Syria opposition seen uniting after US, Qatari push

DOHA Fri Nov 9, 2012 7:30am EST

A member of the Free Syrian Army talks to a woman during a patrol to search for pro-government forces in Harem town, Idlib Governorate, in this October 26, 2012 file photo. Picture taken October 26, 2012. REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih/Files

A member of the Free Syrian Army talks to a woman during a patrol to search for pro-government forces in Harem town, Idlib Governorate, in this October 26, 2012 file photo. Picture taken October 26, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Asmaa Waguih/Files

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DOHA (Reuters) - Syria's fractious opposition, under pressure from the United States and Qatar to unite, looked likely on Friday to agree to form an inclusive new opposition body that would serve as a unity government if Bashar al-Assad falls.

Qatar, which has bankrolled the opposition to Assad and played a leading role in Arab diplomacy against him, is hosting an opposition meeting, with senior U.S. diplomats hovering on the sidelines, prodding the opposition to make a deal.

Rebel advances on the ground and increasing economic and social disintegration within Syria have added to the pressure on the opposition to form a body that can rule after Assad.

A source inside meetings that lasted into the early hours of Friday morning said members of the Syrian National Council (SNC), a group made up mainly of exiled politicians, had shifted views and were coming to accept the need to form a wider body.

"We will not leave today without an agreement," the source said. "The body will be the sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people. Once they get international recognition, there will be a fund for military support."

The new body would mirror the Transitional National Council that united the opposition to Muammar Gaddafi in Libya last year and then took power after he was ousted, the source suggested.

"They will create a 'temporary government', which could take control of embassies around the world and take Syria's seat at the U.N., because the regime would have lost its legitimacy."

An outline agreement could see the SNC and other opposition figures agree on a 60-member political assembly, or congress, as well as a military and a judicial council.

The SNC, which has previously been the main opposition group on the international stage, may have around a third of the seats in the new body but would otherwise lose much of its influence.

Though it was not yet clear whether the groups meeting in Doha will name members to the new body or broach the thorny issue of its leadership, its creation would mark an advance long sought by the United States and Qatar.

Foreign countries that oppose Assad are determined to push Syrian opposition figures to cooperate, which means bridging gaps between exiles and those working in Syria, and between liberals and increasingly powerful Islamist militants.

The West and its regional allies worry that were Assad to fall before the opposition unites behind a credible body capable of leading the country, increasingly powerful Islamist militia would quickly take Syria over.


Qatar's prime minister told delegates on Thursday to "get a move on" in a closed meeting in a Doha five-star hotel.

"The Qataris are not to going to let them leave here in failure after all this investment," said a diplomatic source on the sidelines of the Doha meetings.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton last week called for overhauling the opposition amid eroding faith in the SNC, saying there needed to be representation of those "on the frontlines and dying". Britain's Prime Minister David Cameron also signaled international pressure to unite the opposition.

What began in March 2011 as a protest movement for reforms following uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia has spiraled into a civil war that has killed more than 32,000 people.

While the opposition argues, rebels have advanced, firing rockets at the presidential palace in Damascus this week.

Turkey said on Friday that 8,000 more refugees had fled across the frontier in the last 24 hours.

The International Committee of the Red Cross said on Thursday it could not keep pace with the needs of civilians.

Assad told Russia Today television on Thursday he would "live and die in Syria", comments that echoed the words of other Arab leaders before they lost power last year.


"Regional political developments as well as rapid military changes on the ground have caused a renewed sense of urgency within the SNC," said Michael Stephens, a Doha-based analyst with Britain's Royal United Services Institute think tank.

"A failure to reach an agreement would leave them woefully unprepared to take power should the unthinkable happen and Assad fall."

SNC members have previously resisted joining a wider body which might dilute their influence.

Calls for a new, wider body have been led by dissident businessman Riad Seif, prompting other SNC members to denounce him this week as a "U.S. agent". However, senior SNC member Burhan Ghalioun said the atmosphere at the talks was "positive".

"We all agree that we don't want to walk away from this meeting in failure," Ghalioun said on Thursday night, signaling the shift in the SNC's position towards agreeing to a deal.

Pressure on the opposition to unite increased further this week after the re-election of U.S. president Barack Obama, which removed uncertainty about the U.S. position.

A diplomat familiar with the talks said that throughout the week the SNC had shifted towards taking international pressure more seriously, especially after Obama's victory.

"The Americans felt a swagger after the results of the election and Obama's win. No one can dismiss them anymore, because they are staying," he said, adding that a State Department official sat in on Thursday meetings.

"But reaching a real deal over the initiative will also depend on who joins this assembly from the SNC, which will have no real influence after that."

The SNC is due on Friday to complete elections to its executive council and choose a new leader, before continuing talks with Seif, representatives of rebel groups and other political factions on forming the new assembly.

The first diplomatic source sounded a note of caution.

"Yes there will be an agreement, but is it sustainable? Is it well thought through and well prepared? Will it fall through later on? The future will tell," he said.

(Writing by Andrew Hammond; Editing by Peter Graff)

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Comments (3)
Slammy wrote:
It is going to be difficult to form a respectable opposition government until Mr. Al Assad, aka The Cowardly Lion, is dethroned. Since there has been no political opposition for 40 years there is no one, absent former Baathist members, who have authoritative credibility. Once the regime collapses then the bureau and technocrats can come in and get things running again. The people can then elect new representatives who have local credibility. I just do not see how a group of self appointed expats expects to be been seen as legitimate by the Syrian people.

Nov 09, 2012 9:57am EST  --  Report as abuse
usagadfly wrote:
The “Syrian opposition” is just a bunch of Sunni anti-everyone else tribesmen acting as the paid proxies of the US and the conservative Sunni Gulf States. The end result will be religious warfare and hand-wringing from American “Liberals” and Israelis about how “unreasonable” these “rag head” Arabs are.

Just another US elitist waste of US social benefit money. This is not the kind of spending FICA taxes are supposed to fund. Now, we cannot “afford” to pay the benefits because it would take away the funding source for more than a decade of war after war after war. Cut the military / para-military budgets and use the surplus to repay the FICA trust funds. Those funds were not “diverted”. They were borrowed by an identifiable part of a crooked Government. Time for payback for the American people, the 90% who were robbed.

Nov 09, 2012 10:55am EST  --  Report as abuse
Slammy wrote:

While I agree some of your sentiment, maybe it will make you feel better to know Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Libya are the main financiers for the fsa. Libya has actually given the most money to date. The USA has provided about $40 million in non-combat aid. While $40 million is not chump change that amount is too low to effect any major military program and far less than the trillions spent on our other wars. Heck, we give Israel and Egypt 1 billion a year just for being Israel and Egypt.
The USA has not taken the lead in this conflict and is deliberately trying to stay out of making a major commitment. I would think that would make the isolationist happy given the costs of the other wars over the past 11 years. I do not foresee American planes bombing Syria anytime soon and believe it is highly unlikely of troops on the ground, unless its to secure the WMD’s.

Nov 09, 2012 3:47pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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