EU considers easing sanctions on rebel-held areas of Syria

BRUSSELS Thu Feb 21, 2013 3:32pm EST

A member of the Free Syrian Army carries weapons while walking down a debris-filled street in Aleppo's district of Salaheddine February 19, 2013. REUTERS/Abdalghne Karoof

A member of the Free Syrian Army carries weapons while walking down a debris-filled street in Aleppo's district of Salaheddine February 19, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Abdalghne Karoof

Related Topics


MH17 crash site

The aftermath of the Malaysian airliner crash.  Slideshow 

BRUSSELS (Reuters) - European governments might ease economic sanctions on rebel-held areas of Syria, including a ban on importing oil, in an effort to tilt the balance of the conflict against President Bashar al-Assad.

Germany has proposed that sanctions be reviewed, and possibly lifted, in coming months in territory under opposition control. That might allow EU states to resume trade there and create sources of cash for the opposition, EU diplomats said on Thursday.

Such a move would mark a significant step up in European support for the rebels, locked in a 23-month conflict that has killed around 70,000 people, and could allow them to build up local governance and obtain humanitarian aid.

"In the areas where the opposition holds control, it is important to give them more stability as far as their economic situation is concerned," said one EU diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity.

No detailed discussions have been held among EU officials on the issue yet, but two other diplomats said there were no substantial objections for now and more talks would be scheduled starting in March.

Current EU sanctions on Syria include a ban on Syrian oil imports to Europe - a significant source of revenue for Assad - as well as an arms embargo and prohibitions on investment in the energy sector.

Lifting some restrictions could allow opposition groups to start selling oil to Europe, the main buyer of Syrian crude before sanctions were put in place in September 2011.

Earlier in February, rebels seized the town of al-Shaddadeh in an eastern oil-producing province of Syria after three days of heavy fighting.

The Hasakah province, an ethnically-mixed area of Arabs and Kurds, accounts for most of Syria's oil output, which is estimated to have fallen by a third to no more than 100,000 barrels per day since the uprising against Assad's rule erupted in March 2011.

Rebels also hold territory in rural northern Syria, where they also control border crossings with Turkey.


European governments have held back giving direct aid to the opposition, or granting full recognition to the Syria National Coalition, largely because of concerns over the presence of radical Islamists among the rebels and accusations by U.N. investigators of war crimes committed by rebel fighters.

Earlier this week, the EU took steps to provide more help, potentially including security advice to rebel groups, following a push by Britain to ease the arms embargo to supply the opposition.

Other EU governments have so far rejected the idea of allowing arms shipments to anti-Assad groups, but easing oil sanctions could offer them the financial means to buy weapons elsewhere.

"It's not that we are supporting the opposition," said one EU diplomat. "But we (could) give them an opportunity to trade so they can choose what they spend the money on."

The EU is also a major provider of humanitarian aid to Syria, with more than 300 million euros ($397 million) worth of aid offered so far. Getting access to rebel territory is particularly difficult and easing trade sanctions could address that.

"This could be a way to channel aid into these areas," said Julien Barnes-Dacey of the European Council on Foreign Relations.

For a list of EU sanctions against Syria, see: here

(Reporting by Justyna Pawlak; editing by Andrew Roche)

We welcome comments that advance the story through relevant opinion, anecdotes, links and data. If you see a comment that you believe is irrelevant or inappropriate, you can flag it to our editors by using the report abuse links. Views expressed in the comments do not represent those of Reuters. For more information on our comment policy, see
Comments (1)
HumanFriend wrote:
Well, if Europe doesn’t listen to their Masters who are attacking Syrians (People, Army and System) since March 2011 under the pretext that their President is another dictator (tyrant and killer) hence the world, as declared by Obama, should get rid of him as soon as possible (as it became a la mode before attacking, destroying and controlling a country), I would personally be real surprised that Europe has restored at last its freedom and independence, lost in WW2 by the hands of its… so-called saviours. After all, it would be a good idea removing the sanctions on the areas that the foreign attackers were able occupying in Syria (now) so that Syrians can find a way getting more of what they need (due to the US sanctions imposed via the US anti-European Systems ruling Europe) from them… in a way or another. For instance, Jesus was killed by a whole nation just for telling openly the truth and I don’t think the world has changed in this respect ;)

Feb 22, 2013 9:17am EST  --  Report as abuse
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.