India "concerned" by China role in Pakistan port

BANGALORE Wed Feb 6, 2013 6:54am EST

India's Defence Minister A.K. Antony waits to speak at a plenary session of the 11th International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) Asia Security Summit: The Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore in this file photo taken June 2, 2012. REUTERS/Tim Chong

India's Defence Minister A.K. Antony waits to speak at a plenary session of the 11th International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) Asia Security Summit: The Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore in this file photo taken June 2, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Tim Chong

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BANGALORE (Reuters) - China's role in operating a strategically important port in Pakistan is a matter of concern for India, its defense minister said on Wednesday, as New Delhi and Beijing jostle for influence in the region.

Indian policy-makers have long been wary of a string of strategically located ports being built by Chinese companies in its neighborhood, as India beefs up its military clout to compete with its Asian rival.

Management of Gwadar port, around 600 km (370 miles) from Karachi and close to Pakistan's border with Iran, was handed over to state-run Chinese Overseas Port Holdings last week after previously being managed by Singapore's PSA International.

"It is a matter of concern to us," Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony told reporters when asked about Chinese control of the port.

When complete, the port, which is close to the Strait of Hormuz, a key oil shipping lane, is seen opening up an energy and trade corridor from the Gulf, across Pakistan to western China, and could be used by the Chinese Navy, analysts say.

"It will enable (China) to deploy military capability in the region," said Jay Ranade, of the Centre for Air Power Studies and a former additional secretary at the government of India. "Having control of Gwadar, China is basically getting an entry into the Arabian Sea and the Gulf."

China has also funded ports in Hambantota, Sri Lanka, and Chittagong in Bangladesh, both India's neighbors.

"Gwadar is a more serious development than the others," Ranade said, as the Pakistani port gives China base facilities.

A Pakistani foreign ministry official told Reuters that the port was none of India's business.

"India has no concern with whoever Pakistan decides to work with on Gwadar," said the official, who declined to be identified. "We first had a deal with Singapore but that didn't work out as desired. Singapore's PSA International and the Chinese have settled the deal."

China and India fought a brief border war in 1962. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said last week that Gwadar was a commercial project, part of long-standing bilateral cooperation. "China will actively support any program that benefits China-Pakistan relations and the prosperity of Pakistan," he told reporters.

India, the world's biggest arms importer in recent years, plans to spend around $100 billion over the next 10 years in upgrading its mostly Soviet-era military hardware to keep pace with China's ramping up of defense spending.

The country was bound to modernize its armed forces in response to China's own modernization, Indian Defense Minister Antony said at an air show in the southern city of Bangalore, adding that strengthening its north-eastern border with China was not a confrontation with its neighbor.

"It is our duty. If they are doing it, we will also do it," said Antony, adding that the presence of a Chinese delegation at the show was a "welcome step", without elaborating.

Despite the push to overhaul its military, India's defense budget would not escape a tightening of government spending this year, Antony said, as New Delhi looks to rein in its fiscal deficit.

"Our priority areas will not face budget cuts. Those essential to operational preparedness, there won't be any budget cuts," Antony said.

A long-awaited deal for India to buy 126 Rafale fighter jets from France's Dassault Aviation was being reviewed by a cost negotiation committee, Antony said, adding that the delay in finalizing the deal was not due to budget cuts.

India selected the Rafale from several options and entered into exclusive talks with Dassault for the $15 billion contract more than a year ago.

(Additional reporting by Mehreen Zahra-Malik in ISLAMABAD; Writing by Henry Foy; Editing by Matthias Williams and Nick Macfie)

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Comments (2)
MikeBarnett wrote:
As the author points out, China and India fought a war in 1962 over a disputed border that was drawn by the British Empire in the 1800′s. China fought another war in 1979 with Vietnam over a disputed border drawn by the French Empire in the 1800′s. How many wars, invasions, and interventions has the US conducted since 1962? Were they fought over imperial border disputes or because the US believes that it has the right to bomb and invade countries that do not obey US orders?

China maintains, and has maintained for years, a flotilla of warships in the Indian Ocean as part of the International Naval Force that combats Somali pirates. Chinese warships have accepted orders from US naval officers when those officers commanded the INF. China and other Indian Ocean trading nations would benefit from a Chinese supply base in the Indian Ocean.

In addition, China sold Pakistan three warships that Pakistan has used to combat Somali pirates. Indian warships have fought Somali pirates. China, India, and Pakistan have fought in the same naval campaign, in the same theater of operations, and on the same side without engaging in naval clashes against each other.

Finally, China is India’s biggest trading partner. The economy pays for the war machine and the military’s technological tools. Improving trade between China, India, and Pakistan would improve the security of all three countries.

Feb 06, 2013 11:36am EST  --  Report as abuse
Pterosaur wrote:
India and Japan share the common illness: Greed. It keeps the land that the West has conquered from China and left it to them.

Now, that guilt keeps haunting these two nations and the fear of being attacked by China if not returning the land are eating these two nations.

China has been quite patient to its neighbors, hoping that they could be reasonable one day and that no war is needed to settle the unfinished business so that 21st century will be Asians. Unfortunately, these two nations, not only do not appreciate this, but also ganging up with its colonizer to keep the land stolen from China.

Well, what should be done will be done…

Feb 07, 2013 10:11pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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