Gulf Arabs decry Iran "interference" in region

MANAMA Tue Dec 25, 2012 10:39am EST

Dignitaries pose for a group photo prior to the start of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Summit at Sakhir Palace in Sakhir south of Manama, Bahrain, December 24, 2012. (From L-R) Bahrain's Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa, Emirates' Vice President Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maqtoom, Deputy Premier of Omani Cabinet Affairs Fahd Bin Humoud Al Saieed, Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah al Ahmed, King of Bahrain Hamad bin Isa al Khalifa, Saudi Crown Prince Salman al Saud, Qatari Crown Prince Sheikh Tameem bin Hamad al Thani and Bahrain Crown Prince Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa. REUTERS/Hamad I Mohammed

Dignitaries pose for a group photo prior to the start of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Summit at Sakhir Palace in Sakhir south of Manama, Bahrain, December 24, 2012. (From L-R) Bahrain's Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa, Emirates' Vice President Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maqtoom, Deputy Premier of Omani Cabinet Affairs Fahd Bin Humoud Al Saieed, Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah al Ahmed, King of Bahrain Hamad bin Isa al Khalifa, Saudi Crown Prince Salman al Saud, Qatari Crown Prince Sheikh Tameem bin Hamad al Thani and Bahrain Crown Prince Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa.

Credit: Reuters/Hamad I Mohammed

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MANAMA (Reuters) - Six U.S.-allied Gulf Arab states demanded on Tuesday that Iran end what they called interference in the region, reiterating a long-held mistrust of their main rival.

The Islamic Republic denies trying to subvert Saudi Arabia and its wealthy Gulf neighbors.

A communique issued at the end of a two-day summit of the Saudi-led Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) also urged action to halt mass killings and violations of international law in Syria.

The oil-producing GCC states wield influence out of proportion to their sparse populations due in part to global energy and investment links, generous international aid and Saudi Arabia's role as home to Islam's two holiest sites.

"The council expressed its rejection and condemnation of the continuing Iranian interference in the affairs of the Gulf Cooperation Council's states and called on Iran to stop these policies," the communique said.

On the conflict in Syria, the statement, read out by GCC Secretary-General Abdulatif al-Zayani, added: "We ask the international community for serious and swift moves to stop these massacres and these severe attacks".

Kuwait said it would host an international humanitarian donor conference for Syria in late January, amid concern for millions of Syrians suffering war, homelessness and winter cold.

"LOTS OF MEDDLING"

Gulf Arab leaders have long called for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down, and in November the GCC recognized a newly-formed opposition coalition as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people.

The communique did not elaborate on Iran, but the most common Gulf Arab complaint about alleged Iranian meddling in the region relates to Bahrain, which has repeatedly accused Tehran of interference in its internal politics.

Iran sees the Gulf as its own backyard and believes it has a legitimate interest in expanding its influence there.

Bahraini Foreign Minister Khalid Bin Ahmed Bin Mohammed Al Khalifa told reporters Iran posed a "very serious threat".

"Politically, (there is) lots of meddling in the affairs of GCC states; an environmental threat to our region from the technology used inside nuclear facilities; and there is of course the looming nuclear program," he said, referring to Iran's disputed atomic work.

"So the threat level is quite high, but we are ready if faced with circumstances that require action."

While not racked by disturbances on the scale of Syria or Egypt, Bahrain has been volatile since pro-democracy protests led by its Shi'ite Muslim majority erupted last year.

Scattered smoke plumes rose from Bahrain's Sitra and Sanabis districts on Tuesday, apparently caused by youths burning tires, but no major demonstrations were reported by activists.

Bahrain's Sunni Muslim rulers brought in Saudi and United Arab Emirates forces last year to help quell the protests, and Shi'ite power Iran condemned the move, saying it could lead to regional instability. Bahrain has accused Iran of being behind the unrest. Tehran denies this.

GCC FORCE LONG SEEN AS INEFFECTIVE

Bahrain's Shi'ites say they are marginalized politically and economically, a charge the government denies. It has rejected the protesters' main demand for an elected government.

The summit statement said the GCC would set up a unified military command to tighten defense cooperation but offered few details of a project long prey to sensitivities about sovereignty. Security in the waterway, through which 40 percent of the world's seaborne oil exports passes, has been dominated for decades by the United States.

But uprisings against long-standing governments across the Middle East and rivalry with Iran over the conflict in Syria have stirred calls among Gulf Arabs to speed up long-stymied efforts to integrate their own foreign and security policies.

The GCC said it had "supported the creation of a unified military command that organizes and plans and leads the ground, naval and air forces."

The communique did not elaborate. But Mustafa Alani, a security analyst, told Reuters that he understood the idea was to have a standing command rather than a functioning one, and that it would only operate in times of crisis.

The GCC already has a pan-GCC military force -- the 9,000-strong Peninsula Shield, created in 1986 and based in Saudi Arabia. It took part in the 1991 Gulf war and was deployed in Kuwait during the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003.

But the Saudi-based force is widely seen as ineffective. Gulf Arab states have faced a host of obstacles to military integration, including a lack of common equipment, their own reliance on their U.S. ally and concern among some states about potential Saudi dominance of any joint military effort.

(Reporting by Asma Alsharif; Writing by William Maclean; Editing by Alistair Lyon)

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Comments (21)
scythe wrote:
the usual whining from the bedouin carpet baggers

their funding of middle east salafist/wahabbi savagery makes them accomplices to war crimes

no different to the balkan wars

Dec 25, 2012 6:31am EST  --  Report as abuse
DeanMJackson wrote:
The article reads, “We ask the international community for serious and swift moves to stop these massacres and these severe attacks that contradict all religions and international laws and humanitarian principles.”

Very touching! And as a Believer, I do mean touching, but you Gulf States, and fellow Arab Brethren governments, have this “Long-Range Policy” against Israel that involves the suffering of Arabs living in the West Bank and Gaza.

When you created the “Palestinians” at your 1964 [first] Arab League Summit, your strategy was to use the newly minted “Palestinians” as your proxy to continue the war with Israel, allowing Israel to win the Six-Day War in order to operationalize the “new” strategy. The objective of the “new” Arab governments’ strategy: To wear Israel down in world condemnation, renounce a two-state solution for a one-state solution with Israel, thereby peacefully defeating the Zionists via the ballot!

Well, nice try Arab governments, but Israel, as you know, will not only raise that bet, but will call your hand. With what, you ask? Why, with the ballot too: Israel will give Jews all over the world the right to vote, thereby making moot your 50 year old strategy that has come to naught.

Hmm, all this suffering and massacres by both sides for what?

Arab governments, when are you going to learn that when God takes a piece of land away from the Ottoman Turks in 1918, ANY interference with His will (even by Muslims!) will not only be useless labor spent, but angers God in the extreme. And when God is angered in the extreme, you know what His severe justice is capable of, don’t you?

Dec 25, 2012 6:33am EST  --  Report as abuse
DeanMJackson wrote:
Par II (for Part I, see my comment above):

Oh, for those of you wondering why Arab governments had to change their strategy towards Israel in 1964…because Israel was “rumored” in 1963 to have either tested or acquired an atomic bomb.

Isn’t it interesting that no one has ever revealed the obvious fact that Arab governments would have to have altered their strategy towards Israel even before the Jewish state acquired a nuclear weapon?

Hmm, oil makes everyone shy from speaking even the obvious truth!

Dec 25, 2012 6:59am EST  --  Report as abuse
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