Uruguay's Congress debates bill to regulate legal marijuana use

MONTEVIDEO Wed Jul 31, 2013 7:26pm EDT

1 of 4. People look at a televised broadcast on a screen of legislators debating a measure backed by leftist President Jose Mujica that would create a government body to control the cultivation and sale of marijuana and allow people to grow it at home or as part of smoking clubs, in Montevideo July 31, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Andres Stapff

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MONTEVIDEO (Reuters) - Legislators in Uruguay hotly debated on Wednesday a measure backed by leftist President Jose Mujica that would create a government body to control the cultivation and sale of marijuana and allow people to grow it at home or as part of smoking clubs.

The use of marijuana is already legal in the South American nation, but sale and cultivation of it is not. A vote on the bill - expected to be very close - was due later on Wednesday in the lower chamber of Congress. If it passes, the measure would then go to the upper chamber for consideration.

Mujica, a former leftist guerrilla fighter, says the measure would control the marijuana trade under strict guidelines, help undermine drug-smuggling gangs and fight petty crime.

To avoid making the country a drug tourism destination, only Uruguayans would be allowed to use marijuana under the measure.

The bill's chances of passing improved when congressman Darío Pérez, a doctor and Mujica ally who previously opposed the measure, said he would vote for it.

Critics say the measure risks luring more Uruguayans to harder drugs and could rile fellow Latin American countries battling drug-related violence such as Colombia and Mexico.

Uruguay is one of Latin America's safest countries and is considered a trailblazer on liberal lawmaking. But polls show most Uruguayans oppose the proposal. The two main opposition parties were working to ensure that their members vote no.

"We are playing with fire," said congressman Gerardo Amarilla, a member of the conservative National Party who opposes the bill.

"In trying to find an outlet for change we are burying ourselves in a reality that is far worse," Amarilla added.

The legislation would establish a National Cannabis Institute to control the drug's production and distribution, impose sanctions on rule-breakers and design educational policies to warn about the risks of marijuana use.

Households would be permitted to grow up to six plants, or as much as 480 grams (about 17 ounces) of marijuana, per year under the measure. It also would set regulations for smoking clubs with up to 15 members, 90 plants and annual production of up to 7.2 kilograms (15.8 pounds).

"You can control production and sale, which will bring its own problems that will have to be addressed," said lawmaker Julio Bango, a Mujica ally in favor of the legislation. "Or you can have what you have now, which is chaos."

(Writing by Hugh Bronstein and Caroline Stauffer; Editing by Will Dunham)

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