U.S. Holocaust museum gets long lost diary from top Hitler aide

WASHINGTON Tue Dec 17, 2013 12:28pm EST

1 of 2. The long-lost diary of Alfred Rosenberg, a top aide to Adolf Hitler, is displayed at the Holocaust Museum in Washington December 17, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Gary Cameron

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The long-lost diary kept by a top aide to Adolf Hitler as he oversaw the genocide against Jews and others during World War Two, a key piece of evidence during the Nuremberg trials, was handed over on Tuesday to the U.S. Holocaust Museum.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents found and seized Alfred Rosenberg's 400-page diary in Wilmington, Delaware this year, ending a nearly 70-year hunt for the diary which disappeared after the Nuremberg trials in 1946.

"The finding and return of the Rosenberg Diary is one more small but significant step towards a full and complete understanding of the depraved mindset of those responsible for the mass killing of Jewish people and ethnic groups during World War Two," said U.S. Attorney Charles Oberly.

Rosenberg was privy to much of the planning for the Nazi state, the mass murder of the Jewish people and other ethnic groups as well as planning of conduct of World War Two.

Rosenberg was a defendant at the Nurembreg Trials in Germany, from 1945 to 1946. He was found guilty on all four counts of the indictment for conspiracy to commit aggressive warfare, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Rosenberg was hanged on October 16, 1946.

After the surrender of Germany in 1945, Allied forces took ownership of all documents created by the defeated German government. To prepare for war crimes trials, U.S. government agencies selected relevant documents as potential evidence, including the Rosenberg diary.

One of the prosecutors at the Nuremberg Trials, Robert Kempner, removed various documents including the Rosenberg diary from U.S. government facilities in Nuremberg and smuggled them back to the United States.

After Kempner's death in 1993, heirs to his estate agreed to forfeit his possessions to the U.S. Holocaust Museum, but the diary was not among them.

The museum began searching for it and eventually Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents found and seized the diary.

ICE's Homeland Security Investigations special agents focus heavily on criminal investigations that involve the illegal importation and distribution of cultural property.

(This story has been refiled to insert dropped name of Alfred Rosenberg in paragraph 2)

(Reporting by Deborah Charles; Editing by David Gregorio)

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Comments (2)
AnyScreenName wrote:
Doesn’t this diary belong to all humanity? Surely it is illegal for one Holocaust museum to be complicit in the receipt of stolen goods? Nuremberg Trial documents should be available for any historian to study. Not a selective minority. WWII took over 50 million lives and destroyed many others. The complete and unabridged entries in the Rosenberg diary need to be placed on-line for anyone to access.

Dec 18, 2013 8:44am EST  --  Report as abuse
DavidVeteran wrote:
Are all the thief’s “heirs” being arrested for lying about this and hiding it? What jail terms have they been sentenced to?

Dec 19, 2013 6:01pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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