Syrian opposition warcrimes record deepens peace plan faultline

GENEVA Mon Sep 16, 2013 2:15pm EDT

Free Syrian Army fighters walk through rubble inside the old city of Aleppo September 16, 2013. REUTERS/Nour Kelze

Free Syrian Army fighters walk through rubble inside the old city of Aleppo September 16, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Nour Kelze

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GENEVA (Reuters) - War crimes blamed on the Syrian opposition are predominantly being carried out by foreign fighters, a U.N. human rights investigator said on Monday, highlighting a deepening rift in the opposition that has been an obstacle to peace talks.

"If you're going to look for the (opposition) groups that are committing the worst crimes, look particularly for the foreign fighters, where the foreign fighters are fighting," Karen Koning Abuzayd told reporters in Geneva.

By contrast, Salim Idris, head of the Western-backed Supreme Military Council that oversees a loose grouping of rebels known as the Free Syrian Army, was trying to "infuse human rights law" and train soldiers in the rules of war, she said.

Abuzayd is one of the four lead members of the U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Syria, a body set up by the U.N. Human Rights Council two years ago to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Syrian conflict.

Although most of the commission's evidence has implicated forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad, its reports this year have directed increasing suspicion to opposition groups and are frequently cited by supporters of President Bashar al-Assad.

The commission's contrasting views of Syria's domestic opposition and the Jihadist foreign fighters may add to pressure on efforts to bring all parties to the conflict together for peace talks at a so-called "Geneva 2" conference.

Paulo Pinheiro, chairman of the U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Syria, said there were now foreign fighters from about 20 countries in Syria including some from Europe.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov hope to agree a date for the conference when they meet in New York at the end of September. International mediator Lakhdar Brahimi is currently seeking to convene all parties possibly around mid-October.

The conference guidelines set out by major powers in June 2012 require all parties to agree to a ceasefire but leave it to the Syrian people alone to determine their future through a transitional authority. That gives the foreign fighters a duty to lay down their arms but no say in the running of Syria once the conflict is over, making them a potential new enemy.

"The Syrian fighters, they say that only the first of the wars is fighting the government, and the second one is getting rid of these people. They don't want them," said Abuzayd.

Louay Meqdad, a spokesman for the Free Syrian Army, said the Supreme Military Council was very clear and would not condone any crime in Syria. He said the Free Syrian Army was short of resources while militants were getting stronger, taking control of oilfields and other valuable areas.

"We should face the problem and find the solution. They are fighting against us, against the Free Syrian Army. They killed some of our commanders," he told Reuters in Istanbul.

Diplomats say regional powers such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar that are funding the foreign fighters must agree to stop supporting them in order for a peace deal to be struck at Geneva. In return, Syria's allies Iran and Russia would have to stop supplying weapons to Assad's government.

However, there would be a risk that foreign fighters would remain in Syria and keep fighting.

"We need somehow somebody who has contacts with these foreign fighters who represent them in some way or another," said a U.N. official.

"Stopping the violence entails stopping these people," said a diplomat who expects to be involved in any Geneva 2 talks.

(Reporting by Tom Miles, additional reporting by Dasha Afanasieva in Istanbul; editing by Stephanie Nebehay and Ralph Boulton)

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Comments (5)
QuidProQuo wrote:
Well, Syrian people this whole thing is really up to you. If this truly Syria against Syria then you need to tell all non syrians in your country that have arms and and fighting jihad they are persona non grata. What the heck Syrians rose up in revolution over is still a wonder to me but if the Syrian people that are trying to overthrow their government have any real plans or goals for a unified country, you better get rid of the poison that is going to divide not just Syria but innocent countries as well. Hasn’t this exhausted all of you enough already? Can’t you somehow all get together with the curretn government and figure out what it is you are demanding and killing for? As far as I can see, the oppostion has not made a case to their own people that they have any experience in running a country and will do anything better than how it was.
You really don’t want to USA putting arms into your people’s hands. USA isn’t all that great about keeping track of where weapons go. If we can let one our own border patrol people get murded with US arms, you can guarantee your own people will also die by their interference.

Sep 16, 2013 3:38pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
wilhelm wrote:
cia-recruited mercenaries by any other name …

Sep 16, 2013 6:38pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
Fringerator wrote:
I wonder how the Syrian FSA feels knowing that if Assad falls the Jihadist’s will then try to destroy the FSA. What is the FSA’s plans if the Assad regime is deposed? Who will take his place? The Egyptian revolution was not prepared with a leader…and they got Murci.

Sep 16, 2013 7:37pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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