Venezuela authorities hunt 'currency tourists'

CARACAS Wed Oct 16, 2013 5:33pm EDT

1 of 5. A passenger presents her documents at a special check point of the state currency board Cadivi in the Simon Bolivar airport in La Guaira, outside Caracas October 15, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins

CARACAS (Reuters) - In the immigration area of Venezuela's biggest airport, about a dozen officials in red T-shirts and baseball caps randomly check passengers leaving the country.

The officials are not guards or police: they are bureaucrats at state currency board Cadivi investigating whether travelers' documents match their requests for hard-to-get dollars.

The new checks, launched this month, have contributed to infuriating, hours-long queues at the Simon Bolivar international airport, which serves Caracas, Venezuela's capital.

"Unfortunately, people are always going to try and beat the system," said photographer Francisco Blanco, looking irritated in a slow-moving queue before his flight to Paris.

"The problem is that we still have currency controls. So there are a lot of tricks going on. And with the black market price of the dollar so high, it's difficult to stop them."

So-called "currency tourism" has become a major problem for President Nicolas Maduro's socialist government as Venezuelans make profits using a play on the South American country's tightly regulated foreign exchange system.

There are strict limits on the availability of dollars at the official rate of 6.3 bolivars per dollar.

But with an airline ticket, an individual can exchange Venezuelan bolivars for up to $3,000 at that rate. Many of those greenbacks are diverted for sale on the black market, where each dollar can fetch about seven times the official rate.

The farther away the traveler's destination, the higher the allocation of dollars, meaning there is also a trade in illegal tickets to fool Cadivi when dollar requests are made.

"We're very rigorous on the authenticity of tickets," said Cadivi security manager Rafael Marfisi as a line of travelers hurried to have their details checked in a computerized database.

"Many people tell Cadivi they're going to destinations such as Costa Rica, Peru and Ecuador. And then they travel to closer places such as Panama, Aruba or Curacao."

A trip within the Caribbean entitles a Venezuelan to buy up to $1,000 from the government at the official rate, while Peru warrants the maximum allocation of $3,000.


A decade of currency controls, first put in place by late leader Hugo Chavez, has largely failed to reduce capital flight and inflation.

Venezuela's economy is beset by shortages of consumer goods, and annual inflation rose to almost 50 percent last month.

The checks take place after travelers have passed through security and before they reach the airport's passport desks.

The operation is a pilot program ordered by Maduro, who has vowed to crack down on currency tourism, which he says is part of an "economic war" being waged against his government.

"We've discovered people who ask for dollars on behalf of juveniles, and then later their children don't board the plane," Marfisi said. While there with a group of journalists, his team identified four travelers whose requests for dollars did not tally with their records.

Such cases are forwarded to state prosecutors, who will then decide whether to bring illegal currency exchange charges that could result in a fine or up to seven years in prison.

Staff at the airport who normally search for illicit substances and contraband also now have the right to search a traveler's wallet or purse for dollars, or credit cards in the names of friends of relatives.

Amid the grumbles and long faces in the queue, some were supportive of the crackdown.

"The Cadivi coupon should not be transferable, and state resources must be used for education, sports or tourism purposes," said Wolfgang Mejias, a professional fencer, as he waited for a flight to Europe.

"It doesn't bother me if they check me or ask questions."

The government plans to introduce fingerprint scanners to examine departing Venezuelans' credentials even more closely.

(Writing by Daniel Wallis; Editing by Steve Orlofsky)

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Comments (2)
JustProduce wrote:
Who would pay a higher price for any good or service if it were not worth it? no one.
The fact that the black market values the dollar so much higher than the “official” rate is a sign that it “is” worth it. All the official rate shows is the price at which the Venezuelan government “would like” the dollar to be at. In the process, they have created such market distortion that even average people can profit by a slow method of traveling abroad. No high speed trading is necessary when governments create such gross market distortions.
The sad part is that it is the Venezuelan citizen, through government taxation and loss of buying power, who pays for the profit made by the profiting travelers. Yes, every time that a government claims to help the nation, citizens have to pay for their mistakes. If they just let the Venezuelan currency drop to the correct market value, no one would be able to profit from the distortion. But that would show the reality that the nation is stuck with a massive inflation, which means again its citizens are loosing. The problem is neither the black market nor the profiteers. The problem is that the government has taken actions that have hurt the real economic position of its citizens; a fact that they are now trying to hide. The alternative would be for the government bureaucrats to lose their jobs after their citizens find out the truth in their mismanagement. we all know that these bureaucrats do not want to lose their jobs. So we are left with a bad government, a distorted market and a profit opportunity that drains the pockets of the citizenship. What a circus; a Chavez Circus.

Oct 17, 2013 4:05am EDT  --  Report as abuse
HawaiianNeal wrote:
Even the real socialists are fed up with the Venezuelan “make the PSUV officials rich” veil of “Socialism”.

Oct 17, 2013 2:19pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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