Egyptian factions stage final rallies before referendum

CAIRO Thu Dec 13, 2012 5:27pm EST

1 of 3. An anti-Mursi protester holds a Cross and a Koran at Tahrir Square in Cairo December 12, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Khaled Abdullah

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CAIRO (Reuters) - Supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi stage final rallies on Friday before a divisive referendum on a new constitution championed by the Islamist leader as a way out of the worst crisis since the fall of Hosni Mubarak.

Cairo and other cities have seen a series of often violent demonstrations over the past three weeks since Mursi assumed sweeping new powers to push through the constitution, which he sees as a vital element of Egypt's transition to democracy.

At least eight people have died and hundreds have been injured and a leading opposition figure warned of more blood on the streets during the voting this Saturday and next on a draft the opposition says is too Islamist.

The referendum asks Egyptians to accept or reject a basic law that has to be in place before national elections can be held early next year - an event many hope can steer the Arab world's most populous nation towards stability.

To bolster support for the constitution, the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood, which propelled Mursi to power in June's presidential election, will assemble at a mosque not far from the president's palace in Cairo.

A little later in the day, the liberal, secular and Christian opposition will rally in favor of a vote against the basic law outside the palace and in Tahrir Square, symbolic center of the revolt that toppled Mubarak in 2011.

"During the referendum, I believe there will be blood and a lot of antagonism, so it is not right to hold a referendum," Ahmed Said of the National Salvation Front told Reuters.

Despite the opposition push for a "no" vote, the measure is expected to pass given the well-organized Muslim Brotherhood's record of winning elections since the fall of Mubarak. Many Egyptians, tired of turmoil, may simply fall in line.


The first round of voting on Saturday will take place in Cairo and other major cities and could presage the overall result if it is a fairly solid "yes" as many expect.

To provide security for the vote, the army has been deployed in force, with state television showing ranks of soldiers receiving their orders to protect polling stations and other government buildings. About 120,000 troops and 6,000 tanks and armored vehicles will be deployed.

While the military backed Mubarak and his predecessors, it has not intervened on either side in the present crisis.

The vote has proved hugely controversial, with supporters of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood fighting on the streets with opposition groups.

The opposition says the constitution does not reflect the aspirations of all 83 million Egyptians because it is too Islamist and tramples on minority rights, including those of the Christian community. Mursi's supporters say the constitution is needed if progress is to be made towards democracy.

While the opposition is telling its supporters to vote "no", it has also threatened to boycott proceedings if guarantees for a fair vote are not met. But staying away from the process could risk a loss of credibility, political experts say.

Many ordinary Egyptians are well aware of how contentious the constitution is, but simply want to get it out of the way so the country can move ahead to a more stable future.

"Do I like the constitution?" asked Ahmed Helmy, a 35-year-old engineer in Tahrir Square. "No. But I want the referendum to take place so we can get out of this prolonged transitional period that's making me and millions of Egyptians wish we had left the country."

(Additional reporting by Edmund Blair, Yasmine Saleh and Marwa Awad; Editing by Philippa Fletcher)

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Comments (5)
JapanViewer wrote:
How ironic, where the Islamist are using democracy to curtail democracy, a tactic used by the communists, who used democracy to take away democracy. And even if this is all fair and democratic, voting for an Islamic agenda is voting for an agenda that is Koran based, which in turn means no rights for any other religions or minorities or women. The Koran makes it the duty of every true Muslim to wage an eternal jihad until the entire world is converted to Islam, by any means, including force and deception, so even if the new constitution contains some references to minorities, its just deception, which is sanctioned by the Koran.

Dec 13, 2012 11:46am EST  --  Report as abuse
Crash866 wrote:
Ahhh the romantic Arab Spring brought to you by the Muslim Brotherhood, Facebook, Twitter and the Global Main Stream Media…

Dec 13, 2012 3:12pm EST  --  Report as abuse
reality-again wrote:
The Arab world has known similar periods or turmoil, confusion, and extremism in the past.
In the fifties and sixties they called it ‘Socialism’ and ‘Anti-Imperialism’, and it was sponsored by the now defunct USSR.

Sadly, the current Arab spring increasingly looks like another long ‘full steam ahead to nowhere’ journey.

Dec 13, 2012 4:52pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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