TEXT - Fitch rates Upper Iowa University revs BBB

Fri Jan 18, 2013 4:12pm EST

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Jan 18 - Fitch Ratings has assigned a 
'BBB' rating to $22 million of private college facility (PCF) revenue bonds, 
series 2012, issued by the Iowa Higher Education Loan Authority (IHELA) on 
behalf of Upper Iowa University (UIU, or the university).

The series 2012 bond proceeds will fund the construction and equipping of two 
new residence halls, various infrastructure improvements, costs of issuance, 
capitalized interest and a debt service reserve.

In addition, Fitch affirms the rating on $43.985 million outstanding IHELA PCF 
revenue bonds at 'BBB'.

The Rating Outlook is revised to Negative from Stable.

SECURITY

The bonds are a general obligation of the university, payable from all legally 
available resources.

KEY RATING DRIVERS

AGGRESSIVE PROJECTIONS UNDERPIN REBOUND: The Negative Outlook reflects Fitch's 
view that the projections to return UIU's financial performance to the 
historically positive levels that underpin the 'BBB' rating are aggressive. 
Fitch notes that a combination of careful expense management and increases in 
both enrollment and tuition rates are required to meet the necessary benchmarks,
and failure in any of these areas could compromise near-term recovery.

OPERATIONAL FLEXIBILITY COMPROMISED: The trend of operating surpluses was 
discontinued in fiscal 2012 as the university produced a 3.7% deficit. Though 
improvement is expected, UIU's cash-basis budgeting will likely result in 
modestly negative operating results through fiscal 2014.

DEBT AFFORDABILITY LINKED TO IMPROVEMENT: Fitch has historically considered 
UIU's moderately high debt burden manageable given the cash flow available to 
service annual obligations. Improvements in fiscal 2013, as compared to fiscal 
2012, are required to maintain adequate cash flow coverage to support this key 
credit characteristic.  

STABILIZING ENROLLMENT: After some enrollment volatility during the 2011-12 
academic year contributed to below-budget revenue generation in fiscal 2012, 
UIU's enrollment levels have rebounded in fall 2012, providing support for the 
somewhat improved financial results expected in fiscal 2013.

WHAT COULD TRIGGER A RATING ACTION 

INABILITY TO ACHIEVE PROJECTIONS: Failure on the part of UIU to achieve 
projected incremental financial operating improvements in each of the next four 
fiscal years, culminating in solidly positive margin by fiscal 2016, will likely
trigger negative rating action.

ADDITIONAL DEBT ISSUANCE:  The issuance of additional revenue bonds prior to the
stabilization of financial operating performance and without a corresponding 
increase in resources available for repayment could result in negative rating 
action.

CREDIT PROFILE

The Negative Outlook indicates recently weakened financial performance in fiscal
2012 and the aggressive nature of the projections that underpin recovery in the 
near term. In fiscal 2012, a combination of factors resulted in an operating 
deficit of 3.7% as compared to an average surplus of 5.8% in the prior five 
fiscal years (2007 - 2011). The primary issues included weakened non-traditional
enrollment as the university transitioned to a new, more centralized enrollment 
process, booking certain accrual-based liabilities and increasing depreciation 
expense.

Some of the issues that drove the deficit have been addressed for fiscal 2013, 
including enrollment growth consistent with budgeted expectations and 
incorporating the expense methodology implemented in fiscal 2012; however, the 
university is still projecting a modest GAAP-basis deficit. The lack of 
financial flexibility that will characterize UIU during the multi-year recovery 
period creates a significant credit concern, particularly given the university's
limited balance sheet cushion and somewhat high debt burden. Fitch considers the
Negative Outlook as appropriate to encapsulate real potential for negative 
rating action should the university fail to achieve incremental annual 
improvement in the immediate term.

UIU provided Fitch with projections which contemplate a return to solidly 
positive operating results by fiscal 2016. The recovery requires solid increases
in student-generated revenues and stringent expense management practices. The 
growth in student generated revenues is predicated on growing enrollment by 3% 
per year and escalating tuition by approximately 3% annually. Expense growth 
must be monitored diligently given that annual operating expenses have grown by 
an average of 13.5% in each of the last five fiscal years. Further, depreciation
expense will increase in fiscal 2014 and 2015 as the university's debt-financed 
capital projects are brought online. Fitch views these assumptions as 
aggressive, and notes that shortfalls in any of these areas could result in 
negative rating action.

UIU was founded in 1857 in Fayette, Iowa. The university offers both 
undergraduate and graduate level programming at its residential Fayette campus, 
20 educational extension centers in the Midwest, three international campuses, 
and a distance education center. UIU's use of multiple education delivery 
modalities is viewed favorably, as demand for the different modalities is not 
correlated. With six distinct starting points during each academic year, 
students take two full-credit courses over eight-week terms, providing 
flexibility to meet degree requirements.
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