In strawberry fields, immigration reform holds sweet promise

OXNARD, California Wed Apr 17, 2013 12:10am EDT

1 of 12. Field workers pick strawberries in Oxnard, California, April 16, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Gus Ruelas

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OXNARD, California (Reuters) - California farm worker Antonia Espinoza would likely be throwing in the towel and heading back to her native Mexico to see her children, if not for the work of eight U.S. senators in Washington.

The bipartisan group of senators unveiled on Tuesday their proposal for immigration reform that would remove the threat of deportation for millions of undocumented workers and open a door for them to one day become U.S. citizens.

Espinoza, 32, lives with her U.S.-born daughter but is missing the other four children she left behind in Mexico so she could work in the strawberry fields in Oxnard, California, where pickers can take home $80 to $100 a shift on good days.

If not for the promise of legislation, she said on Tuesday, "I would be there right now."

"It's been too long. I want to see them now. I can't because, if this legislation passes, I'll have papers and I won't have to worry," said Espinoza, who is from Oaxaca, Mexico, and has not seen her children there during her latest four-year stay in the United States.

"I hope this time they're going to do it and not just talk about it," she said.

The proposed bill, which President Barack Obama endorsed on Tuesday, gives farm laborers like Espinoza a faster path toward U.S. citizenship than other undocumented workers.

It would give legal status to undocumented workers who were employed in agriculture in the past two years. After five to seven years, they could apply for permanent residency. Other workers would have to wait 10 years.

United Farm Workers union President Arturo Rodriguez estimates that a million farm workers and their families could gain legal status under the Senate bill.

"This is a huge step forward," Rodriguez said, adding that the workers would be able to buy cars and homes, engage openly in society and travel without fear. They also would have more protections on the job.

While the bill is touted by its Republican and Democratic supporters as the best chance to overhaul immigration since the 1980s, it will likely face a months-long battle, with the biggest challenge expected in the Republican-led House of Representatives.

Pro-reform advocates like Rodriguez have also said it is time for the United States to have a legal workforce to produce its food. A large part of the agricultural workforce, 60 percent by one estimate, is undocumented but is vital for growing fruit, vegetables and other crops and tending livestock.

In California, laborers from Mexico and Central America help make it the No. 1 farm state, with over $43 billion in cash receipts in 2011.

The state also supplies some 85 percent of the country's strawberries, and no place is more abundant in that crop than Oxnard, 60 miles west of downtown Los Angeles. Crews stoop in the green rows that stretch over the flat plain, plucking the red fruit with swift flicks of the wrist.

While the passage of legislation will allow them to stay and work, some workers appear to be just as interested in the ability to leave.

Adolfo Rodriguez Lopez, 41, has never returned to Mexico to visit his wife and four sons in Ensenada, Mexico, during the 12 years he has lived in the United States.

"When they get sick and you need (to) see them, you're not able to," said Rodriguez Lopez.

"Not only is it important (to) see my family, there is a certain tranquility of knowing that you're legally here and don't have to worry about the police," he said.

(Additional reporting by Charles Abbott in Washington; Editing by Mary Milliken and Philip Barbara)

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Comments (4)
avocadotree wrote:
Where is all the money that the worker earned during her illegal stay? Did she spend it all on herself, enjoying the good life, or send the majority of it away to a foreign country? Why is this not dicsussed? What about the fact she is living illegally in USA, when others are trying to enter legally? Is she using the US health care facility locally when ill? who pays for that? There has to be penalties and restitution in place before citizenship can happen, and the border has to be sealed first.

Apr 17, 2013 11:16am EDT  --  Report as abuse
SanPa wrote:
If there were no illegal immigrant workers, the berries would either rot in the fields OR the corporate farm owner would be forced to pay a real, living wage to get the work done. In the end, the bill will kick up inflation.

Apr 20, 2013 9:39am EDT  --  Report as abuse
AdamSmith wrote:
If American ag corporations started offering GOOD wages to American laborers, perhaps $35/hour, there would be millions of American citizens waiting in line to get the jobs.

Consider Japan, which has an extremely productive agricultural industry.

The average agricultural laborer in Japan makes 50 times the pay rate of a laborer in Bangladesh. That means a Bangladesh laborer, if he moves to Japan, can, in just one week of work, make the equivalent of one year’s wages.

With modern air transportation, the expense of traveling from Bangladesh to Japan is feasible. And there are millions of Bangladesh laborers who urgently want to do it.

That begs the QUESTION: Are many Bangladesh laborers migrating to Japan?

The ANSWER: None. The Japanese have a cohesive culture. They value their fellow Japanese above the citizens of other nations. The Japanese have their own laborers that they want to keep employed at good, solid wages, that allows the laborers to marry and raise children, in an environment free from poverty and destitution.
The Japanese do not allow ag land owners to import foreigners in order to drive down wage rates, like America does.

Thus the Japanese have one of the most productive societies on Earth, and are famous for economic productivity, courtesy, and high income levels. Japan has the lowest crime rate of any country.

One of the reasons is because they do NOT allow significant levels of immigration. They know it is suicide for any culture to do what America is doing today by allowing immigration of everybody and anybody.

In the Immigration Act of 1924, America too, banned large scale immigration. But today, big money, in its insatiable appetite for more profits, is destroying the American middle class.

Apr 20, 2013 10:03am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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