Congo says no talks with rebels unless they quit Goma

GOMA, Democratic Republic of Congo Sun Nov 25, 2012 9:05am EST

1 of 8. People displaced by recent fighting in eastern Congo wait to distribute corn flour in Mugunga IDP camp outside of Goma, November 24, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/James Akena

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GOMA, Democratic Republic of Congo (Reuters) - Congo said on Sunday it would not negotiate with M23 rebels in the east until they pulled out of the city of Goma, but a rebel spokesman said Kinshasa was in no position to set conditions on peace talks.

Congolese President Joseph Kabila met with M23 for the first time on Saturday after an urgent summit in Uganda where regional leaders gave M23 two days to leave Goma, which the rebels seized six days ago after U.N.-backed government troops melted away.

Eight months into a rebellion that U.N. experts say is backed by neighboring Rwanda, the rebels have so far shown no sign of quitting the lakeside city of one million people.

The rebels say they plan to march on other cities in the east, and then strike out across the country to the capital Kinshasa, across 1,000 miles of dense jungle with few roads, a daunting feat achieved 15 years ago by Kabila's father.

Amani Kabasha, a spokesman for M23's political arm, welcomed the meeting with Kabila but questioned the government's resolve to end a crisis that risks engulfing the region.

"Why put conditions on talks? You pose conditions when you are in a position of strength. Is the government really in such a position?" Kabasha told Reuters in Goma, which sits on the north shore of Lake Kivu at Congo's eastern border with Rwanda.

Vianney Kazarama, the rebels' military spokesman, said government forces that had been reinforcing along the shores of the lake were now deploying in hills around the rebel held town of Sake and government-held Minova, both Goma's west.

A U.N. source in Minova said government soldiers had gone on a looting spree for a second straight night there. The town was calm on Sunday but gunshots rang out overnight, the source said.

"What is real is that the morale of the troops is very low. They've lost hope in the commanders," the U.N. source said.

The Congolese army has vowed to launch counter-offensives and win back lost territory. The rebels have warned the government against embarking on a "new military adventure".

So far, the unruly and poorly-led army has been little match for the rebels, despite assistance from a U.N. peacekeeping mission that deployed attack helicopters to support the government before Goma fell.

Rebel leaders share ethnic ties with the Tutsi leadership of Rwanda, a small but militarily capable neighbor that intervened often in eastern Congo in the 18 years since Hutu perpetrators of Rwanda's genocide took shelter there. Rwanda has repeatedly denied Congolese and U.N. accusations it is behind M23.

Saturday's Kampala summit called on the rebels to abandon their aim of toppling the government and proposed that government troops be redeployed inside Goma.

The rebels have not explicitly rejected or accepted the proposals. They are, however, unlikely to cede control of the city or accept government soldiers inside it.


Regional and international leaders are trying to halt the latest bout of violence in eastern Congo, where millions have died of hunger and disease in nearly two decades of fighting fuelled by local and regional politics, ethnic rifts and competition for reserves of gold, tin and coltan.

"Negotiations will start after the (M23) withdrawal from Goma," Congolese government spokesman Lambert Mende said.

Kabila was still in the Ugandan capital on Sunday morning but was expected to return to Kinshasa later in the day or on Monday, two Congo government sources said. Kabila's communications chief Andre Ngwej said he did not believe official talks would start in the next few days.

While Kabila's army is on the back foot, analysts are skeptical the rebels can make good on their threat to march on Kinshasa without major support from foreign backers.

The regional leaders' plan proposed deploying a joint force at Goma airport comprising of a company of neutral African troops, a company of the Congolese army (FARDC) and a company of the M23.

In a statement, the Kinshasa government said Tanzania would take command of the neutral force and that South Africa had offered "substantial" logistical and financial contributions towards it. The Kampala plan did not say what the consequences would be if the rebels did not comply.

(Writing by Richard Lough; Editing by James Macharia and Peter Graff)

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Comments (3)
bientotnoel wrote:
Rwanda and Uganda have been arming and supporting the M23, it’s now proven. and now,dare playing the victims or the peacemakers, offering their good services. Why, we,international community do we have to fall in the trap of Rwanda’s smooth talk? this is not 1994 any more. enough of their lies to our faces. enough of them thinking (rightly so) that we are dumb enough to believe them again and again, while they strip bare and abuse over and over of a weak and corrupt country, which is trying to get out of the mess Rwanda and Uganda has contributed to make 20 years ago. It’s time for the international community to tell Rwanda get a hike and stop lying to us.

Nov 25, 2012 8:19am EST  --  Report as abuse
sfortuna wrote:
Kabila and his rich cronies have been trying to find ways to monetize the gold and diamond reserves of their country by shipping them out of the Congo and putting them in safe havens. The M23 are trying to stop them from pillaging the Congo as it has been for the last 40 years. I don’t think Kabila’s government has much popular support, and the rebels gains will continue. The end is near for one corrupt regime, perhaps to be replaced by another.

Nov 25, 2012 12:46pm EST  --  Report as abuse
oxen wrote:
On DRC: With Kagame and Museveni not held to account and left to lead the so called talks-the leaders of the great lakes region in Africa showed naivety. It is hard to believe that Mr Kabila does not see this manipulation. Uganda and Rwanda should have no part in the neutral force.The rebels have nothing good to offer for most of the local people of DRC, if they did, they would not have left the coalition when they were integrated. They just want to grab power and enrich themselves and their allies at the expense of the population.
The international community-strong governments are not engaged seriously(especially USA)- despite the clear damming report by UN experts on the countries supporting the rebels. Angola was duped to abandon sending the elite force to chase the rebels.If Angola are true friends of DRC they need to send that elite force. The peace talks will most likely not make any change as long as it is Museveni masquerading as a peace make-which he can’t really be and never has been.He only sends army to fight on some side for pay-like in Somalia on UN/AU initiative. The case of DRC is different. US Ambassador Rice is , at the UN ,has not to date taken a serious stand on Rwanda despite France, UK and other UN members clearly identifying and taking some initial actions to seek to counter the actions of reel leaders and Rwanda. More needs to be done to stop the cycle of DRC turmiol caused by the same rebel sponsors each the time they are not happy with the regime in DRC(now the elected one)! Someone credible has to lead here to help DRC asp.

Nov 25, 2012 1:59pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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