Iran says it has begun upgrading uranium centrifuges

DUBAI Wed Feb 13, 2013 11:24am EST

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visits the Natanz nuclear enrichment facility, 350 km (217 miles) south of Tehran, in this file photo taken April 8, 2008. REUTERS/Presidential official website/Handout

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visits the Natanz nuclear enrichment facility, 350 km (217 miles) south of Tehran, in this file photo taken April 8, 2008.

Credit: Reuters/Presidential official website/Handout

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DUBAI (Reuters) - Iran said on Wednesday it had started installing a new generation of machines for enriching uranium, an announcement likely to annoy the West and complicate efforts to resolve a decade-old dispute over its nuclear program.

It came on the day the U.N. nuclear watchdog began talks in Tehran to try to advance a long-stalled investigation into suspected military dimensions of the program.

Iran had already told the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that it planned to introduce new IR2-m centrifuges to its main enrichment plant near the central town of Natanz - a step that could significantly speed up its accumulation of material that the West fears could be used to develop a nuclear weapon.

"From last month the installation of the new generation of these machines started," Fereydoun Abbasi-Davani, head of Iran's Atomic Energy Organisation, was quoted as saying by the Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA).

"We have produced the machines as planned and we are carrying out the installation gradually ... to complete the tests."

One diplomat accredited to the Vienna-based IAEA, which regularly monitors Iranian nuclear sites including the one at Natanz, said he was surprised by the Iranian announcement.

"My understanding until (Abbasi-Davani's statement) was that they hadn't started installation," the envoy said.

Enriched uranium can fuel nuclear power plants, Iran's stated aim, or, if refined to a high degree, provide material for bombs, which the West suspects is Tehran's real purpose - something Iran strenuously denies.

If deployed successfully, new-generation centrifuges could refine uranium several times faster than the model Iran now has.

It was not clear how many of the new centrifuges Iran aimed to install at Natanz, which is designed for tens of thousands; an IAEA note to members implied it could be up to 3,000 or so.

Abbasi-Davani said the new machines were specifically for lower-grade enrichment of uranium to below 5 percent purity.

STOCKPILE FEARS

Iran has been enriching some uranium up to a concentration of 20 percent fissile material, only a short step from weapons grade of 90 percent, and it is this stockpile that has prompted Israel and the United States to warn that they will do whatever is necessary to prevent Iran being able to build a bomb.

The major world powers have imposed sanctions to try to press Tehran to give up nuclear activities with a possible military dimension, while Iran wants them to recognize what it sees as its right to refine uranium for peaceful purposes.

The big powers' next talks with Iran are scheduled for February 26, although few expect any movement from Tehran before its presidential election in June.

The announcement of the new centrifuges "could be perceived as an effort prior to any negotiation by Iran to collect as many as bargaining chips as it can", said nuclear proliferation expert Mark Hibbs at the Carnegie Endowment think tank.

"It doesn't necessarily mean they are shutting the door."

The IAEA has been trying for over a year to secure the access that its inspectors say they need to investigate suspicions of nuclear weapons research.

Its immediate priority is to visit the Parchin military base southeast of Tehran, where it suspects explosives tests relevant to nuclear weapons may have taken place, perhaps a decade ago, an accusation Tehran denies.

Iran is ready to come to a "comprehensive agreement" with the IAEA if its nuclear rights were recognized, and this could include a Parchin visit, the Foreign Ministry said on Tuesday.

But Abbasi-Davani played this down on Wednesday.

"Currently there is no talk about a visit to Parchin or any other site, " he said, according to the Fars agency.

Iran on Tuesday confirmed a Reuters report that it had begun converting small amounts of its 20-percent enriched uranium into reactor fuel, a move that, if expanded, could slow the growth in its stockpile.

But Abbasi-Davani said on Wednesday that the conversion was only taking place to feed the Tehran Research Reactor.

"This is not aimed at limiting the stockpiles of the 20 percent uranium and will not be," he said, according to Fars.

(Additional reporting by Zahra Hosseinian in Zurich and Fredrik Dahl in Vienna; Editing by Kevin Liffey)

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Comments (3)
quatra wrote:
Once again, who’s supplying the centrifuges and how do they get to the production sites? Or are you going to tell me the Iranians are building them in their garage and that the equipment is getting to the sites just like drugs seem to get from the Mexican-US border to N. York, Chicago, etc. just by teleportation?

Feb 13, 2013 1:09pm EST  --  Report as abuse
quatra wrote:
Once again, who’s supplying the centrifuges and how do they get to the production sites? Or are you going to tell me the Iranians are building them in their garage and that the equipment is getting to the sites just like drugs seem to get from the Mexican-US border to N. York, Chicago, etc. just by teleportation?

Feb 13, 2013 1:09pm EST  --  Report as abuse
MikeBarnett wrote:
Every time a member of the US government has work done on his or her car, they could be planning a suicide car bombing against the US. Therefore, we should launch drone strikes against every member of the US government to prevent these terrorist attacks against the US. Then, we should launch lethal police raids against the US “pilots” and support staff of the drones to make sure we don’t miss any of the terrorist thugs and criminals who have infiltrated the US government.

When are Americans going to stop creating problems that they don’t have? Those Americans who use computers probably see start-up messages advising them to update their systems with new versions. The same need applies to automobiles and all other mechanical devices, including centrifuges. Further, the Iranian machines are “specifically for lower-grade enrichment of uranium to below 5 percent purity.”

Unfortunately, America wants new wars everywhere in the world, so the US must be restrained. Iran has revealed a new stealth fighter that can challenge US and Israeli stealth aircraft. Iran revealed, with the capture of the US RQ-170 stealth drone, that it has stealth detecting radars. Iran also revealed hacking programs to take control of intruding aircraft and missile systems or to take control of enemy defensive systems if retaliation is necessary. The upgraded, low-level centrifuges have upgraded, higher level defenses.

Feb 13, 2013 3:02pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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