Vatican names seven saints including first Native American

VATICAN CITY Sun Oct 21, 2012 11:35am EDT

1 of 6. Pope Benedict XVI blesses the altar during a special mass to canonize seven new saints, including the first ever native American to be declared a saint, at St. Peter's square in Vatican City October 21, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Stefano Rellandini

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VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Pope Benedict created seven new saints on Sunday including the first Native American to be canonized, as the Roman Catholic Church reaches out to its global flock to rebuff encroaching secularism.

The celebration of figures who had suffered to promote the faith comes as the Church begins a drive to reclaim flagging congregations in former strongholds in the face of sex abuse scandals and dissent against Church teachings.

Thousands of pilgrims from around the world converged on St. Peter's Square to witness the ceremony recognizing the saints, who included Kateri Tekakwitha, a sixteenth-century convert known as "Lily of the Mohawks".

The crowd included hundreds of pilgrims from the United States' 2.5 million-strong Native American population, of whom 680,000 are estimated to be Catholic, a legacy of the success of early missionaries in converting indigenous people in America.

Among them was a 12-year-old boy who survived a potentially fatal flesh-eating virus, which the Vatican attributed to miraculous intervention by Saint Kateri.

Many pilgrims waved the flag of the Philippines and held portraits of Pedro Calungsod, killed doing missionary work in 1672, who became the second Filipino saint. Others in traditional German dirndl dresses and leather shorts cheered as Pope Benedict welcomed them in his native tongue.

Portraits of the new saints, including French Jesuit Jacques Berthieu, Italian priest Giovanni Battista Piamarta, the Spanish nun Carmen Salles y Barangueras, and German laywoman Anna Schaffer hung from the marble facade of St. Peter's Basilica, and the crowds cheered as each name was called.

"Saint Kateri, Protectress of Canada and the first Native American saint, we entrust to you the renewal of the faith in the first nations and in North America! May God bless the first nations!" Pope Benedict said in his homily, in which he alternated between French, English, German and Italian.

Saint Kateri, born in 1656 in what is now New York to a Mohawk father and an Algonquin mother, impressed missionaries with her devotion, taking a lifetime vow of chastity and punishing herself by placing hot coals between her toes and sleeping on a bed of thorns.

When she died at the age of 24, witnesses said smallpox scars on her face disappeared, and people reported seeing visions of her.

This began a centuries-old tradition of veneration culminating with her canonization, bolstered by the survival of the Native American boy in 2006.

Jake Finkbonner, now 12 and recovered, travelled to Rome for the ceremony with hundreds of his Lummi tribe, from devout indigenous communities across the United States and Canada.


Dressed in fringed and beaded regalia with an arctic fox fur collar, Judy Arnouts of the Odawa tribe, whose native name is Bedaben, meaning Blessing of New Day, said the canonization of Saint Kateri was a boost to the Native American community.

"Our cultural and spiritual history needs to be upheld, celebrated and taught to our younger generation," said Arnouts, 68, who had travelled from Michigan to present Pope Benedict with a wood-burned cedar log she had made, a traditional craft.

Aida and Romy Javier, wearing Hawaiian garlands of flowers around their necks, were among scores of pilgrims who had travelled from the island to see the canonization of Marianne Cope, a German-born woman who founded a hospital in Hawaii in the 19th century.

"I will tell my children and grandchildren about this day," Aida Javier said, holding a portrait of Saint Marianne. "The reason they are called saints is because they suffered for the sake of Christianity and they didn't want to renounce the faith. This is important because it will make our faith stronger."

Five of the seven saints were important figures in the Church's history of missionary work, pointing to a theme for the Church as it enters what Pope Benedict has proclaimed a "year of faith", aimed at countering the rise of secularism.

The canonization ceremony came in the middle of a three-week meeting of hundreds of bishops at the Vatican on the theme of the "New Evangelisation", an effort to rejuvenate the Church and win back lapsed believers.

"These new saints, different in origin, language, nationality and social condition, are united among themselves and with the whole People of God in the mystery of salvation of Christ the Redeemer," Pope Benedict said.

"May the witness of these new saints, and their lives generously spent for love of Christ, speak today to the whole Church, and may their intercession strengthen and sustain her in her mission to proclaim the Gospel to the whole world."

(Editing by Alison Williams)

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Comments (8)
IntoTheTardis wrote:
I was appalled when I read “taking a lifetime vow of chastity and punishing herself by placing hot coals between her toes and sleeping on a bed of thorns.” And Catholics find this kind of behavior virtuous? This notion that suffering is good is a strange and alien mindset to me. Suffering is not good for the soul, it is corrosive and leads to all manner of psychological and emotional illnesses. Ask any child who has been beaten regularly.

Oct 21, 2012 10:55am EDT  --  Report as abuse
paintcan wrote:
It would have been better if they announced an auditor.

There are plenty of other organizations that spread the message of the Gospels and one can always read the Bible directly without the problem of donating to an unaccountable and petty fogging head office. Old world social welfare ala the Mafia is not acceptable today. There are too many other Christian communities and most Catholics, that are required to keep better financial records, and they don’t consider it a mark of superior spiritual development to neglect good fiscal practice. In the real world they, and not the whistle blower, would go to jail or face penalties. It is one thing to “give the shirt”, but organized (or disorganized crime) is too good at “cloak” theft and probably more business like and detached about it than the “victims”. They know how to recognize the fattest, woolliest sheep when they see them.

Even the process of canonization of new saints was never something one would hear about until it was announced. Most of the time (over 30 years ago) I never heard of the people until they were suddenly “saints”. No sermons were even delivered about them otherwise. It was always very dubious how well known or admired these people ever really were in their lives. Protestant churches do not believe in Roman style “sainthood”.

The new saints “are united among themselves”. They never met each other and didn’t speak the same language – that statement makes no sense what so ever. The Saints may not have known what he was talking about either? If they were like most other Catholics I’ve known, they actually have a different “faith” depending on their age, the Churches they attended, their nationality and the attitudes of the priests that gave the sermons. Most died-in-the-wool Catholics can’t seem to talk about their faith at all. It’s a stone better left unturned. Faith doesn’t seem to be something one can talk about at all, actually. The faith is more “united” on paper but Catholics still tend not to care too much about the written word.

Mr. Gabrielli isn’t being pardoned? Does that mean the Vatican shipped him off to an Italian prison?

Benedict is not one of the better Pope’s. He should go down in history as “the Panderer”. He isn’t doing Catholics any favors. Spiritual “desertification” (another article linked to this one) starts at the top and it’s more advanced than in the Sahara. Anybody can write faux-spiritual sentiments.

Martha should be allowed to clean house because Mary is starting to hallucinate from certain toxic fumes emanating from the very dirty cloths of “Holy Mother” who, apparently, doesn’t believe in clean laundry as much as Christ did? The contents of that “white sepulcher” are starting to stain the visible surface.

They spent a bundle on those tapestries but where they go after the ceremony is anybodies guess?

Oct 21, 2012 11:12am EDT  --  Report as abuse
owlafaye wrote:
A little more nonsense may confuse the ignorant and gullible but the fact of the matter is that the Roman Catholic Church is a criminal organization and like all criminals, they will do anything and everything to stay out of prison.

The first step in reining in these criminals is to make them accountable and then tax them.

Evil will use any means, including good deeds, to forward its agenda.

Oct 21, 2012 11:48am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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