Georgia eyes double-digit growth, renewed Russia ties
TBILISI (Reuters) - Georgia's new economy minister says his country, beset by high unemployment and low per capita output, wants double-digit growth rates in two or three years through the injection of pro-business policies.
It is also striving to restore trade ties with neighboring Russia, severed after a 2008 conflict, Georgy Kvirikashvili told Reuters in an interview on Monday.
If Georgia were to mend economic ties with Russia, it might be able to rebuild bilateral trade, which has slumped to just 5 percent of total trade from a peak of 20 percent in 2006, before a Kremlin crackdown on Georgian wine and mineral water imports.
Growth would come by boosting mid-size businesses, dismantling state monopolies, developing the stock exchange and attracting foreign investors, Kvirikashvili said.
But not yet. He forecast growth of 7 percent both this year and in 2013.
Kvirikashvili joined the government formed by billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili following a shock October 1 parliamentary election win over the party of President Mikheil Saakashvili, leader of Georgia's democratic 'rose' revolution of 2003.
Saakashvili passed market reforms that helped boost growth in the Caucasus state - which suffered civil war and economic collapse after the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union - but the economy slumped after the brief war with Russia in 2008.
Now Ivanishvili, who built a Russian banking-to-retail empire worth $6.4 billion before entering politics in his native Georgia, is promising a pro-business environment in the South Caucasus state.
"If a strong middle-size business class is created in our country, we expect to reach double-digit GDP growth within two or three years," Kvirikashvili said.
"One of our main goals is elimination of monopolies as well as protection of property rights, releasing the judicial system from political pressure and creating sustainable legislation."
Construction, tourism and financial services generated high growth from 2004 to 2007 and 24-hour electricity was restored in the country of 4.5 million.
There was also a concerted fight against petty corruption, while public services improved and tax collection became more efficient. In the World Bank's latest Doing Business Index Georgia was the top-rated country in transition.
However, Georgia faces economic challenges, including a high 15 percent jobless rate and economic output per capita that, at $3,230 last year, was lower than many former Soviet countries.
Saakashvili also faced criticism from businesses for nurturing monopolies, for excessive state meddling in the economy and for failing to provide clarity on tax law.
Experts say that breaking up monopolies can stimulate faster growth in Georgia, courted by the West as a key transit route for Caspian oil to Europe but jealously eyed by Russia, which recognized two breakaway regions as independent states in 2008.
The economy has been growing again since 2010, but with the new administration seeking to stimulate growth further, inflation could rise from recent levels of around 1-2 percent.
"Inflation is very low and I would say lower than it should be ... That's why we project 4-5 percent annual inflation next year as this level is normal and will be stimulating growth in business," Kvirikashvili said.
RAILWAY IPO ON AGAIN
The new government is looking again at floating a one-quarter stake in the state rail monopoly, in a deal to raise $250 million that was postponed in May due to market volatility.
"We are talking about 25 percent stake in Georgian Railways ... I think it will be a good benchmark for foreign investors to assess risks in the country," Kvirikashvili said, cautioning however that market conditions remained uncertain.
He said the government also planned to develop the local stock exchange and integrate it with bourses in eastern Europe.
"There were some preliminary talks with representatives of Vienna and Warsaw stock exchanges ... There is big interest from stock exchanges in eastern Europe, plans on integration with them and merging of our platforms," Kvirikashvili said.
Kvirikashvili said he expected trade ties with Russia to be restored soon as the government is getting positive signals from Moscow.
"The first positive signal is that Russia issued 1,000 permits to Georgian cargo shippers ... We issued the same number of permits to Russian shippers," Kvirikashvili said.
(Reporting by Margarita Antidze; Editing by Douglas Busvine/Jeremy Gaunt)
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