.

Russia:

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin – July 10, 1991 – December 31, 1999 – Communist.

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin – 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000 (Acting) and May 7, 2000 – May 7, 2008 – Communist.

Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev – May 7, 2008 – May 7, 2012, during his studies at the University he joined the Communist Party.

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin – May 7, 2012 – Present, Communist.

Ukraine:

Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk, December 5, 1991 – July 19, 1994, joined Ukraine Communist Party in 1958.

Leonid Danylovych Kuchma, July 19, 1994 – January 23, 2005, Communist, 1960.

Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko, January 23, 2005 – February 25, 2010, Communist, 1980.

Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych, February 25, 2010 – Present, Communist, 1980.

Armenia:

Levon Ter-Petrossian – October 16, 1991 – February 3, 1998, Communist.

Robert Kocharyan – February 4, 1998 – April 9, 2008, Communist.

Serzh Azati Sargsyan – April 9, 2008 – Present, Communist.

Uzbekistan:

Islam Abdug‘aniyevich Karimov – March 24, 1990 – Present, Communist.

Tajikistan:

Emomalii Rahmon – November 20, 1992 – Present, Communist.

Belarus:

Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko – July 20, 1994 – Present, Communist.

Kazakhstan:

Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev – April 24, 1990 – Present, Communist.

Moldova:

Mircea Ion Snegur – September 3, 1990 – January 15, 1997, Communist.

Petru Chiril Lucinschi – January 15, 1997 – April 7, 2001, Communist.

Vladimir Nicolaevici Voronin – April 7 2001 – September 11, 2009, Communist.

Mihai Ghimpu – September 11, 2009 – December 28, 2010 (Acting), not Communist.

Vlad Filat – December 28, 2010 – 30 December 2010 (Acting), not Communist.

Marian Lupu – December 30, 2010 – Present (Acting), Communist. 1988.

Ladies and gentlemen of Scotland, obviously the 15 “electorates” of the various republics that made up the USSR haven’t been “electing” back into power Soviet era Communist Party Quislings for President. The only way such Soviet era Communist Party Quislings could be attaining the highest political offices in their respective “post” Soviet republics is if the Communists never left power in the first place. In other words, the “collapse” of the USSR was a strategic ruse, as predicted by KGB defector Major Anatoliy Golitsyn, the only Soviet era defector to still be under protective custody in the West (what does that fact tell you about the “collapse” of the USSR/East Bloc?). You can read Golitsyn’s 1984 book, “New Lies for Old” at Internet

Oct 15, 2012 10:42am EDT  --  Report as abuse
DeanMJackson wrote:
Part II (see my comment above for Part I):

In fact, ladies and gentlemen of Scotland, those nationalist politicians advocating pulling out of the Union know that the
“collapses” of the USSR and East Bloc were strategic ruses. Now ask yourself, since your nationalist leaders are knowledgeable of the true events that have been transpiring within Eastern Europe and Russia these past 21 years, etc., why would they advocate the weakening of the Union, thereby weakening the West vis-a-vis the USSR?

Ladies and gentlemen of Scotland, ask your nationalist politicians why would they support the weakening of the British Armed Forces when the USSR still exists and has plans for Britain should their “Long-Range Policy” prove successful (the “Long-Range Policy” is the “new” strategy all Communist nations signed onto in 1960 as a more workable strategy to defeat the West).

Oct 15, 2012 11:01am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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