Turkish protesters break Ramadan fast as police stand by

ISTANBUL Tue Jul 9, 2013 4:38pm EDT

1 of 2. Anti-government protesters eat as they break their fast on the first day of the holy month of Ramadan as police officers take position at Taksim Square in Istanbul July 9, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Osman Orsal

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ISTANBUL (Reuters) - Turkish police allowed thousands of protesters who have been trying to block the redevelopment of a park in Istanbul to break their Ramadan fast on Tuesday before resuming efforts to get them to leave the area.

The previous night police fired teargas and water cannon at protesters as they tried to prevent them gathering in Gezi Park, which has become the focal point of protests against Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan's government.

Two leftist Muslim groups sympathetic to the protests, the Revolutionary Muslims and Anti-Capitalist Muslims, hosted fast-breaking iftar dinner in a nearby pedestrian street by the Gezi Park on the first day of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.

The local municipality also hosted a dinner in Taksim Square by the Gezi Park and people marched in the park afterwards.

Police used loudspeakers to warn people to leave, while people booed and clapped, but the police did not intervene.

The park had been sealed off for three weeks after police expelled the residents of a protest camp there.

"I hope the state will understand what these people have been trying to say with the protests. It is a constitutional right to enter a public space and protest," Ozge Dogu, a 23-year-old university student, said.

CLASHES

After a police crackdown on a small demonstration on May 31 against plans to redevelop Gezi Park, the protests grew into broader action against what critics see as Erdogan's increasingly authoritarian style of government.

Gezi Park reopened to visitors on Monday afternoon but hours later police forced people out due to concerns about a planned protest rally. Clashes erupted in nearby streets before police allowed people back into the park around midnight.

The Taksim Solidarity group of political parties and non-governmental organizations opposed to the park's redevelopment said police detained more than 80 people in Monday's clashes.

One 17-year-old suffered a brain hemorrhage after being hit by a gas canister and was being treated at a nearby hospital, a medical association official said.

The Gezi protests have been unprecedented in Erdogan's rule, which began in 2002 with the election of his AK Party. He has pushed reforms in the economy and curtailed the power of a military that had toppled four governments in four decades.

A Turkish court has canceled the Taksim Square redevelopment project but the authorities can appeal against the ruling.

(Additional reporting by Can Sezer; Writing by Daren Butler and Seda Sezer; Editing by Michael Roddy)

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